Unit 4 a house could be destroyed in seconds
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UNIT 4 A HOUSE COULD BE DESTROYED IN SECONDS PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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翰林佳音 BOOK 5. UNIT 4 A HOUSE COULD BE DESTROYED IN SECONDS. 學習使用被動語態. 竹北國中 張翠芸. 被動語態的基本句型 :. 主動句 : S. + V. + O. (ex) John likes Patty. (ex) Kevin opened the windows. 被動句 : S. + BeV. + Vpp. + by+ O. (ex) Patty is liked by John.

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UNIT 4 A HOUSE COULD BE DESTROYED IN SECONDS

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翰林佳音 BOOK 5

UNIT 4A HOUSE COULD BE DESTROYED IN SECONDS

學習使用被動語態

竹北國中 張翠芸


被動語態的基本句型:

  • 主動句:S. + V. + O.

    (ex) John likes Patty.

    (ex) Kevin opened the windows.

  • 被動句: S. + BeV. + Vpp. + by+ O.

    (ex) Patty is liked by John.

    (ex) The windows were opened by Kevin.


何時會使用被動語態?

  • 當句子主詞接受動詞時。

    (ex) My money was stolen by Frank.

    (ex) Her hat was blown away.

  • 當做出動作者的身份不明確、不重要或眾所皆知時, by + O. 可以省略。

    (ex) English is spoken around the world.

    (ex) The windows were broken last night.


各種時態被動語態句型:

  • 現在式: S. + am/is/are + Vpp. + by + O.

  • 過去式: S + was/were + Vpp. + by + O.

  • 未來式: S + will/be going to + be + Vpp. + by + O.

  • 進行式: S + beV. + being + Vpp. + by + O.

  • 授與動詞: S+ beV. + Vpp. + 物品 +by + O.

    物品 +beV. + Vpp. +介係詞+O. + by + O.

  • 使役動詞: S + beV. + 使役Vpp. + to V + by + O.

  • 現在完成式: S + have/has + been + Vpp. + by + O.


The boy loves the girl.

The girl is loved by the boy.


The lady sings a song.

A song is sung by the lady.


The girl eats the watermelon.

The watermelon is eaten by the girl.


The woman grows the plant.

The plant is grown by the woman.


She put the pot plant on the table.

The pot plant was put on the table be her.


He sold his house.

The house was sold by him.


The car hit the tree.

The tree was hit by the car.


The boy read the books.

The books were read by the boy.


The woman will buy a coat.

The coat will be bought by the woman.


The boy will tell a story.

A story will be told by the boy.


The cook is going to cut the beef.

The beef is going to be cut by the cook.


She is going to turn on the light.

The light is going to be turned on by her.


The man is blowing out the candles.

The candles are being blown out by the man.


The beaver is biting the tree.

The tree is being bitten by the beaver.


He is writing a letter.

A letter is being written by him.


The student is spelling the words.

The words are being spelt by the student.


The man sent a letter to his wife.

A letter was sent to his wife by the man.

The man’s wife was sent a letter by him.


Sue

Sandy

Sue gave a gift to Sandy.

A gift was given to Sandy by Sue.

Sandy was given a gift by Sue.


May

Sam

May makes Sam do the housework.

Sam is made to do the housework by May.


The girl’s mom made her eat the food.

The girl was made to eat the food by her mom.


He has covered the vegetables.

The vegetables have been covered by him.


Father has told the story many times.

The story has been told many times by Father.


We have seen the movie.

The movie has been seen by us.


動詞三態變化表:


將下列句子改為被動語態:

  • The farmer waters the flowers every day.

  • The typhoon destroyed the buildings.

  • The workers will move the stons.

  • The students are speaking English.

  • My teacher gave us some books.

  • My friends makes me study hard.

  • I have finished my homework.


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