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Works Progress Administration. Presented by: Michael Presutti Timothy Iversen Ryan Replogle. Enacting the WPA. Congress funds WPA under New Deal Enacted with passage of ERAA (1935) Headed by Harry Hopkins WPA initially intended as FERA extension

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Works progress administration

Works Progress Administration

Presented by:

Michael Presutti

Timothy Iversen

Ryan Replogle


Enacting the wpa
Enacting the WPA

  • Congress funds WPA under New Deal

  • Enacted with passage of ERAA (1935)

  • Headed by Harry Hopkins

  • WPA initially intended as FERA extension

  • Roosevelt—economic recovery through employment programs

  • WPA becomes largest public works project


Projects funded
Projects funded

  • WPA legacy—public recreation buildings

  • WPA Road Project

  • 1935 priority—improve infrastructure

  • 1936 priority—public facilities

  • 1937 priority—agricultural improvements

  • WW2 approaches—defense related WPA projects


E mployment
Employment

  • WPA Goal

    • Jobs for unemployed until economic recovery

  • Payment based on three factors

    • 1) region of country

    • 2) degree of urbanization

    • 3) individual skill

    • Pays local wage

  • Set Minimum/ Maximum work hours

    • Min; 30 hr/week

    • Max; 40 hr/week


Effectiveness
Effectiveness

  • WPA employed more than 8.5 million

  • Constructed 110,000 libraries, schools, hospitals

  • Created permanent public works

  • Gave people sense of purpose & hope

  • Created jobs & brought industry to region

  • Not deemed unconstitutional


Role of government
Role of Government

  • Increase in federal spending

  • The WPA cost the government 11 billion

  • Increased involvement in everyday lives

  • Employed over 8.5 million Americans


Fdr s letter on appropriation for wpa
FDR’s Letter on Appropriation for WPA

  • FDR recommends additional appropriation for 1937

  • Asks Congress to provide $790,000,000

  • Present WPA appropriation ($1,425,000,000) insufficient

  • Demonstrates costs WPA needs to function

  • Exemplifies “Deficit Spending” platform of FDR


Termination of the wpa
Termination of the WPA

  • War production for WW2 ended unemployment

  • WPA had served its purpose

  • Congress terminated WPA in 1943

  • Legacy

    • WPA projects in every US town


Works cited
Works Cited

Britannica. "Works Progress Administration (WPA) (United States History)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. <http:// www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/648178/Works-Progress- Administration-WPA>.

Franklin D. Roosevelt. “Letter on Appropriations for the W.P.A. January 11, 1937.” The American Presidency Project. Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, Web. 2 Dec. 2012. <http:// www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=15341>

Taylor, Nick. “Works Progress Administration.” New York Times. (2008): n. page. Web. 2 Dec. 2012. <http://topics.nytimes.com/top/ reference/timestopics/organizations/w/ works_progress_administration/index.html>.

 WGBH. "American Experience: TV's Most-watched History Series." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/ americanexperience/features/general-article/dustbowl-wpa/>.

"Works Progress Administration." Works Progress Administration. Lilly Library's History Collections, n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. <http:// www.indiana.edu/~liblilly/wpa/wpa_info.html>.


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