Oil Spill and the Maritime environment A PRESENTATION MADE AT THE SIXTH NIGERIA INTERNATIONAL MARITIME PORTS AND TERMINAL EXPO AND CONFERENCE (NIMPORT 2013) AT LE’ MERIDIEN HOTELS AND GOLF RESORTS, UYO ON AUGUST 29, 2013 By Sir Peter Idabor DIRECTOR GENERAL / CHIEF EXECUTIVE
Oil Spill and the Maritime environment
A PRESENTATION MADE AT THE SIXTH NIGERIA INTERNATIONAL MARITIME PORTS AND TERMINAL EXPO AND CONFERENCE (NIMPORT 2013)
AT LE’ MERIDIEN HOTELS AND GOLF RESORTS, UYO
ON AUGUST 29, 2013
Sir Peter Idabor
DIRECTOR GENERAL / CHIEF EXECUTIVE
NATIONAL OIL SPILL DETECTION AND RESPONSE AGENCY
Oil spills are the harmful release of oil into the environment, usually in the water, sometimes killing flora and fauna. Oil is the most common pollutant in the oceans. More than 3 million metric tons of oil contaminates the sea every year.
The oil spill under consideration are the accidental or intentional release of crude and refined petroleum products, including chemical substances into the environment as a result of human activity (drilling, manufacturing, storing, transporting, waste management), that floats on the surface of water bodies as a discrete mass and is carried by the wind, currents and tides. Oil spills can be partially controlled by mechanical/chemical dispersion, in-situ combustion, containment and adsorption measures. They have destructive effects on coastal and marine ecosystems.
Some major oil spills in the Nigerian Marine Environment include: GOCON's Escravos' spill in 1978 of about 300,000 barrels, SPDC's Forcados Terminal Tank failure in 1978 of about 580,000 barrels, Texaco's FUNIWA-5 blowout in 1980 of about 400,000 barrels. Others include Abubu pipeline in 1982 of about 18,818 barrels, 1998 Jesse fire incident (SE Warri- Delta State) which claimed about 1000 lives , and more recently, SNEPCO's 2011 BONGA spill, where more than 40,000 barrels was released into the marine environment
The impacts of oil pollution on marine ecosystem can be categorized into long-term and short-term effects.
The Agency ensures that all operators have individual OSCP's that is integrated into the NOSCP, indicating personnel and equipment inventory, as well as encourage cooperation between organizations in relation to oil spill management and proper sensitization of all stakeholders