Day 5 checking an ill or injured person
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Day 5: Checking an ill or injured person. Bellringer #5 On page 711 in the Health book: Define the terms “choking”, “universal distress signal”, and “abdominal thrusts”. On page 715 in the Health book: Define the term “rescue breathing”. Checking an ill of injured person. For an Adult :

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Day 5: Checking an ill or injured person

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Day 5: Checking an ill or injured person

Bellringer #5

On page 711 in the Health book:

  • Define the terms “choking”, “universal distress signal”, and “abdominal thrusts”.

  • On page 715 in the Health book:

    • Define the term “rescue breathing”


  • Checking an ill of injured person

    • For an Adult:

      • Check the scene

      • Check the person

        • Tap shoulder and shout, ”are you okay?”

      • No Response, CALL 911

        • If alone call 911 first before giving care

      • Open airway (tilt head, lift chin) – Checking for signs of life for no more then 10 seconds


    Head Tilt Chin Lift


    If Breathing, place in recovery position and monitor ABC’s


    If not breathing:

    • Give 2 Breaths

      • If breaths go in

        • Give cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths.

      • Continue CPR until—

        • Scene becomes unsafe

        • You find a sign of life

        • AED is ready to use

        • You are too exhausted to continue

        • Another trained responder arrives and takes over


    Rescue Breaths:

    • Tilt head and lift chin, then pinch the nose shut.

    • Take a breath and make a complete seal over he person’s mouth.

    • Blow to make chest clearly rise.

      • Each breath should last about 1 second


    If not breathing: Choking

    • Give 2 Breaths

      • If breaths DO NOT go in

        • Retilt and try again

      • If breaths still do not go in

        • Give 30 chest compressions

        • Look for an object

          • Remove it if one is seen

        • Try 2 rescue breaths

      • If breaths still do not go in

        • Continue previous steps until breaths go in

      • If breaths go in

        • Check for signs of life

        • Give care based on conditions you find


    Checking an ill of injured person

    • For a Child or Infant:

      • Check the scene

      • Check the person

        • Tap shoulder and shout, ”are you okay?”

      • No Response, CALL 911

        • If alone give about 2 minutes of care first then call 911

      • Open airway (tilt head, lift chin) – Checking for signs of life for no more then 10 seconds


    If Breathing, place in recovery position and monitor ABC’s


    If not breathing:

    • Give 2 Breaths

      • If breaths go in

        • Check pulse

        • Child – Carotid artery

        • Infant – Brachial artery


    If not breathing:Choking

    • Give 2 Breaths

      • If breaths DO NOT go in

        • Retilt and try again

      • If breaths still do not go in

        • Give 30 chest compressions

        • Look for an object

          • Remove it if one is seen

        • Try 2 rescue breaths

      • If breaths still do not go in

        • Continue previous steps until breaths go in

      • If breaths go in

        • Check for signs of life

        • Give care based on conditions you find


    If a pulse but NOT breathing:

    • Give 1 rescue breath about every 3 second.

      • Pinch nose shut

      • Make seal over child’s mouth

      • Blow to make chest clearly rise.

        • Each breath should last about 1 second

      • After about 2 minutes recheck signs of life and pulse for no more tan 10 seconds


    If no pulse:

    • Give cycles of 30 chest compressions and 2 breaths.

    • Continue CPR until—

      • Scene becomes unsafe

      • You find a sign of life

      • AED is ready to use

      • You are too exhausted to continue

      • Another trained responder arrives and takes over


    Chest Compressions


    Conscious Choking – Adult/Child

    • Check scene, then person

    • Have someone call 911

    • Obtain consent (parent or guardian)

    • Lean the person forward and give 5 back blows with the heel of your hand.

    • Give 5 quick, upward abdominal thrusts

      • Just above the navel, thumb inward – grasp with other hand


    Back Blows:


    Abdominal Thrusts:


    Continue back blows and abdominal thrusts until :

    • Object is forced out.

    • Person can breathe or cough forcefully.

      • If a person is coughing do not do anything but encourage them to keep coughing.

    • Person becomes unconscious.


    Conscious Choking - Infant

    • Check scene, then person

    • Have someone call 911

    • Obtain consent from a parent or guardian, if present

    • Give 5 back blows

    • Give 5 Chest thrusts

      • Hold head and neck securely when giving back blows and chest thrusts.


    Back Blows: Infant


    Chest Thrusts: infant


    Continue back blows and chest thrusts until :

    • Object is forced out.

    • Infant can breathe or cough forcefully.

      • If a person is coughing do not do anything but encourage them to keep coughing.

    • Infant becomes unconscious.


    Now lets practice:


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