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The role of attachment representations on the phenomenology of relationship-specific autobiographical memories . Sezin Oner & Sami Gulgoz Koc University Istanbul , Turkey. Attachment theory ( Bowlby , 1080) Internal working models develop from interactions with

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Sezin oner sami gulgoz koc university istanbul turkey

The role of attachment representations on the phenomenology of relationship-specific autobiographical memories

Sezin Oner & Sami Gulgoz

KocUniversity

Istanbul,Turkey

SARMAC X, 2013

Rotterdam, Netherlands


Sezin oner sami gulgoz koc university istanbul turkey

Attachmenttheory(Bowlby, 1080)

  • Internalworkingmodelsdevelopfrominteractionswith

    • “significantothers” and form therelationalschemasthatact as mentalcodes.

  • Attachment-behavioralsystem: “fromthecradletograve”,

    • Guideindividuals’ information-processingand self-regulation in relationalexperiences.


Attachment behavior

Attachmentbehavior

(By R. ChrisFraley, copiedfromhttp://internal.psychology.illinois.edu/~rcfraley/attachment.htm)


Current research

CurrentResearch

  • Goal: Toinvestigatethe role of attachmentanxiety/attachmentavoidance in howwerememberrelationalexperiences.

  • Attachmentanxiety

    • “hyperactivating” self regulationstrategy – underrregulation of affect

      Hypothesis: It is associatedwithhigherreliving, higherrehearsal, higheremotionality

    • Attachmentavoidance

      • “deactivating” behavioralregulationstrategy – overregulation of affect

        Hypothesis: It is associatedwithlessreliving, lessrehearsal, andlessemotionality


Method

Method

  • Participants (N =112) wererecruitedfromKocUniversity in exchangeforcoursecredit

  • Participantswereexcludedifthey

    • have not beeninvolved in anyromanticrelationship (N = 8)

    • did not provideappropriateautobiographialmemoryreport (N = 10)


Method1

Method

Allthemeasureswerecompleted online in thelab.

  • Experiences in CloseRelationships-II (ECR-II)

    • Attachmentanxietyandattachmentavoidance

  • Demographicinformation

  • Relationshipstatus

    • Areyoucurrently in a romanticrelationship?

      • Ifyeshowlong?

      • If no, haveyoubeen in anyromanticrelationship?

        • Ifyes, howlongago?


Method2

Method

  • Askedtoreport a negativememorythattheyexperienced in theirromanticrelationships

  • MemoryCharacteristicsQuestionnaire

    • Toassesseventqualities at retrievalsuch as intensity, vividness, visual perspective, importance, rehearsal.


Sample overview

SampleOverview


How does attachment style influence memory phenomenology

Howdoesattachmentstyleinfluencememoryphenomenology?

Predictors

  • Attachmentanxiety (Att_Anx)

  • Attachmentavoidance (Att_Avo)

  • Interactionbtw. Att_Anx & Att_Avo

Dependentvariables

  • Emotionalintensity

  • Reliving

  • Involuntaryremembering

  • Voluntaryremembering

  • Importance

  • Consequentiality

  • Self-relatedness

  • Reality

  • Time since event

  • Stepwiseregressionanalyseswith;


How does attachment style influence memory phenomenology1

Howdoesattachmentstyleinfluencememoryphenomenology?

  • Emotionality (Emotionalintensity at the time of theevent)


How does attachment style influence memory phenomenology2

Howdoesattachmentstyleinfluencememoryphenomenology?

  • Reliving


Sezin oner sami gulgoz koc university istanbul turkey

  • Involuntaryremembering

  • Voluntaryremembering (Thinking + Talking)


How does attachment style influence memory phenomenology3

Howdoesattachmentstyleinfluencememoryphenomenology?

  • Importance


How does attachment style influence memory phenomenology4

Howdoesattachmentstyleinfluencememoryphenomenology?

  • Time since event


How does attachment style influence memory phenomenology5

Howdoesattachmentstyleinfluencememoryphenomenology?

On the contrary to our predictions, attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance were not significant in predicting:

  • Emotional intensitiy at the time of retrieval

  • Consequentiality

  • Self-relatedness

  • Reality

  • Confidence for the exact timing of the event


Discussion

Discussion

  • Attachmentanxietyandattachmentavoidancewerefoundto be associatedwithhowwerememberexperiences in romanticrelationships.

  • Not allmemorycharacteristicsareinfluenced!

  • Attachmentdimensionshaveratherdifferentialeffects on eachmemorycharacteristic.


Discussion1

Discussion

  • Individualswithhighattachmentanxietytendtoreport

    • morereliving

    • moreinvoluntaryremembering

    • morevoluntaryrehearsal

  • Individualswithhighattachmentavoidancetendtoreport

    • lessintenseemotions at the time of theevent

    • lessinvoluntaryremembering

    • lessvoluntaryrehearsal

    • lessimportanceattributedtotheevent

    • earliermemories


Questions for future research

Questionsforfutureresearch

  • Is theeffectsimilarforpositivelyvalancedmemories?

  • Doesreportingorderinfluencetheeffect of attachmentanxietyor/andattachmentavoidance?

  • Doestheemotionalstate at retrievalelevate/decreasetheinfluence of attachmentanxiety vs. attachmentavoidance?

  • Areexecutiveresourcesallocateddifferently in individualswithdifferentattachmentstyles?


Questions comments

Questions & Comments?

For any questions, suggestions,

please email to: [email protected]


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