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Gender Matters WHO s Gender Policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Gender Matters WHO s Gender Policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

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Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

Gender Matters

WHOs Gender Policy

and the importance of gender

in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • Sex refers to the biological and physiological characteristics of male and female animals: genitalia, reproductive organs, chromosomal complement, hormonal environment, etc.

  • Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, rights, responsibilities, possibilities, and limitations that, in a given society, are assigned to men and women -- in other words, to what is considered masculine and feminine in a given time and place.


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • (sex)(gender)


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • /


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • /


Who s gender policy

WHOs Gender Policy

  • ...WHO will, as a matter of policy and good public health practice, integrate gender considerations in all facets of its work.

  • integration of gender considerations, that is gender mainstreaming, must become standard practice in all policies and programmes.

  • all programmes will be expected to collect disaggregated data by sex, review and reflect on the gender aspects of their respective areas of work, and initiate work to develop content-specific materials.


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • A condition with many origins that significantly disables a large number of people

  • A major health problem with mostly social roots

  • A condition which disproportionately affects women, even though there would be no a priori reason to expect that it would


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • A disease which disproportionately affects men, but for which men and women exhibit very different trends over time - and which may, by implication, require different interventions for the two sexes

  • A disease which affects men and women about the same amount, in the aggregate, but which has very different implications for each

  • A problem which affects men and women at different rates and in different ways, but which is also perpetrated by one sex more than the other.


The message

The message?

  • Looking at health with a gender perspective teaches us about factors that give rise to and sustain disease and disability -- factors that we might not notice without a gender perspective.

  • Knowing about these factors helps us to better fight disease and disability.

    In WHOs work -- Gender matters.


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Higher prevalence among men in most countries

Higher prevalence among men in most countries

But differences in male-to-female drinking ratios were decrease


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • 6.5%1.3%

  • 2:1

  • 13.9%1.7%

  • (2005)


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Health impact sex gender and drinking

Health impact - sex, gender and drinking


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

Sex


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • FAS


Gender

Gender


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

    • ?

        • XXX

    • =?

      • PRADANo body care what she did


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Changing norms may put women and girls at risk

Changing norms may put women and girls at risk


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

1


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

2


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

3


Different motivations for taking up continuing or ceasing to use alcohol

Different motivations for taking up, continuing or ceasing to use alcohol

Exploiting gender and aspirations to promote drinking


What research is needed

What research is needed?

  • Differential impacts on men and women of different ages should be considered when deciding upon drinks pricing, health warnings, access and bans;

  • Women may benefit more from messages destroying the myth of the light wine, while men may be concerned by alcohols threats to virility;


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • Too often, the sole group singled out by sex is pregnant women, primarily driven by fetal health concerns. Drinking by the father should be addressed as well;

  • Community interventions are important to supplement the macro impacts of legislation. Media and community-based campaigns and workplace activities should ensure messages and actions work successfully with both sexes;


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research

  • Awareness and advocacy are also needed. Investigative journalism offers scope for mass exposure about gender and drinking;

  • Community and school-based discussion of the health impacts of gender expectations for both males and females would foster greater self-awareness and, thus, resistance to gender-based advertising and harmful social norms.


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


Gender matters who s gender policy and the importance of gender in health interventions and research


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