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Port Orford Ocean Resource Team: Partnering Local and Scientific Knowledge With GIS for Community-based Management. Vicki A. Wedell, Oregon State University David Revell, University of California Santa Cruz. AAAS Annual Meeting Feb 13 th 2004. Today’s Presentation. Background

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Vicki a wedell oregon state university david revell university of california santa cruz

Port Orford Ocean Resource Team: Partnering Local and Scientific Knowledge With GIS for Community-based Management

Vicki A. Wedell, Oregon State University

David Revell, University of California Santa Cruz

AAAS Annual Meeting Feb 13th 2004


Today s presentation

Today’s Presentation

Background

  • Physical setting

  • Management Context

  • The Port of Port Orford

  • Port Orford Ocean Resource Team

    Participatory GIS Research Design and Methods

  • Local knowledge interviews

  • Data Aggregation

  • Initial results

  • Conclusions


Port orford

Port Orford...

Latitude/Longitude: 42 44 45 N / 124 29 46 W

Cape Blanco

Coos Bay

Charleston

Oregon

Port Orford

Bandon

Port Orford

Port Orford Dock

Gold Beach

www.pcouncil.org

Active Tectonics Lab, OSU


Current management context

Current Management Context

  • 1996 Sustainable Fisheries Act (MSFCMA)

    • Standard 8: we must assess impacts to fishing communities

    • Issue of scale

  • Pacific groundfish crisis

    (NOAA Fisheries Jan 2000)

    • Quota reductions

    • 50% capacity reduction

    • 100-250 fathom in-season shelf closure

Port Orford


The port orford fishing community

The Port Orford Fishing Community

  • Small scale fishing-dependant community

    • ~40 vessels (<45 feet)

    • 100-150 people involved in commercial fishing (10-15% of population)

    • 40 fishing families

  • No Coast Guard Station

73% of interviewees participate in 4-7 different fisheries


Current fisheries executed

Changes caused by Mgt. Regulations

Current Fisheries Executed


Port orford ocean resources team poort

Local Advisory Board

Science Advisory Committee

Project Manager

Communications Coordinator

The key to our success!

Port Orford Ocean Resources Team(POORT)

POORT Vision: A sustainable fishery that combines the best science and local experiential knowledge for the community to make local fishery management decisions.


From vision to results

From Vision to Results…

Science and Management ?s

Spatial data to answer ?s

Existing

New

Interviews

Coop. Research

Basemaps

Substrate

Fish Counts

Urchins

Etc…

Socio-econ.

Biological


Http www coastalatlas net

ODFW Nearshore Rocky Reef Project (1997-2000)

http://www.coastalatlas.net

Some Coastal Atlas layers…

1996 ODFW Fish Survey

Seafloor Mapping Lab, OSU

NOAA Nautical Charts


Groundfish fleet restructuring and information analysis project

Groundfish Fleet Restructuring and Information Analysis Project

High resolution case study of Port Orford

GIS Layers

Conceptual Model


Documenting local knowledge

Pilot interview and community presentation

Validation interviews with participants

Community validation workshop

Create base maps and interview protocol

Incorporate edits and create final inventory maps

Conduct LKI with community members

Transcribe and digitize individual interviews

Aggregate individual maps into draft inventory

Documenting Local Knowledge

In progress


Vicki a wedell oregon state university david revell university of california santa cruz

GIS base maps: communication & process tool

  • Nautical charts

  • Fathom contours

  • Local place names

    • –focus group


Vicki a wedell oregon state university david revell university of california santa cruz

Local knowledge interviews

  • Confidentiality Agreements

  • Semi-structured interviews

    • Demographics & vessel information

    • Distribution of human uses

    • Relative economic importance

    • Distribution of species and resources

    • Open microphone

  • Location information recorded

    • Drew on acetate overlays

    • Verbally referenced place name

    • Depth delineated areas


Lki participants

LKI Participants

33 interviews with 36 people

24 Commercial fishermen2 Divers

3 Recreational fishermen3 Buyers

4 Recreationalists2 Scientists

Average age: 51 years

Average experience: 20+ years

31 males: 5 females


Vicki a wedell oregon state university david revell university of california santa cruz

Port Orford commercial fishermen

  • ~50% Port Orford vessels represented, average length: 34 feet

  • 17 owners and/or captains

  • 7 deckhands

    • 524 years combined experience

    • 24 years average experience

  • 7 second-generation fishermen

  • 1 third generation fisherman

  • 20/25 work a combined total of over 2200 days/year on the ocean, presently averaging ~120 days/year


Data aggregation

Data aggregation

  • Convert vector data into 30 m grid

  • Assigned grid cell value of 1 for polygon presence and 0 for absence

  • Cumulative totals for each grid cell

  • Nearest neighbor analysis (6 cell focal mean) to smooth the data.

  • Data classified using an equal area distribution of 7 classes and re-categorized into Low, Medium, and High usage.

Thanks to our partners at Ecotrust, especially Charles!


Vicki a wedell oregon state university david revell university of california santa cruz

Dungeness crab

PO


Vicki a wedell oregon state university david revell university of california santa cruz

Salmon

PO


Vicki a wedell oregon state university david revell university of california santa cruz

Halibut

High Spot

PO


Vicki a wedell oregon state university david revell university of california santa cruz

Sablefish (aka black cod)

Bandon

High Spot

PO

Canyon


Vicki a wedell oregon state university david revell university of california santa cruz

Relative economic importance of sablefish

High Spot

Canyon


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • To meet requirements of the Sustainable Fisheries Act 1996 Standard 8, we need to address community issues at the community level. It comes down to a matter of scale. For Port Orford 150m is appropriate.

  • Local knowledge interviews are a successful tool to understand a fishing community, its resources, and dependence on various areas.

  • Coupling scientific and local knowledge in GIS is a powerful way to support community management objectives.

  • Spatial representation of human uses, economic dependence, and species distribution can guide area-based management strategies including: local area management and/or the selection of less controversial areas for MPAs.


Next steps for poort

Next Steps for POORT

Phase II

  • More in depth economic surveys and spatial analysis

  • Cooperative research projects: port sampling and genetic research

    Future Phases:

  • Develop a management plan and long-term monitoring program

  • Examine Substrate/Species Relationships


Thank you

Thank You

  • Funders:

  • Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies

  • Environmental Defense

  • NOAA Cooperative Research

  • Penny Family Fund

  • Oregon Coastal Management Program Ocean Enhancement Grant

  • Data:

  • ODFW

  • Coastal Atlas

  • Dr. Chris Goldfinger Lab – OSU

  • Ecotrust

Partners:

  • Port Orford Ocean Resources Team

  • Port Orford Community

  • Terra Cognita – OSU GIS lab

  • Pacific Marine Conservation Council

  • Surfrider Foundation


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