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Philadelphia District. US Army Corps of Engineers. RTK-GPS for Dredging. Why Where How Much The Pay Back – Time - Accuracy Production monitoring $$$$. Improved Accuracy for both positioning & depth Knowing the exact draft of the vessel enables increased accuracy for dredge cuts

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Philadelphia District

US Army Corps of Engineers


Rtk gps for dredging
RTK-GPS for Dredging

  • Why

  • Where

  • How Much

  • The Pay Back –

    • Time - Accuracy

    • Production monitoring

    • $$$$


Rtk gps for dredging why

Improved Accuracy for both positioning & depth

Knowing the exact draft of the vessel enables increased accuracy for dredge cuts

Decrease possibilities of missing spot shoals

Dredging around piers & pilings

I am sure you know more reasons than me to improve dredge position accuracy

RTK-GPS for DredgingWHY


Rtk gps becomes vrs rtk gps

Virtual Reference System -

RTK – GPS !!!!

What next !!!!

RTK - GPS BecomesVRS – RTK - GPS


Virtual reference station rtk gps

No more negotiating with local residents or businesses to put equipment up for the duration of a project

No more dead batteries or power failures slowing or stopping work

No more radio interference causing incorrect positions

Virtual Reference Station RTK - GPS


Virtual reference station rtk gps1

What is this new term? put equipment up for the duration of a project

VIRTUAL - RTK- GPS

Virtual Reference Station RTK - GPS


Virtual reference station rtk gps2

Defined – A number of Continually Operating Reference Stations (CORS) connected by a network that computes real time (1/sec) GPS measurement corrections for an intermediate position used as a base station (virtual) when conducting RTK-GPS surveys.

Virtual Reference Station RTK - GPS


Would you like to

Have your Dredge show up for a job and just start working Stations (CORS) connected by a network that computes real time (1/sec) GPS measurement corrections for an intermediate position used as a base station (virtual) when conducting RTK-GPS surveys.

Not worry about tide stations

Cut Accurate side slopes

Not worry about cutting too shallow or too deep

Accurately monitor production

Would you like to:


Vrs gps can be integrated with
VRS-GPS Stations (CORS) connected by a network that computes real time (1/sec) GPS measurement corrections for an intermediate position used as a base station (virtual) when conducting RTK-GPS surveys. Can be integrated with

  • COE Silent Inspector

  • Hypack – Dredge Pack

  • Other custom -production monitoring programs


Vrs rtk gps

Where did it come from? Stations (CORS) connected by a network that computes real time (1/sec) GPS measurement corrections for an intermediate position used as a base station (virtual) when conducting RTK-GPS surveys.

COE & DOT survey departments looking to improve efficiency and repeatability when performing surveys

Being used in Europe by many industries

Commercial groups are starting networks

VRS – RTK - GPS


Rtk gps for dredging where

At this moment it is coming online in the Philadelphia District

Once fully established in Philadelphia it is planned to expand through NAD

We have received inquiries from various districts in SAD & MVD

RTK-GPS for DredgingWhere


Rtk gps for dredging where1

USA District

Various State DOT Departments

Commercial groups

Colleges & Universities

COE - Philadelphia

RTK-GPS for DredgingWhere


Vrs rtk gps for dredging where

North Carolina Geodetic Survey District

South Carolina Geodetic Survey

Minnesota DOT

Ohio DOT

Texas DOT

Puget Reference Network (Washington State)

Texas Cooperative Network

University of Minnesota

VRS - RTK-GPS for DredgingWhere


Rtk gps for dredging where2

Europe District

Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland

Germany, Norway, Sweden

Switzerland, United Kingdom

Japan

RTK-GPS for DredgingWhere


Rtk gps for dredging how much

Typical Dredge installation District

RTK-GPS receiver = $20,000

Laptop / work station = $3,000

Proxy-Cast Cellular Network Router = $1,000

Total - $24,000

RTK-GPS for DredgingHow Much?


Vrs rtk gps typical components
VRS-RTK-GPS DistrictTypical Components

  • Laptop

  • Proxy Cast Cellular

  • Data Collector (optional)

  • RTK-GPS receiver


Vrs base position update

The default base station position remains fixed at the initial position determined during the first connection of the day

Optionally the VRS base location can be set to update at specific intervals from the original location

Good option for Hydrographic and Beach surveys

VRS base position update


Philadelphia district vrs gps network
Philadelphia District initial position determined during the first connection of the dayVRS-GPS Network


Usace vrs gps network in production

The Following Slides show some of the areas that the VRS-GPS Network is being used to improve Production

New Projects and Applications are Being added to the List

USACE VRS-GPS Network In Production


Vrs gps rover deployed in remote areas
VRS-GPS Rover Network is being used to improve ProductionDeployed in Remote Areas


Vrs gps rover deployed in remote areas1

Quick survey team response Network is being used to improve Production

Little or no stable control in the area

Often calibration is performed several miles outside of the immediate project area

Fast data acquisition

Accuracies within project tolerances (0.1’v)

Additional Rovers for data collection

VRS-GPS Rover Deployed in Remote Areas


Atv used for beach surveys
ATV - Used for Beach Surveys Network is being used to improve Production


Atv used for beach surveys1

Immediate Response to Pre and Post Storm Surveys – Destroyed Control is No Longer an Issue

Regional Models are Now Surveyed with a Uniform Control Network – Island to Island Network Variations are Eliminated

Contractors can be Given a User Name & Password that is Active while working on COE Projects

ATV – Used for Beach Surveys


Rtk noaa ports comparison
RTK / NOAA Ports Destroyed Control is No Longer an IssueComparison

  • Single Baseline Base

  • 185’ Light House

  • 85 Watt Radio

  • ~163 MHz VHF

  • 10 to 30 Km

  • 0.1 to 0.25 tide comparisons

  • Using Geoid 2003


Rtk noaa ports comparison1
RTK / NOAA Ports Destroyed Control is No Longer an IssueComparison

  • Delaware Bay

  • Brandywine Light

  • 10 KM from RTK Base

  • <0.1’ Difference

  • Repeated readings

  • Various tide / current conditions

  • Various GPS constellation conditions


Rtk noaa ports comparison2
RTK / NOAA Ports Destroyed Control is No Longer an IssueComparison

  • Delaware Bay

  • Ship John Light

  • 30 KM from RTK Base

  • +/-0.2’ Difference

  • Repeated readings

  • Various tide / current conditions

  • Various GPS constellation conditions


Rtk noaa ports comparison3
RTK / NOAA Ports Destroyed Control is No Longer an IssueComparison

  • Single Baseline

  • 0.1’ to 0.3’agreement

  • VRS-GPS

  • Constant 0.1’ agreement

  • Testing Continues

  • Full Documentation Before Implementation


Navigation surveys dredging
Navigation Surveys & Dredging Destroyed Control is No Longer an Issue

Survey Vessel With VRS-GPS Installed


Monitoring dredge production using vrs gps
Monitoring Dredge Production Using VRS-GPS Destroyed Control is No Longer an Issue

  • COE Silent Inspector

  • Hypack – Dredge Pack

  • Other custom -production monitoring programs


Monitoring dredge production using vrs gps1

Current Dredge Monitoring Techniques Destroyed Control is No Longer an Issue

GPS using USCG Differential = 3 to 5 m Hz & No vertical component

Nav Sat = Horizontal ? & No Vertical component

Pressure sensors for draft & load measurement +/- 0.5’ typical

RTK – GPS = 0.2’ Vertical

Monitoring Dredge Production Using VRS-GPS


One more example production monitoring

Typical Hopper Dredge Capacity Destroyed Control is No Longer an Issue

100’ long x 20’ wide = 2,000 sq ft

+/- 0.5’ pressure sensor = +/- 37 yards

+/-0.2’ RTK-GPS = +/- 14 yards

37 yards @ $25.00/ yard = +/- $925.00

14 yards @ $25.00/ yard = +/- $350.00

It adds up in the long run

One More ExampleProduction Monitoring


Just some food for thought

The survey industry is heading in this direction Destroyed Control is No Longer an Issue

A uniform control network in the region

Cellular connections Vs Radio

Accuracy is constantly monitored by the network operator

Accounts can be setup and billed as used or you can become a network partner

Just some food for thought


Questions or comments

Questions or Comments Destroyed Control is No Longer an Issue

Some of the items discussed in this presentation are application ideas developed by the author and not presently in production or use by the COE


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