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The role of attachment representations on the phenomenology of relationship-specific autobiographical memories . Sezin Oner & Sami Gulgoz Koc University Istanbul , Turkey. Attachment theory ( Bowlby , 1080) Internal working models develop from interactions with

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slide1

The role of attachment representations on the phenomenology of relationship-specific autobiographical memories

Sezin Oner & Sami Gulgoz

KocUniversity

Istanbul,Turkey

SARMAC X, 2013

Rotterdam, Netherlands

slide2

Attachmenttheory(Bowlby, 1080)

  • Internalworkingmodelsdevelopfrominteractionswith
    • “significantothers” and form therelationalschemasthatact as mentalcodes.
  • Attachment-behavioralsystem: “fromthecradletograve”,
    • Guideindividuals’ information-processingand self-regulation in relationalexperiences.
attachment behavior
Attachmentbehavior

(By R. ChrisFraley, copiedfromhttp://internal.psychology.illinois.edu/~rcfraley/attachment.htm)

current research
CurrentResearch
  • Goal: Toinvestigatethe role of attachmentanxiety/attachmentavoidance in howwerememberrelationalexperiences.
  • Attachmentanxiety
    • “hyperactivating” self regulationstrategy – underrregulation of affect

Hypothesis: It is associatedwithhigherreliving, higherrehearsal, higheremotionality

    • Attachmentavoidance
      • “deactivating” behavioralregulationstrategy – overregulation of affect

Hypothesis: It is associatedwithlessreliving, lessrehearsal, andlessemotionality

method
Method
  • Participants (N =112) wererecruitedfromKocUniversity in exchangeforcoursecredit
  • Participantswereexcludedifthey
    • have not beeninvolved in anyromanticrelationship (N = 8)
    • did not provideappropriateautobiographialmemoryreport (N = 10)
method1
Method

Allthemeasureswerecompleted online in thelab.

  • Experiences in CloseRelationships-II (ECR-II)
    • Attachmentanxietyandattachmentavoidance
  • Demographicinformation
  • Relationshipstatus
    • Areyoucurrently in a romanticrelationship?
      • Ifyeshowlong?
      • If no, haveyoubeen in anyromanticrelationship?
        • Ifyes, howlongago?
method2
Method
  • Askedtoreport a negativememorythattheyexperienced in theirromanticrelationships
  • MemoryCharacteristicsQuestionnaire
    • Toassesseventqualities at retrievalsuch as intensity, vividness, visual perspective, importance, rehearsal.
how does attachment style influence memory phenomenology
Howdoesattachmentstyleinfluencememoryphenomenology?

Predictors

  • Attachmentanxiety (Att_Anx)
  • Attachmentavoidance (Att_Avo)
  • Interactionbtw. Att_Anx & Att_Avo

Dependentvariables

  • Emotionalintensity
  • Reliving
  • Involuntaryremembering
  • Voluntaryremembering
  • Importance
  • Consequentiality
  • Self-relatedness
  • Reality
  • Time since event
  • Stepwiseregressionanalyseswith;
how does attachment style influence memory phenomenology1
Howdoesattachmentstyleinfluencememoryphenomenology?
  • Emotionality (Emotionalintensity at the time of theevent)
slide13

Involuntaryremembering

  • Voluntaryremembering (Thinking + Talking)
how does attachment style influence memory phenomenology5
Howdoesattachmentstyleinfluencememoryphenomenology?

On the contrary to our predictions, attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance were not significant in predicting:

  • Emotional intensitiy at the time of retrieval
  • Consequentiality
  • Self-relatedness
  • Reality
  • Confidence for the exact timing of the event
discussion
Discussion
  • Attachmentanxietyandattachmentavoidancewerefoundto be associatedwithhowwerememberexperiences in romanticrelationships.
  • Not allmemorycharacteristicsareinfluenced!
  • Attachmentdimensionshaveratherdifferentialeffects on eachmemorycharacteristic.
discussion1
Discussion
  • Individualswithhighattachmentanxietytendtoreport
    • morereliving
    • moreinvoluntaryremembering
    • morevoluntaryrehearsal
  • Individualswithhighattachmentavoidancetendtoreport
    • lessintenseemotions at the time of theevent
    • lessinvoluntaryremembering
    • lessvoluntaryrehearsal
    • lessimportanceattributedtotheevent
    • earliermemories
questions for future research
Questionsforfutureresearch
  • Is theeffectsimilarforpositivelyvalancedmemories?
  • Doesreportingorderinfluencetheeffect of attachmentanxietyor/andattachmentavoidance?
  • Doestheemotionalstate at retrievalelevate/decreasetheinfluence of attachmentanxiety vs. attachmentavoidance?
  • Areexecutiveresourcesallocateddifferently in individualswithdifferentattachmentstyles?
questions comments
Questions & Comments?

For any questions, suggestions,

please email to: [email protected]

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