Methods and T ehni ques in Surface Science. Prof. Dumitru LUCA “Alexandru Ion Cuza” University, Iasi, Romania. Introduction. Relation between surface/interface science and other fields of knowledge. What is the surface? How can the surface be probed?
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Methods andTehniquesin Surface Science
Prof. Dumitru LUCA
“Alexandru Ion Cuza” University, Iasi, Romania
The spectrum of the electromagnetic radiation of interest in surface science
Condensed matter physics
(source 1993, : Briggs, Seah, see References)
(p =1 atm, high-temp.)
(a) in real time in situ (XRD, Moessbauer, infrared, EXAFS)
(b) after “quenching” the investigated state.
Completing the above-mentioned information via:
(i) modelling on single-crystals
(ii) using UHV techniques
1.Temperature programmed techniques (TPD)
1a. Temperature programmed reduction (TPR)
1b. Temperature programmed sulphidation (TPS) – catalysis
1c. Temperature programmed reaction spectroscopy (TPRS).
2. Photoemission spectroscopies
2a. X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)
2b. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS)
-Auger Emission spectroscopy
3. Ion spectroscopies
3a. Low-energy ion scattering (LEIS)
3b. Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS)
3c. Secondary neutral mass spectrometry (SNMS)
3d. Rutherford backscattering (RBS)
4a. Moessbauer Absorption Spectroscopy (MAS)
4b. Moessbauer Emission Spectroscopy (MES)
5. Diffraction methods [X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Low-Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED)
and EXAFS (Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure).
6. Microscopy and si imagistics
6a. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
6b. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
6c. Electron Microprobe Analysis (EMA)
6d. Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDX/EDAX)
6e. Field Emission Microscopy (FEM)
6f. Field Ion Microscopy (FIM)
6g. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)
6h. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM)
6i. Photoemission Electron Microscopy (PEEM)
6j. Ellipsometry Microscopy for Surface Imaging (EMSI)
7. Vibration spectroscopies
7a. Infrared Spectroscopy (IS)
7b. Transmission Infrared Spectroscopy (TIS)
7c. Diffuse reflectance Infrared Spectroscopy (DRIS)
7d. Raman Spectroscopy
7e. Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS)
8. Wettability, contact angle, Surface free energy
8a. Sessile drop: static/dinamic measurements (advancing, receding angle)
 H. P. Myers, Introductory Solid State Physics, Taylor&Francis, 1990.
 C. Desjonqueres, D. Spanjaard, Concepte de fizica suprafetei, Ed. Tehnică. 1998 (Romanian)
 H. Lueth, Surfaces and interfaces of solid materials, Springer, 1993.
 P. Atkins, J. de Paula, Physical Chemistry, Ed. 8, Oxford, 2006.
 D. Briggs, M. P. Seah, Practical surface analysis, vol I, II, Willey and Sons, Ed. II 1990.