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My Brother Martin. by Christine King Farris illustrated by Chris Soentpiet. Compiled by: Terry Sams PES Melissa Guinn PES. Study Skills. Genre: Biography Comprehension Skill: Cause and Effect Comprehension Strategy: Answer Questions

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My brother martin

My Brother Martin

by Christine King Farris

illustrated by Chris Soentpiet

Compiled by:

Terry Sams PES

Melissa Guinn PES


Study skills
Study Skills

  • Genre: Biography

  • Comprehension Skill:

    Cause and Effect

  • Comprehension Strategy:

    Answer Questions

  • Comprehension Review Skill: Fact and Opinion

  • Vocabulary:

    Word Structure—Endings


Summary
Summary

Few people know about what Martin Luther King, Jr. was like as a child. His older sister, Christine, tells stories of their childhood, full of love and fun. She remembers when her little brother “M.L.” told their mother, “One day, I am going to turn this world upside down.”


Genre biography
Genre: Biography

A biography is the story of a real person’s life as told be someone else. In this biography, a sister shares childhood memories of her younger brother. Why do you think she chose to tell about these experiences?


Comprehension skill cause and effect
Comprehension SkillCause and Effect

  • The effect is what happens.

  • The cause is why it happens.

  • Clue words such as because, so, therefore, and as a result can signal causes and effects.

  • Sometimes one effect becomes the cause of another effect, which causes another, and so on. This is called a chain of events.


Practice cause and effect pb 253
Practice Cause and Effect PB 253

  • Cause

  • Jack’s textbooks are old and damaged.

  • Effect  Cause

  • Jack’s mother complains to the principal, who cannot help.

  • Effect  Cause

  • She visits a lawyer, and he files a lawsuit for her.


Practice cause and effect pb 2531
Practice Cause and Effect PB 253

  • Effect

  • A judge decides in Jack’s favor.

  • When do you think this fictional story takes place? Use the information from the text and your prior knowledge to answer the question.

  • The story probably takes place in the early days of the Civil Rights Movement.


Comprehension strategy answer questions
Comprehension StrategyAnswer Questions

  • Good readers can answer questions about what they read.

  • Sometimes the answer to a question will be in one place in the text and sometimes it will be in several places.

  • Sometimes you must combine what you read with what you already know.


Comprehension review skill fact or opinion
Comprehension Review Skill- Fact or Opinion

  • A fact is a statement that can be proven either true or false.

  • An opinion is a statement based on someone’s judgment, belief, or wayofthinking.


Vocabulary skill word structure endings
Vocabulary Skill:Word Structure—Endings

  • Sometimes the ending –ed or

    –ing is added to a verb or the ending –s is added to a noun.

  • If a word with one of these endings seems hard for you, try the following:


Vocabulary skill word structure endings1
Vocabulary Skill:Word Structure—Endings

  • Cover the ending and identify the base form of the verb or noun.

  • Do you know this word? If you do, think about its meaning. Picture the action the verb describes.

  • If you do not, check the words around the word. Try to find clues that can help you figure out the meaning.

  • Check to see if the meaning makes sense in the sentence.


Grammar skill conjunctions te 659e
Grammar Skill – Conjunctions TE 659e

  • Conjunctions are connecting words such as and, but and or. They can be used to join words, phrases, or sentences.

  • Use and to add information, or to join related ideas:

    They played soccer and tag.


Grammar skill conjunctions te 659e1
Grammar Skill – Conjunctions TE 659e

  • Use but to join different ideas:

    Some people were kind, but others were mean.

  • Use or to suggest a choice:

    We can fight, or we can get along.


Research skill note taking te 659l
Research Skill Note TakingTE 659L

  • As you read, take notes to help you understand and remember the text.

  • Notes should be brief and focus on the most important information. Use keywords, phrases, or short sentences.

  • Paraphrase, or restate, someone’s idea using your own words.


Research skill note taking te 659l1
Research Skill Note TakingTE 659L

  • Synthesize, or combine, information from different parts of the text or from tow or more texts. Look for ideas that go together. Add your own thoughts.

  • Record findings in an organized way, such as a graphic organizer, a summary, or an outline. Include information about sources you read.


Research skill note taking wb 259 260
Research Skill Note TakingWB 259-260

  • How is this article organized?

    chronologically

  • Paraphrase the first sentence in the article.

    Both Cesar Chavez and Dr. King understood the value of equal rights.

  • Why is it important to take note of the fact that Chavez was a migrant worker?

    It led him to do the work he did as an a adult fighting for civil rights.

  • Is the detail about Chavez joining the U.S. Navy important enough to include in your notes? Why or why not?

    No, because the article doesn’t focus on what he did in the navy.


Research skill note taking wb 259 2601
Research Skill Note TakingWB 259-260

  • What did Chavez do with the Community Service Organization?

    He spoke out against discrimination and encouraged voting.

  • What methods of peaceful protest did Chavez use?

    strikes, fasts, urging people to stop buying certain products

  • Why is it important to write down only the most important ideas when note-taking?

    If I wrote down every idea and every detail, I wouldn’t be able to focus on the author’s main ideas.


Research skill note taking wb 259 2602
Research Skill Note TakingWB 259-260

  • When taking notes for a report, it is important to write down the title and author of the book or article you are reading. Why do you need to do this?

    I might need to go back to what I was reading to check for more information.

  • Describe a graphic organizer you might use to organize your notes.

    I would draw a web. I would put Cesar Chavez in a center circle and write important details about his life in surrounding circles.

  • Copy a section of your notes from the article in the lines below.

    born in 1927, Arizona; worked as migrant farmer; fought for rights of Latinos


Weekly fluency check phrasing te 659a
Weekly Fluency Check -Phrasing TE 659a

  • Read aloud “A Class of One”. Explain that you will group words that make sense together.

  • Partners read aloud p. 651, paragraph 1, three times. Group words into meaningful phrases. Give each other feedback.


Fun stuff and practice
Fun Stuff and Practice

  • Review Cause and Effect

  • Cause and Effect Introduction

  • Conjunctions

  • Fact and Opinion Introduction

  • Fact and Opinion Review

  • Fact and Opinion Game

  • Martin Luther King PowerPoint

  • Time Line

  • Good Sentence Review PowerPoint


Question of the week te 638m
Question of the WeekTE 638m

  • How can words change people’s lives?


Day 2 question of the day
Day 2 - Question of the Day

  • What new or surprising information about Martin Luther King, Jr. does this biography give?


Day 3 question of the day
Day 3 - Question of the Day

  • How do Martin Luther King, Jr. s’ experiences show the power or words to change the world?


Day 4 question of the day review
Day 4 - Question of the Day - Review

  • Why do you think poems by young people were paired with the biography of Martin Luther King, Jr.?


Review questions
Review Questions

  • What is an opinion about Martin’s father?

  • What is the main idea of the selection?

  • Is it a fact or an opinion that the King children played with two white boys?

  • How were the King’s children and the two white boys alike?

  • What was the result of the King’s losing their friends?


Review questions1
Review Questions

6. Why did Martin Luther King, Jr. tell his mother that he would “one day (…) turn the world upside down?”

7. What did M.L. and his father have in common?

8. Why did the father refuse to buy shoes from a store owner?

9. What does the sentence, “These stories were as nourishing as the food that was set before us,” mean?


Review questions2
Review Questions

10. What was M.L. ‘s dream?

11. Why did the author write the story?

12. How does the picture on page 654 show the difference that M.L. made?


Vocabulary say it
Vocabulary - Say It

  • ancestors

  • avoided

  • generations

  • minister

  • numerous

  • pulpit

  • shielding


More words to know
More Words to Know

confronted

injustice

nourishing

demonstrating

integrate

sympathy


Ancestors

ancestors

people from whom you are descended, such as your great-grandparents


Avoided

avoided

kept away from; kept out of the way of


Generations

generations

periods of about thirty years, or the time from the birth of one generation to the birth of the next generation



Numerous

numerous

very many


Pulpit

pulpit

platform or raised structure in a church from which the minister preaches


Shielding

shielding

protecting; defending


Confronted

confronted

faced boldly, opposed


Injustice

injustice

lack of justice, fairness, lawfulness


Nourishing

nourishing

keep well-fed and healthy; producing health and growth


Demonstrating

demonstrating

taking part in a parade or meeting to protest or to make demands


Integrate

integrate

to make public places available to people or all races on an equal basis


Sympathy

sympathy

agreement; approval; favor



Ministers often preach from behind a pulpit.



Martin Luther King, Jr. made equality. numerous speeches about equality.





In the 1960s, schools were forced to schools.integrate public schools.

Norman Rockwell’s

“The Problem We All Live With”


Many white students stood outside integrated schools demonstrating their anger of having to go to school with colored people.


Many white students stood outside integrated schools demonstrating their anger of having to go to school with colored people.demonstrating their anger of having to go to school with colored people.


Very few white people had sympathy for colored families. demonstrating their anger of having to go to school with colored people.


Very few white people had demonstrating their anger of having to go to school with colored people.sympathy for colored families.



The Underground Railroad was one way of slaves.shielding runaway slaves.

Link



Slaves who had run away recognized by anyone.avoided places where they could be recognized by anyone.


Writing assignment
Writing Assignment recognized by anyone.

  • Write and announcement promoting some fictional event using as many of the spelling words as possible.

  • The event may be a play, a contest or a sporting event.


Spelling words schwa
Spelling Words recognized by anyone.Schwa

  • stomach

  • memory

  • Canada

  • element

  • mystery

  • science

  • remember

  • forget

  • suppose

  • iron


Spelling words schwa1
Spelling Words recognized by anyone.Schwa

  • gravel

  • difficult

  • fortune

  • giant

  • architect

  • normal

  • notify

  • privilege

  • cement

  • yesterday

Different dictionaries may show different vowels for the schwa sound.


Challenge
CHALLENGE recognized by anyone.

  • ridiculous

  • syllable

  • magnificent

  • asparagus

  • cinnamon


Academic vocabulary reading
Academic Vocabulary-Reading recognized by anyone.

Outline – a brief summary or plan often in

numbered divisions

Proofread – to read over and fix mistakes

Thesaurus – book of words and their synonyms

Title page – page of a book bearing the title

Sentence fragment – occurs when subject, verb, or main clause is missing


This Week’s Word Wall Words recognized by anyone.

Click and type your own words for this week:


Let’s review our Spelling words. Watch carefully because they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


stomach they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


memory they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


Canada they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


mystery they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


remember they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


forget they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


giant they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


architect they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


normal they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


notify they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


privilege they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


cement they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


yesterday they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


ridiculous they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


syllable they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


asparagus they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


syllable they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


magnificent they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


cinnamon they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


reaction they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


suppose they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


iron they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


gravel they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


difficult they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


science they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.


Daily fix it day 1
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 1

  • Why is it important to rimember the lessons of history.

  • If we do'nt remember history we may make the same mistakes.


Daily fix it day 11
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 1

  • Why is it important to remember the lessons of history?

  • If we don’t remember history, we may make the same mistakes.


Daily fix it day 2
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 2

  • Violence is dramatic, and nonviolence is often effectiver.

  • Its diffecult not to fight back when others are fighting you.


Daily fix it day 21
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 2

  • Violence is dramatic, but nonviolence is often more effective.

  • It'sdifficult not to fight back when others are fighting you.


Daily fix it day 3
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 3

  • Men, woman, but children fought for rights of black Americans.

  • They marched threw the streets, in protest.


Daily fix it day 31
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 3

  • Men, women, and children fought for rights of black Americans.

  • They marched through the streets in protest.


Daily fix it day 4
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 4

7. Rev. King dream that the world would be a more good place.

8. Parts of his dream comed true, there is still work to be done.


Daily fix it day 41
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 4

7. Rev. King dreamed that the world would be a better place.

8. Parts of his dream came true. There is still work to be done.


Daily fix it day 5
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 5

  • King was a great american, and a day is named in her honor.

  • At our school we always reads one of Kings speeches.


Daily fix it day 51
Daily Fix-It they will flash on the screen for just a moment. We can clap as we spell the word, or we might just practice reading the words.Day 5

  • King was a great American, and a day is named in his honor.

  • At our school we always read one of King's speeches.


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