The First U.S. Presidencies. America’s 1 st , 2 nd and 3 rd Presidents: Washington, Adams and Jefferson. Bill of Rights – 1 st Amendment. Combination of five basic freedoms Put in your own words! Do Americans have an absolute right to free speech? Schenck v. United States.
The First U.S. Presidencies
America’s 1st, 2nd and 3rd Presidents:
Washington, Adams and Jefferson
A. Cabinet: President’s chief advisors
B. Judiciary Act of 1789: outlined the makeup of the Supreme Court and established lower federal courts
C. Bill of Rights: Passed by Congress as a result of the ratification debates between Federalists & Anti-Federalists.
Married into wealth
Believed in a strong central government
Favored commerce and industry (north!)
Devised a National Bank
Spoke for the “common man”
Believed in states’ rights
Represented farming interests (south!)
Felt the Constitution did not allow for the creation of a National Bank
“Compromise of 1790” = debate over national bank leads to establishment the capital at Washington, DC
Washington warned against “political partisanship.”
He encouraged Americans to avoid “entangling alliances.”
Washington warned against secession. “Stay loyal to the union.”
Washington warned against sectionalism.
“We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.”
Haiti and needing $ to
fight British, Napoleon
sells all LA for $15 mill,
> doubling size of the US
Why might the LA Purchase have been an
embarrassment to Jefferson?
Toussaint L’ouverture, the “George Washington” of Haiti.
Napoleon, Emperor of France, 1799-1814
wanted war because:
anthem “Star Spangled Banner” by Francis Scott Key.
Upsurge in American nationalism.
Treaty of Ghent (1814)
“Status quo ante bellum” no territory gained or lost.
Both sides agreed to stop the fighting.