Good practice pre departure orientation program
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Good Practice: Pre-departure Orientation Program. Experience of Bangladesh, Philippines and Sri Lanka. Presented by: A.K.M. Masud Ali. Outline of the Presentation. An overview of the added value of PDOS

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Good practice pre departure orientation program

Good Practice: Pre-departure Orientation Program

Experience of

Bangladesh, Philippines and Sri Lanka

Presented by: A.K.M. Masud Ali


Outline of the presentation

Outline of the Presentation

  • An overview of the added value of PDOS

  • The institutional and legal infrastructure within which the good practices are identified

  • The elements of good practices in PDOS program in Bangladesh, Philippines and Sri Lanka.

  • Examples of good practices in PDOS

  • Way Forward


Stages in processing migration

Stages in Processing Migration

Pre Departure:

Origin

Reintegration:

Origin

Post Arrival:

Destination


Stages in processing migration1

Stages in Processing Migration

At every stage of migration process access to authentic information is a precondition to safe migration and it starts at pre-migration stage…


Pre departure orientation adds value for all

Pre-Departure Orientation Adds value for all

  • Benefit to:

  • Government

  • Economy

  • Migrants

Managing migration

Origin Country


Pre departure orientation adds value for all1

Pre-Departure Orientation Adds value for all

Migrants

Aware on their Responsibilities

With

Enhanced

Capacity for

Integration

Maximize benefit from employment of migrant labour

Destination Country


Pre departure orientation adds value for all2

Pre-Departure Orientation Adds value for all

Reduced

Vulnerability

Maximum

Gain from

Migration

Empowerment

Of individual

Migrants

Informed

decision

regarding safe

migration

Individual Migrants


The two aspects of pdos program

The two aspects of PDOS program

PDOS Program

The enabling and supportive

institutional

and legal infrastructure for safe

Labour migration


Institutional and legal setups

Institutional and Legal Setups

Mandatory and Enabling Pre-departure Registration and Orientation:

  • in Bangladesh (BMET)

  • Philippines (OWWA)

  • Sri Lanka (SLBFE)


Institutional and legal setups1

Institutional and Legal Setups

Mandatory and Enabling Pre-departure Registration and Orientation:

In the Philippines, POEA Memorandum Circular No. 3, Series of 1983 provided guidelines for the conduct of a compulsory PDOS for “all first-time or re-contracted workers, and every agency is responsible in providing each worker a thorough PDOS”


Institutional and legal setups2

Institutional and Legal Setups

Involvement of private sector and NGOs

520 agencies

Philippines

OWWA

NGOs

703 private agencies


Institutional and legal setups3

Institutional and Legal Setups

Involvement of private sector and NGOs

Trade Union bodies

SLBFE

NGOs

Sri Lanka

Private agencies


Institutional and legal setups4

Institutional and Legal Setups

Involvement of private sector and NGOs

NGO-self initiative

BMET

BOESL

Bangladesh

Private

Recruiting Agencies


Institutional and legal setups5

Institutional and Legal Setups

Involvement of international organizations (Philippines)

Canadian Orientation

Abroad (COA)

Gov. of

Canada

IOM

GRP

Power to choose


Institutional and legal setups6

Institutional and Legal Setups

Involvement of international organizations

(Bangladesh and Sri Lanka)

Govt.

Pioneer and piloting (90s)

PDOS Training Module on

Safe Migration

Language Lab

Health awareness

NGO facilitation

IOM


Indicators of good practice

Indicators of Good Practice

  • Existence of innovative curricula for pre-departure programs

  • Rich content of pre-departure orientation seminars

  • Standardization and certification of PDOS

  • Special need focused orientation for specific group of migrants


Indicators of good practice1

Indicators of Good Practice

  • Information campaigns for awareness and accountability

  • Peer and community involvement in PDOS

  • Enabling migrants to access networks for support and redress


Indicators of good practice2

Indicators of Good Practice

  • Gender sensitive and empowering process

  • Country specific cultural, economic and social orientation/sustainability

  • Recent introduction of pre-employment orientation seminars before PDOS


Pdos indicators of good practice

PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice

Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:

Introduction of new skills training to ensure access to new labour markets;


Pdos indicators of good practice1

PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice

Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:

participation in the process of syllabus development, through consultation with different stakeholders


Pdos indicators of good practice2

PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice

Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:

development of curricula for specific occupations, experience and destinations


Pdos indicators of good practice3

PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice

Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:

Optimal allocation of time


Pdos indicators of good practice4

PDOS: Indicators of Good Practice

Innovative Curricula for PDOS programes:

Empowerment through the acquisition of knowledge and skills


Pdos example of good practice

PDOS: Example of Good Practice

Contents of PDOS:

Finance

Health:

HIV/AIDS

Travel

Document

Workplace

Safety

Coping

Strategy

Remittance

Worksite

Info.

Source of Support

at Destination

Family

Welfare

Culture

Language

Migrants’

Rights

&

Responsibilities


Good practice pre departure orientation program

Безопасность

на

рабочем

месте

Стратеги по

адаптации

Язык

Права и

обязанности

Ни в одной стране не охватываются все вопросы адаптации трудовых мигрантов, однако по содержанию проводимых программ существует реальный потенциал изучить опыт проводимых программ

Трудоустройство

и

поиск работы

Культура

Соц. Защита

семей

Финансы

Денежные

переводы

Оформление

документов


Pdos example of good practice1

PDOS: Example of Good Practice

Pre-employment orientation seminars (Philippines)

  • illegal recruitment, list of licensed recruitment agencies, illegal agencies;

  • procedures for application departure, on-site employment and return;

  • job-site information, including culture of the country of destination;


Pdos example of good practice2

PDOS: Example of Good Practice

Pre-employment orientation seminars

  • remittances, financial management and livelihood projects, as protection against the insecurity

  • of overseas employment insurance coverage for workers and their families.


Pdos example of good practice3

PDOS: Example of Good Practice

Pre-employment orientation seminars

Presently the policy makers are stressing on pre-employment orientation as an essential element of pre-migration preparation.


Pdos example of good practice4

PDOS: Example of Good Practice

Enabling Network for Support and Redress

Philippines:

Orientation on

Resource

Centers

Sri Lanka &

Bangladesh:

Stay-facilities at

destination


Pdos example of good practice5

PDOS: Example of Good Practice

Enabling Network for Support and Redress

Information on:

Embassies in destination countries,

on their role in supporting nationals;

Human rights organizations

in destination countries;

Migrants’ associations and

trade unions in destination countries;


Pdos example of good practice6

PDOS: Example of Good Practice

Sustainability

Coordinated

Effort: GO,

NGO, IO,

PS

Migrants’

Welfare

fund

Favourable

Institutional

Structure


Pdos example of good practice7

PDOS: Example of Good Practice

Gender sensitive policy

Female

Household

Workers

Entertainers:

COPE in

the Philippines

Special legal

Protection and

Training

Sri Lanka

Philippines

Bangladesh


Way forward

Way Forward

Decentralization

Focus on rights

Destination specificity

Breaking away gender stereotype

Focus on Reintegration


Way forward1

Way Forward

The origin and destination countries

must come together to ensure

that PDOS is seen as a

Comprehensive process to make

Migration safer and beneficial for all.


Thank you and welcome to discussion

Thank you and Welcome to Discussion…..


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