Advanced Word Power (AWP) Chapter 3. AWP: CHAPTER 3 WORDS:. COALESCE. INSOLVENT. PARSIMONIOUS. DECADENCE. EXEMPLARY. PRODIGAL. EXUBERANCE. SURREPTITIOUS. INCIDENTAL. WRITHE. AWP: CH. 3 - TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT:. 1. coalesce ( kō’ə- lĕs ’ ) - verb.
AWP: CHAPTER3 WORDS:
AWP: CH. 3 - TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT:
1. coalesce (kō’ə-lĕs’) - verb
Four block associations in our neighborhood will coalesce to form a single task force.
a. to join b. to produce c. to come into being
2. decadence (dĕk’ə-dəns) - noun
Grandfather considers the internal combustion engine a sign of the decadence of Western civilization. “Stop the decay before it’s too late!” he says. “Get out of your cars, get on your feet, and walk!”
a. a disappointment b. a decline c. disapproval
3. exemplary (ĭg-zĕm’plə-rē) - adjective
The year, the “Teacher of the Year” award was given to not one but two exemplary instructors.
a. excellent b. extra c. exotic
4. exuberance (ĭg-zū’bər-əns) - noun
Children may believe they are the only ones who are happy to see summer vacation arrive, but their teachers feel some exuberance, too!
a. fear b. boredom c. joy
5. incidental (ĭn’sĭ-dĕn’tl) - adjective
Rita and Jen moved in together so they could split the rent, but an incidental effect is that they can borrow each other’s clothes.
a. secondary b. incorrect c. secret
6. insolvent (ĭn-sŏl’vənt) - adjective
Barry lost his head when he got his first credit card. He went on a spending spree, couldn’t pay his bills, and ended up insolvent.
a. without money b. without friends c. without goals
7. parsimonious (pär’sə-mō’nē-əs) - adjective
The boss, a parsimonious man, insists that we save old memos and letters and use the backs of pages as note paper.
a. stingy b. mischievous c. talented
8. prodigal (prŏd’ĭ-gəl) - adjective
Mary and Kim both make decent salaries. They could live comfortably on what they make if they weren’t such prodigal spenders.
a. useful b. extravagant c. careful
9. surreptitious (sŭr’əp-tĭsh’əs) - adjective
As the wedding reception ended, several guests made surreptitious trips to the parking lot, where they tied tin cans and crepe paper to the newlyweds’ car.
a. straightforward b. useless c. secret
10. writhe (rīth) - verb
Grandpa remembers the scratchy long underwear he wore to school in the winter: “It was so itchy that I would writhe and wriggle at my desk all day long.”
a. freeze b. squeeze c. squirm
AWP: CH. 3 - MATCHING WORDS WITH DEFINITIONS:
1. ______________ Too thrifty; (stingy); miserly
2. ____________ Wasteful and reckless with money; (extravagant)
3. ____________ High-spirited enthusiasm (joy)
4. ____________ To twist and turn, as in pain or discomfort (squirm)
5. ____________ A condition of moral deterioration; decay (decline)
6. ____________ Worthy of imitation; praiseworthy (excellence)
7. ____________ Unable to pay debts; penniless (without money)
8. ____________ To merge to form one whole (to join)
9. _____________ Done in a secret or sly way; stealthy (secret)
10. ____________ Occurring as a minor consequence of something more important (secondary)