Teaching Vocabulary
Download
1 / 121

Teaching Vocabulary to Struggling Readers Michael C. McKenna Georgia Southern University - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 131 Views
  • Uploaded on

Teaching Vocabulary to Struggling Readers Michael C. McKenna Georgia Southern University. What is vocabulary?. word-hoard. estuary. argon. id. What is vocabulary?. Speaking vocabulary Listening vocabulary Reading vocabulary Writing vocabulary General vocabulary

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Teaching Vocabulary to Struggling Readers Michael C. McKenna Georgia Southern University' - wendy-rivers


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Teaching Vocabulary

to

Struggling Readers

Michael C. McKenna

Georgia Southern University



Word hoard
word-hoard

estuary

argon

id


What is vocabulary1
What is vocabulary?

  • Speaking vocabulary

  • Listening vocabulary

  • Reading vocabulary

  • Writing vocabulary

  • General vocabulary

  • Technical vocabulary

  • Meaning vocabulary

Modality

Domain


What is vocabulary2
What is vocabulary?

  • Speaking vocabulary

  • Listening vocabulary

  • Reading vocabulary

  • Writing vocabulary

  • General vocabulary

  • Technical vocabulary

  • Meaning vocabulary

Modality

Domain


What is vocabulary3
What is vocabulary?

  • Speaking vocabulary

  • Listening vocabulary

  • Reading vocabulary

  • Writing vocabulary

  • General vocabulary

  • Technical vocabulary

  • Meaning vocabulary

Modality

Domain


What is vocabulary4
What is vocabulary?

  • Speaking vocabulary

  • Listening vocabulary

  • Reading vocabulary

  • Writing vocabulary

  • General vocabulary

  • Technical vocabulary

  • Meaning vocabulary

Modality

Domain


What is vocabulary5
What is vocabulary?

  • Speaking vocabulary

  • Listening vocabulary

  • Reading vocabulary

  • Writing vocabulary

  • General vocabulary

  • Technical vocabulary

  • Meaning vocabulary

Modality

Domain


1755 Dictionary of the

English Language


1755 Dictionary of the

English Language

114,000 words


1755 Dictionary of the

English Language

114,000 words

impertransibility

queck

nould


1755 Dictionary of the

English Language

114,000 words

2005 Oxford English

Dictionary (3rd ed.)


1755 Dictionary of the

English Language

114,000 words

2005 Oxford English

Dictionary (3rd ed.)

660,000+ words


webcam

cyberphobic

doh

2005 Oxford English

Dictionary (3rd ed.)

660,000+ words


English users follow set rules for coining new words, thus adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.


English users follow set rules for coining new words, thus adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.

The postman likes our street because it is dogless.


Are you a adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.

logophile?


50K adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.

40K

30K

20K

10K

0

5,000 •

1,500 •

K 12


50K adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.

40K

30K

20K

10K

0

45,000

17,000

5,000

1,500

K 12


How do we know which words to teach? adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.


Beck and McKeown adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.’s Three Tiers

Tier 3 • Rare words

• 73,500 word families K-12

• Usually content-area related

• Examples: isotope, estuary

Tier 2 • Important to academic success

• 7,000 word families

• Not limited to one content area

• Examples: fortunate, ridiculous

Tier 1 • The most familiar words

• 8,000 word families

• Known by average 3rd grader

• Examples: happy, go


Beck and McKeown adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.’s Three Tiers

Tier 3 • Rare words

• 73,500 word families K-12

• Usually content-area related

• Examples: isotope, estuary

Tier 2 • Important to academic success

• 7,000 word families

• Not limited to one content area

• Examples: fortunate, ridiculous

Tier 1 • The most familiar words

• 8,000 word families

• Known by average 3rd grader

• Examples: happy, go


Beck and McKeown adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.’s Three Tiers

Tier 3 • Rare words

• 73,500 word families K-12

• Usually content-area related

• Examples: isotope, estuary

Tier 2 • Important to academic success

• 7,000 word families

• Not limited to one content area

• Examples: fortunate, ridiculous

Tier 1 • The most familiar words

• 8,000 word families

• Known by average 3rd grader

• Examples: happy, go


Beck and McKeown adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.’s Three Tiers

Tier 3 • Rare words

• 73,500 word families K-12

• Often content-area related

• Examples: isotope, estuary

Tier 2 • Important to academic success

• 7,000 word families

• Not limited to one content area

• Examples: fortunate, ridiculous

Tier 1 • The most familiar words

• 8,000 word families

• Known by average 3rd grader

• Examples: happy, go


Beck and McKeown adding greatly to the number of potential words in the language.’s Three Tiers

Tier 3 • Rare words

• 73,500 word families K-12

• Often content-area related

• Examples: isotope, estuary

Tier 2 • Important to academic success

• 7,000 word families

• Not limited to one content area

• Examples: fortunate, ridiculous

Tier 1 • The most familiar words

• 8,000 word families

• Known by average 3rd grader

• Examples: happy, go



Preteach key words to improve comprehension

Guiding Principle vocabulary?

Preteach key words to improve comprehension.


In 1367, Marain and the settlements ended a seven-year war with the Langurians and Pitoks. As a result of this war, Languria was driven out of East Bacol. Marain would now rule Laman and the other lands that once belonged to Languria. This brought peace to the Bacolean settlements. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Laman. The Bacoleans were happy to be part of Marain in 1367. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the Marish for independence, or freedom from United Marain’s rule.


In 1763, Britain and the colonies ended a seven-year war with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.


Provide more than definitions

Guiding Principle with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Provide more than definitions.


WORD = DEFINITION with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.


WORD = DEFINITION with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Stimulus Response


WORD = DEFINITION with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Stimulus Response

truncate “to cut off”


WORD = DEFINITION with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Stimulus Response

truncate “to cut off”

“She truncated the lights.”


Combine definitions and contextual examples

Combine definitions and contextual examples. with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Guiding Principle


Connotations
Connotations with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

What’s the difference between a fiddle and a violin?


Introduce new words in related clusters

Guiding Principle with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Introduce new words in related clusters.


antennae with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

leg

thorax

wing

abdomen

In content areas,

clustering words is natural!


But general vocabulary words can also be clustered – with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

if you work at it!


Stress the connections among related terms

Guiding Principle with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Stress the connections among related terms.


Stress connections among unrelated terms

Guiding Principle with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Stress connections among unrelated terms.

“Silly Questions”

Would a hermit be gregarious?

Could a virtuoso be a rival?

– Beck & McKeown


Stress connections among unrelated terms1

Guiding Principle with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Stress connections among unrelated terms.


Tie new words to old knowledge

Guiding Principle with the French and Indians. As a result of this war, France was driven out of North America. Britain would now rule Canada and the other lands that once belonged to France. This brought peace to the American colonies. The settlers no longer had to worry about attacks from Canada. The Americans were happy to be part of Britain in 1763. Yet a dozen years later, these same people would be fighting the British for independence, or freedom from Great Britain’s rule.

Tie new words to old knowledge.



Provide brief periodic review

Guiding Principle known.”

Provide brief, periodic review.


Massed vs distributed practice

massed known.”vs.distributedpractice


Maximize the volume of reading that students do

Guiding Principle known.”

Maximize the volume of reading that students do.


The Vocabulary Catch-22 known.”

Children need to learn more words to read well, but they need to read well to learn more words.

McKenna, M.C. (2004). Teaching vocabulary to struggling older readers.

Perspectives, 30(1), 13-16.


Minimize rote copying of definitions

Guiding Principle known.”

Minimize rote copying of definitions.



Some Research-Based Techniques known.”

  • Read-Alouds

  • Semantic Feature Analysis

  • Other Charting Approaches

  • Graphic Organizers

  • Semantic Maps (webs)

  • Word Sorts

  • Word Lines

  • List-Group-Label

  • Possible Sentences


Read alouds

Read-Alouds known.”



Popinary
popinary known.”


Popinary1
popinary known.”

“a fry cook”


humans adult female known.”

woman + +

man + o

girl o +

boy o o


cooks known.”fries makes bakes

things salads

popinary + o o

chef + + +

baker + o + adult female


cooks known.”fries makes bakes

things salads

popinary + o o

chef + + +

baker + o + adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary + o o

chef + + +

baker + o + adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary+ o o

chef + + +

baker + o + adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary+ o o

chef + + +

baker + o + adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary+ o o

chef + + +

baker + o + adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary+ o o

chef+ + +

baker + o + adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary+ o o

chef+ + +

baker+ o + adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary+ o o

chef+ + +

baker+o + adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary+ o o

chef+ + +

baker+o+ adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary+ o o

chef+ + +

baker+++ adult female


cooks fries makes bakes known.”

things salads

popinary+ o o

chef+ + +

bakers++ adult female


Planets Moon/s Rocky Surface Rings known.”

Mercury o + o

Venus o + o

Earth + + o

Mars + + o

Jupiter + o +

Saturn + o +

Uranus + o +

Neptune + o +

Pluto + + o




What s so great about them
What’s so great about them? are related.

  • They help kids “see” abstract content.

  • There is little to “read.”

  • They are easy to construct and discuss.

  • Technical terms can be taught in clusters.

  • They enhance recall and understanding.

  • They have an impressive research base.


Semantic maps

Semantic Maps are related.

(Word Webs)


Founding are related.

Father

Daylight

Savings

Poor Richard’s

Almanac

Ben Franklin

Invented

bifocals

Electricity

(kite)

Philadelphia


Word lines

Word Lines are related.


Hot cold

hot cold are related.


Hot tepid cold

hot tepid cold are related.


Hot tepid cold sweltering

hot tepid cold are related. sweltering


Hot tepid cold sweltering chilly

hot tepid cold are related. sweltering chilly


Hot tepid cold sweltering chilly1

hot are related.tepid coldswelteringchilly


Word sorts

Word Sorts are related.


Open Sort are related.

Categories are not given.

thorax pupa

abdomen antennae

wing larva

adult head

egg leg


Closed Sort are related.

Parts Stages


Closed Sort are related.

Parts Stages

thorax pupa

abdomen egg

wing larva

head adult

leg

antennae


List group label

List-Group-Label are related.


List are related.

Students brainstorm all the words they can recall at the end of a unit.

Group

Students suggest logical ways to group the words.

Label

Students suggest a label for each group they form.


List are related.

Students brainstorm all the words they can recall at the end of a unit.

Group

Students suggest logical ways to group the words.

Label

Students suggest a label for each group they form.


List are related.

Students brainstorm all the words they can recall at the end of a unit.

Group

Students suggest logical ways to group the words.

Label

Students suggest a label for each group they form.


no legs garter are related.

boa

venom

cobra

fang

scales

coral

tail

rattle

copperhead


no legs garter are related.

boa

venom

cobra

fang

scales

coral

tail

rattle

copperhead


no legs garter are related.

boa

venom

cobra

fang

scales

coral

tail

rattle

copperhead

Kinds of Snakes

garter

boa

copperhead

cobra

coral

Things Snakes Might Have

rattle

scales

fang

no legs

venom

tail


no legs garter are related.

boa

venom

cobra

fang

scales

coral

tail

rattle

copperhead

Kinds of Snakes

garter

boa

copperhead

cobra

coral

Things Snakes Might Have

rattle

scales

fang

no legs

venom

tail


Possible sentences

Possible Sentences are related.


Present a list of 8-12 words the students will encounter in the new unit.

Add a few familiar terms.

Ask for sentences containing at least two of the words.

Teach the unit.

Return to the sentences.

Together decide whether they are correct or can be edited to make them so.


Please suggest a sentence containing at least the new unit.two of the following terms:

connotation

word family

lexicon

syntactic clue

distributed practice

eponym

toponym

popinary


What can we do to increase the new unit.

children’s vocabularies in

Title I schools?


1. Make vocabulary a schoolwide goal the new unit.

  • Amend your plan.

  • Establish testable goals.

  • Raise consciousness.

  • Communicate expectations.


2. Provide professional development the new unit.

  • Focus on research-based methods.

  • Ensure ties to actual materials.

  • Provide follow-up to aid implementation.


3. Establish teacher study groups the new unit.

  • Organize groups by grade level.

  • Provide time for discussion.

  • Reward participation.

  • Encourage administrator participation.

  • Select resource books.


4. Consider supplemental and the new unit.

intervention programs

  • Tie their use to assessments.

  • Establish guidelines for use.

  • Locate product reviews.



http://www.fcrr.org the new unit.



ad