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What does gender have to do with climate change finance?. Panama March 2011 Hannie Meesters. Climate Finance Trivia. What is the estimated annual cost for adaptation in developing countries?. Adaptation. Cited from PPT of Jessica Brown, Overseas Development Institute.

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climate finance trivia
Climate Finance Trivia
  • What is the estimated annual cost for adaptation in developing countries?

Adaptation

Cited from PPT of Jessica Brown, Overseas Development Institute

climate finance trivia3
Climate Finance Trivia

2 :What is the estimated annual cost for mitigation in developing countries?

Mitigation

Cited from PPT of Jessica Brown, Overseas Development Institute

climate finance trivia4
Climate Finance Trivia

What amount of funding is currently being pledgedper year by donor governments to climate change (both mitigation and adaptation) in developing countries?

Of this amount pledged per annum, what amount is actually spent per year (on average) ?

What amount went to development aid in 2008?

What amount went to financial bailouts in 2008?

What amount was the collective income of the 729 women’s groups in 2005?

$3.9 billion

< $300 million

$90.7 billion

$4.1 trillion

$79 million

Cited from PPT of Jessica Brown, Overseas Development Institute

overview recent cost estimates global mitigation and adaptation measures
Overview Recent Cost EstimatesGlobal Mitigation and Adaptation Measures

HBF North America

introduction overview
Introduction – Overview
  • Climate Change finance mechanisms limited benefit for LDCs and poorest and most disadvantaged within countries because of lack of capital, market access, knowledge, skills, decision-making powers
  • Women as a group generally least considered by modern financing mechanisms
  • Proliferation of new instruments for climate financing and a shift from UNFCCC/GEF to WB and MDBs, with good and bad (gender) implications
  • A challenge to ensure that gender is an important consideration in ongoing climate finance negotiations and fund operationalization
slide7

German International Climate Initiative

German Life WebGerman Carbon Financing

UK Env. Transformation Fund

African Development Bank. World Bank

UNFCCC

14 Donors

Australia’s Global Initiative on Forest and Climate

Indonesia, PNG

Norwegian Rain Forest Initiative

Brazil, Tanzania, Many others

CBD

Global Environment Facility

GEF-4: 6 Focal AreasAdaptation Funds

Biodiversity POPS SPA

Climate Int. Waters LDCF

Land Degrad Ozone Deplet. SCCF

Adaptation Fund To be developed

World Bank

Climate Investment Funds

Clean Tech. FundStr. Climate Funds

PPCR

Forest InveFund

LDC Tech Transfers

Ren. Energies Fund

BioCarbon Funds (12 Donors)

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility

(11 Donors)

Stockholm Convention

Montreal Protocol

UNCCD

Dutch Funds

European Commission

GEEFREF

GCCA

Japanese Cool Earth Fund

US Clean Tech Fund

Spanish MDG Fund

UNDP Recipient Countries

Courtesy David Reed, WWFUS;

Update LS, 10/01/2008

evolving climate finance architecture boom or bust for gender considerations
Evolving Climate Finance Architecture – Boom or Bust for Gender Considerations?

New climate finance architecture with shifts of momentum & financing might to WB and MDBs from GEF and UNFCCC

PLUS for Gender

  • Approach climate change as a development concern (WB and MDBs with gender-awareness; UNFCCC not)
  • WB and most MDBs have gender policies and are committed to gender mainstreaming (UNFCCC not)
  • Gender considerations as “conditionality” for dispersing funds?
  • WB/MDB Experience with social sector programs (health, education)

MINUS for Gender

  • Focus on market-driven solutions (carbon finance)
  • MDBs are part of the problem (investments in oil, gas, mining)
  • Focus on scaled-up mitigation interventions and large-scale technology
  • Donor driven (see conditionality question)
  • Mostly concessional finance, not grants; treated as ODA
  • Few stakeholders from recipient countries (including women) consulted

LianeSchaletek – Heinrich Boll Foundation

some recommendations
Some Recommendations
  • Raise gender-awareness and commitment to gender equity with all institutions and donors (multilateral, bilateral, private) in the new climate finance architecture
  • Develop a set of gender-criteria for new funds
  • Gender audits of new climate funding mechanisms
  • Gender budgets and gender accounting for projects/programs financed under these new instruments (international and national level)
  • Improve women’s participation in stakeholder and consultation processes for climate finance issues
the global gender and climate alliance ggca
The Global Gender and Climate Alliance (GGCA)
  • Integrate a gender perspective into policy and decision making in order to ensure that the UN mandates on gender equality are fully implemented.
  • Ensure that financing mechanisms on mitigation and adaptation address the needs of poor women and men equitably.
  • Build capacity at all levels to design and implement gender-responsive climate change policies, strategies and programmes.
  • Develop, compile, and share practical tools, information, and methodologies to facilitate the integration of gender into policy and programming.
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