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Chapter 24 . Section 4: From Isolationism to War. Neutrality Acts. 1935- banned the US from providing weapons to nations at war 1936- banned loans to such nations. 1937- permitted trade with fighting nations in nonmilitary goods, as long as they paid cash & transported the cargo Cash & carry

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Chapter 24

Chapter 24

Section 4: From Isolationism to War


Neutrality acts
Neutrality Acts

  • 1935- banned the US from providing weapons to nations at war

  • 1936- banned loans to such nations




American involvement grows
American Involvement Grows goods, as long as they paid cash & transported the cargo

  • Our economy was recovering

  • Germany & Japan stepped up their aggression

    • Softened our isolationist views

  • Sept. 1939 Germany invaded Poland

    • FDR looked for ways to aid the Allies


Debating the american role
Debating the American Role goods, as long as they paid cash & transported the cargo

  • FDR asked for a revision of the Neutrality Acts

    • Congress repealed the arms embargo & provided GB & France with the weapons they needed


  • June 1940- France fell to Germany & Hitler prepared to invade Britain



    • Election of 1940 permission to build bases on British territory in the western hemisphere

      • FDR & Wendell Wilkie both supported aiding GB

        • Disagreed on how much

        • Both knew that war would be hard to avoid


    Lend lease
    Lend-Lease permission to build bases on British territory in the western hemisphere

    • FDR won re-election to a third term

      • Pushed for a greater involvement to the Allies

    • Plan- providing war supplies to GB without any payment in return



    Japan attacks pearl harbor
    Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor believed was vital to American security

    • July 1940- FDR began limiting what Japan could buy from the US

    • Sept. ended sale of scrap iron & steel- hoped to stop further expansion



    Final weeks of peace
    Final Weeks of Peace oil shipments

    • In Oct. 1941 Gen. Hideki Tojo took power in Japan who supported a war with the US

    • A year earlier we cracked the top secret Japanese code that allowed us to read intercepted diplomatic messages



    The attack
    The Attack were on the move in the Pacific

    • Shortly after 7a.m. on Dec. 7, 1941, an American radio operator on Oahu noticed a large blip on his radar screen

      • The officer in charge believed they were American & said to ignore them




    Us declares war
    US Declares War were on the move in the Pacific

    • “A date which will live in infamy…”

    • Dec. 8- FDR asked for a declaration of war on Japan

      • Only one member voted against

    • Dec. 11- Germany & Italy declared war on the US


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