Italian results in their european context citizenship reform
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Italian results in their European context: Citizenship reform. Do all residents have equal rights , responsibilities and opportunities to improve their integration outcomes? Benchmark policies and implementation measures, according to European & international standards on Equal Treatment

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Italian results in their European context: Citizenship reform

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Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

Italian results in their European context: Citizenship reform


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

Do all residents have equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities to improve their integration outcomes?

Benchmark policies and implementation measures, according to European & international standards on Equal Treatment

Public “Quick Reference Guide” across contexts for new/old immigration countries

Debate government objectives, progress, and results


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

7 Policy Areas for immigrants to participate in society:

1) Labour market mobility* 2) Family reunion* 3) Education 4) Political participation* 5) Long-term residence* 6) Access to nationality 7) Anti-discrimination

Covers 27 EU Member States, Norway, Switzerland, Canada, United States of America

7 comparative research partners worked on policy indicators

100+ national independent legal experts answer and peer review, all based on policies passed by 31 May 2010


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

Average Just 50%:

Halfway favourable Political will counts, more than tradition

Policies across EU more similar and strong with EU law


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

+1: Slow progress

9 leading countries

GR, LU, PT invest in greatest reforms, esp. Citizenship

CA, ES, BE, IE, DK, DE make minor changes

6 catching up on basics

(EE, CZ, LT on discrimination; PL, LV, HU on security & rights)

+0

3 years on, 8 inactive or pulled in opposite directions (NL, FI, FR, CH, CY, SK, SI, MT)

+1: Progress happens slowly


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

4 in reverse

-1 in IT, NO, SE; -10 UK

Conditions may delay/ discourage integration

IT loses ranking to ES

+1: Progress happens slowly


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

CHANGES

Security Act increases obstacles to family reunion, LTR, & naturalisation

TRENDS

New fees/conditions that many Italians could not pass (see also FR, DK, UK)

New LTR language test, but will Italy support all applicants to succeed? (e.g. PT, DE, US, CA)

Points-system: Is society any more secure when legal immigrants are less secure? (Less DK, UK; More ES, DE)


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

Areas of Strength

Work migration countries treat non-EU workers & families nearly the same as nationals

Implementation in South Europe..

No trade-off between ‘immigration choisie’ & ‘subie’

Still, Italy closes off public sector unlike 21 of 30 countries


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

Areas of Weakness

Targeted employment support to help all find legal jobs that match their skills/qualifications

(see PT, ES, other labour migration countries)

Education challenge for all new immigration countries like IT

Limited political opportunities compared to other established immigration countries

Many permits ineligible for LTR

Weakest Equality Policies, even with diversity charter; 2nd to last for Equality Body (after ES)


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

Citizenship: Out-of-date?

Basic secure & equal citizenship

Dual nationality since 1992 like most MIPEX countries (18)

Average but different conditions

Slightly unfavourable eligibility provisions


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

Legal/practical problems proving 10 yrs uninterrupted legal residence (one of longest, minimum for Council of Europe) or until age 18 for Italian-born

Italy falling behind trends as nationality reformers transform from countries of emigration to immigration (DE, BE, SE, FI, PT, LU, GR...)

3 key principles from longer immigration (US/CA) & inclusive countries (FR, IE, UK)

  • Short residence requirement (5-7 yrs)

  • Birthright citizenship (15)

  • Dual nationality for all (18)


Italian results in their european context citizenship reform

Unofficial MIPEX impact assessment of 2009 Sarubbi-Granata Bill

Same goals & trends as old emigration/ new immigration countries (GR, PT)

Only +5 overall, because restrictive conditions/security as for LTR and following other trends in West Europe

Some public interest, but political will?


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