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John Hick soul-making theodicy. Hick first presented this theodicy in Evil and the God of Love in 1966 (revised in 1978). It is a modern classic. 1. Presuppositions God exists & is good and limitlessly powerful. John Hick soul-making theodicy.

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john hick soul making theodicy
John Hick soul-making theodicy
  • Hick first presented this theodicy in Evil and the God of Love in 1966 (revised in 1978). It is a modern classic.
    • 1. Presuppositions
        • God exists & is good and limitlessly powerful

John Hick\'s soul-making theodicy - 1

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John Hick soul-making theodicy
      • Humans are on a pilgrimage. What is the pilgrimage all about? What is the goal of the pilgrimage? (287, 290)
  • 2. Criticisms of Augustine’s theodicy
      • The Golden Age & fall is a myth
      • Fall of the angels is logically implausible

John Hick\'s soul-making theodicy - 2

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John Hick soul-making theodicy
      • Aside: Hick’s proposed interpretation of the meaning of the Garden fall story
        • Expresses the gap between what we are and what God intends us to be eventually (284).
  • 3. Hick’s theodicy - Irenaean
      • Inspired by Irenaeus’s (120-202 A.D.) use of the pilgrimage metaphor

John Hick\'s soul-making theodicy - 3

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John Hick soul-making theodicy
  • Is consonant with evolution.
  • The 2 stages of evolution -- image & likeness, bios & zoe
  • Contra Augustine, under the pilgrimate model, perfection lies in the future not in the past

John Hick\'s soul-making theodicy - 4

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John Hick soul-making theodicy
  • What kind of a world and what kind of human nature is required for such a pilgrimage? What are the conditions for the possibility of soul-making?
    • Humans must be free
      • Requires a degree of autonomy
      • Requires epistemic distance (without this humans would not be free)

John Hick\'s soul-making theodicy - 5

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John Hick soul-making theodicy
  • Nature also must have a degree of autonomy (perhaps more appropriately semi-autonomy)
    • Counter-factual pictures of the world (289). The world must be a relatively stable & consistent place in order for humans to engage in the pilgrimage, in order to make moral choices & pursue knowledge.
    • This explains non-moral evil

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John Hick soul-making theodicy
  • 4. Cleaning up loose ends
      • The intensity of evil
      • Evil strikes indiscriminately (the story of Job)
        • Consider counter-factual situation
      • Soul-making is incomplete & even a failure for many

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John Hick soul-making theodicy
  • Critical evaluation
    • What saves this theodicy from being a simple character-building theodicy (cf. football coach)?
      • Hick’s theory applies not only to individual but to history of humankind, the evolutionary process

John Hick\'s soul-making theodicy - 8

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John Hick soul-making theodicy
    • Evil exists not only for soul-making but also to make genuine freedom possible; the possibility of evil is a necessary condition for freedom, & freedom is a necessary condition for soul-making
  • Does the theodicy require us to accept too many presuppositons?
    • Response: This is the nature of grand systems.

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