Assembly Line Organization
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Assembly Line Organization Worker 1 = Head Worker 2 = Hair Worker 3 = Eyes/ Eyebrows PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Assembly Line Organization Worker 1 = Head Worker 2 = Hair Worker 3 = Eyes/ Eyebrows Worker 4 = Nose and Mouth Worker 5 = Ears Worker 6 = Neck/Shirt Worker 7 = Arms and Hands Worker 8 = Pants/ Shoes Worker 9 = Pocket/Pattern on Shirt Worker 10 = Pattern on Pants/ Belt. Period 01.

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Assembly Line Organization Worker 1 = Head Worker 2 = Hair Worker 3 = Eyes/ Eyebrows

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Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Assembly Line Organization

Worker 1 = Head

Worker 2 = Hair

Worker 3 = Eyes/ Eyebrows

Worker 4 = Nose and Mouth

Worker 5 = Ears

Worker 6 = Neck/Shirt

Worker 7 = Arms and Hands

Worker 8 = Pants/ Shoes

Worker 9 = Pocket/Pattern on Shirt

Worker 10 = Pattern on Pants/ Belt


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Period 01

Assembly Line Organization

Worker 1 = Head

Worker 2 = Hair

Worker 3 = Eyes/ Eyebrows

Worker 4 = Nose and Mouth

Worker 5 = Ears

Worker 6 = Neck/Shirt

Worker 7 = Arms and Hands

Worker 8 = Pants/ Shoes

Worker 9 = Pocket/Pattern on Shirt

Worker 10 = Pattern on Pants/ Belt


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Period 02

Assembly Line Organization

Worker 1 = Head

Worker 2 = Hair

Worker 3 = Eyes/ Eyebrows

Worker 4 = Nose and Mouth

Worker 5 = Ears

Worker 6 = Neck/Shirt

Worker 7 = Arms and Hands

Worker 8 = Pants/ Shoes

Worker 9 = Pocket/Pattern on Shirt

Worker 10 = Pattern on Pants/ Belt


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Period 03

Assembly Line Organization

Worker 1 = Head

Worker 2 = Hair

Worker 3 = Eyes/ Eyebrows

Worker 4 = Nose and Mouth

Worker 5 = Ears

Worker 6 = Neck/Shirt

Worker 7 = Arms and Hands

Worker 8 = Pants/ Shoes

Worker 9 = Pocket/Pattern on Shirt

Worker 10 = Pattern on Pants/ Belt


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

C 21: The Industrial Revolution

Why Great Britain?


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Factors for Success (Page 634)

  • Political stability: Free from political instability/ wars

  • Exploration and colonialism: Colonies provided raw materials and markets

  • Government support: laws favored trade/ government sponsored turning to coal to replace depleted forest supply (charcoal)

  • Growth of private investment

  • Enclosure Movement = large labor supply

  • Seapower: to access colonies

  • Navigable rivers

  • Great period of invention!

Why Great Britain?


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Factors of production:land, labor and capital


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Great Period of Invention

Flying Shuttle (John Kay 1733)

Spinning Jenny (1764)

Steam Engine (James Watt 1765)

Water driven Power looms (1785)

Oil Refining methods (1780s)

Interchangeable parts (Eli Whitney 1794)

First steam powered locomotive

(George Stephenson 1815)

Bessemer Process

(Steel) (1856)

Increased width of cloth one person could weave

Steam increased speed and efficiency (100x more thread)

Horsepower

Flying shuttle

Spinning Jenny


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

The Power Loom


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

What impact did the development

of the steam engine have on the growth of industry in Great Britain?

major impact; used in textile mills, factories could be located away from rivers, powered locomotives and ships, led to development of coal as a resource, more factories built near northern coal mines


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

British Pig Iron

Production:

smelted iron ore

with high carbon


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Why Western Countries?

America

Europe/ Japan

  • Political liberty

  • Freedom to compete

  • Rewards reaped

  • Exploitation and improvements

  • Belgium, 1807

  • France, 1815

  • Japan, 1868

  • Germany, 1850

    • Railroads

    • Treaties

  • British restrictions

  • Samuel Slater

    • Slater’s Mill

  • Lowell’s Mill

Industrialization Spreads

Industrialization soon spread to western Europe and the United States. Other regions did not industrialize in the 1800s. What was it about Western countries that encouraged them to embrace industry?


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Capitalism and Competition

New Roles for Business Leaders

  • Old mercantile system restricted trade

  • Laissez-faireeconomics

  • Adam Smith, market economy

  • Thomas Malthus, poverty unavoidable

  • Industrialization succeeded and spread

  • Shift in wealth and power

  • Entrepreneur

  • Banking and finance

  • Andrew Carnegie, rags to riches

  • Robber barons

New Ideas about Economics


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

RESPONSES TO INDUSTRIALIZATION:

Thomas Malthus: Essay on the Principle of Population 1798

  • Population growth willoutpace the food supply.

  • War, disease, or faminecould control population.

  • The poor should have less children.

  • Food supply will then keep up with population.


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Industrial

Housing

TODAY:

Newcastle, England


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Karl Marx

  • More radical socialism

  • Predicted collapse of capitalism

  • Das Kapital

  • Communism

  • Government

    • owns means of production

    • controls economic planning

Robert Owen

  • More hopeful than Malthus

  • Socialism

    • Society owns property

    • Society controls business

  • Model industrial town

  • New Harmony (UTOPIAN SOCIETY)

  • Social democracy

Competing Economic Views

Not everyone agreed that laissez-faire capitalism was good. Two who took a different stance were Robert Owen

and Karl Marx.


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

PURE SOCIALISM: You have two cows. The government

takes them and puts them in a barn with everyone else's

cows. You have to take care of all of the cows.

The government gives you as much milk as you need.

PURE COMMUNISM: You have two cows. Your neighbors

help you take care of them, and you all share the milk.

CAPITALISM: You have two cows. You take care of them

and sell the milk for a profit.


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

The Luddites


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

Home Life

Countries

Societies

  • Worlds of work and home separated

  • “Separate spheres”

  • Business world-without moral controls

  • Women-moral guidance at home

  • Industry-great power

  • Control of other nations’ economies

  • Industrialization of United States

  • Period of immigration to United States

  • Increase in wealth

  • Standard of living improved

  • Leisure time

  • Changes to many aspects of life:

    • Art

    • Politics

    • Transportation

Effects on Society

The rise of new economic ideas was among the countless effects of the Industrial Revolution. The shift away from cottage industries also affected home life and the roles of women in society.


Assembly line organization worker 1 head worker 2 hair worker 3 eyes eyebrows

  • C 21 Sec 2/ assembly line simulation

  • What were some of the positive effects of the Industrial Revolution for the factory owner and for the factory worker? Make sure you identify 3 effects for each group and explain each effect in detail.

  • What were some of the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution for the factory owner and for the factory worker? Make sure you identify 3 effects for each group and explain each effect in detail.

  • C 21 Sec 3:

  • Describe the difference between the old mercantile system and the capitalist system. What role does the government have in each?

  • Describe socialism and communism. What were the objections of each to the capitalist system that developed from the industrial revolution?


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