children in changing family structures
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Children in Changing Family Structures

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

Children in Changing Family Structures - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 57 Views
  • Uploaded on

Children in Changing Family Structures. Jan Pryor Roy McKenzie Centre for the Study of Families Victoria University Wellington New Zealand. ‘Child Development: a field of study devoted to understanding all aspects of human growth and change from conception through adolescence.’ Laura Berk.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Children in Changing Family Structures' - will


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
children in changing family structures

Children in Changing Family Structures

Jan Pryor

Roy McKenzie Centre for the Study of Families

Victoria University

Wellington

New Zealand

slide2
‘Child Development: a field of study devoted to understanding all aspects of human growth and change from conception through adolescence.’ Laura Berk.
  • ‘A family is a group of people which all care about each other. They can cry together, laugh together, argue together and go through all the emotions together. Some live together as well. Families are for helping each other through life.’ 13 year old girl.
four paradigms of childhood
Four paradigms of childhood
  • Children as devils (original sin)
  • Children as tabula rasa (John Locke)
  • Children as angels (Rousseau)
  • Children as embryonic adults
slide4
‘For those researchers for whom exploring children’s roles as social actors constitutes a central concern, children’s competence is taken for granted. The question they pose, instead, is how that competence is acknowledged and expressed or disguised and controlled in and through children’s everyday relationships.’ James, 1998.
slide5
‘The peculiarity of the late twentieth century and the root cause of much confusion and angst about childhood, is that a public discourse that argues that children are persons with rights to a degree of autonomy is at odds with the remnants of the romantic view that the right of a child is to be a child.’ Cunningham 1995.
history of families
History of Families
  • Households as economic units (17th and 18th centuries)
  • Industrial revolution (19th century)
  • Compulsory education for children (late 19th century)
twentieth century changes
Twentieth century changes
  • Lower mortality and ability to control fertility
  • Heyday of nuclear family
  • ‘Companionate’ marriages
  • Feminist movement
20th century changes cont
20th Century changes cont.
  • Women moving into the workforce
  • Increased rates of separation and divorce
  • Increased rates of cohabitation
  • Increased rates of re-partnering
how do today s families look
How do today’s families look?
  • Marriage and childbirth happening at later ages
  • Commitment no longer precedes cohabiting
  • Fathers both more and less involved with children
sole father households in nz 2001
Sole father households in NZ 2001
  • 16.5% of sole parent households headed by fathers
  • Over a quarter of sole parent households with 15-17 year olds headed by fathers
  • Over 22% of sole parent households with 10 to 14 year-olds headed by fathers
today s families cont
Today’s families cont.
  • Diversity of family structures; children may be raised by same-sex, unmarried, multiple, nonrelated parents.
  • Children likely to experience one or more family transitions in childhood
transition statistics from christchurch longitudinal study
Transition statistics from Christchurch longitudinal study
  • 50% of children either born into or entered a single parent family by age 16
  • 71% of these re-entered a 2 parent family within five years
  • 53% remarriages or repartnerships dissolved within five years
christchurch longitudinal study cont
Christchurch longitudinal study cont.
  • 70% reconciled families dissolved within five years
  • 27% children had experienced 2 family situations by the age of nine
  • 18% had experienced 3 family situations by the age of nine.
today s families cont1
Today’s families cont.
  • Paramountcy of the parent-child relationship
  • Multiple ethnicities
  • Children’s power in families and society
implications for developmental psychology
Implications for Developmental Psychology
  • Attachment
  • Parenting
  • Biological vs fictive kin
  • Identity
ad