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Municipal Court: Fact or Fiction?. Increasing your Knowledge of Texas Law Name Municipal Court City, Texas. Safety Belt Statistics. Safety belt use in 2007- 82% Safety belt use in 2006- 81% 63% of people killed in accidents are not wearing seat belts

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municipal court fact or fiction

Municipal Court:Fact or Fiction?

Increasing your Knowledge of Texas Law

Name

Municipal Court

City, Texas

safety belt statistics
Safety Belt Statistics
  • Safety belt use in 2007- 82%
  • Safety belt use in 2006- 81%
  • 63% of people killed in accidents are not wearing seat belts
  • 18% of the population makes of 63% of fatalities
question 1 the shifty toddler
Question 1: The Shifty Toddler
  • Let’s read the Hypothetical and decide if it is…
  • FACT or FICTION!
question 1 the shifty toddler1
Question 1: The Shifty Toddler
  • Brandon’s son Butch is 6 years old and 4’1” tall. While Brandon was loading the trunk, Butch climbed out of his child safety seat, decided to sit in the other backseat, and buckled himself in. Without noticing, Brandon leaves to take Butch to school.
question 1 continued
Question 1, continued
  • Brandon is pulled over for speeding, and the officer notices Butch sitting next to the empty child seat. Brandon has committed an offense by not keeping Butch in the child safety seat.
  • FACT or FICTION?
question 1 answer
Question 1 Answer
  • FACT!
  • Brandon has committed an offense because Butch was in his child safety seat. Butch needs to be at least 8 or taller than 4’9” tall to not sit in a child safety seat.
transportation code 545 412
Transportation Code § 545.412
  • (a) A person commits an offense if the person operates a passenger vehicle, transports a child who is younger than eight, unless the child is taller than four feet nine inches, and does not keep the child secured during operation in a child passenger safety seat system according to the instructions of the manufacturer of the safety seat system.
question 2 the crammed kid
Question 2: The Crammed Kid
  • Let’s read the hypothetical for Question 2 and decide if it is…
  • FACT or FICTION!
question 2 the crammed kid1
Question 2: The Crammed Kid
  • Uncle Herman has generously offered to help out his sister while she is out of town by driving his four nephews (Hector, Howie, Harry, and Peanut) to and from school. Hector, Howie, and Harry are triplets all aged 4 and 33 inches tall. Peanut is 3 and is 29 inches tall. Uncle Herman’s car has 3 passenger seats (besides his driver’s seat), and all 3 seats are equipped with child safety seats.
question 2 continued
Question 2 continued
  • Peanut, Harry, and Hector have all been secured in the safety seats. While there is no other seat for Howie, Herman was able to wedge him in between two of the child seats in backseat. Herman has committed an offense by allowing Howie to ride in the car without being secured in a safety seat or safety belt.
  • FACT or FICTION?
question 2 answer
Question 2 Answer
  • FICTION!
  • Herman has not committed an offense because all seating positions equipped with safety seats or belts were occupied.
transportation code 545 4121
Transportation Code § 545.412
  • (e) this section does not apply to a person:
    • Operating a vehicle transporting passengers for hire; or
    • Transporting a child in a vehicle in which all seating positions equipped with child passenger safety seat systems or safety belts are occupied.
question 3 sally s special seatbelt
Question 3: Sally’s Special Seatbelt
  • Let’s read the hypothetical for Question 3 and decide if it is…
  • FACT or FICTION!
question 3 sally s special seatbelt1
Question 3: Sally’s Special Seatbelt
  • Sensitive Sally’s skin is bothered by the shoulder strap of her safety belt. She decides on her own to wear her safety belt so that the lap portion is across her lap, but the shoulder part (which is designed to cross in front of her torso) is placed behind her torso against the seat.
question 3 continued
Question 3 continued
  • Although Sally is using her safety belt across her lap, she has committed an offense by not wearing the shoulder strap properly.
  • FACT or FICTION?
question 3 answer
Question 3 Answer
  • FACT!
  • According to §§ 545.412(e)(4) & 545.413(h) of the Transportation Code, “Secured” in connection with use of a safety belt means using the lap belt and any shoulder straps according to the instructions of the vehicle (if original equipment) or safety belt (if added to vehicle) manufacturer.
question 4 the retro ride
Question 4: The Retro Ride
  • Let’s read the hypothetical for Question 4 and decide if it is…
  • FACT or FICTION!
question 4 the retro ride1
Question 4: The Retro Ride
  • Grace is 18 and she drives a 1998 sedan that has been modified to look like a sedan from the 1950’s. To make the look more authentic, Grace removed the safety belts from all the seats, as the 1950’s inspiration for her car did not have safety belts.
question 4
Question 4
  • While riding with Grace, Lola (17) is cited for riding in the front seat without using a safety belt. Although there was no safety belt for Lola to use, she is still guilty of the offense.
  • FACT or FICTION?
question 4 answer
Question 4 Answer
  • FACT!
  • Although Lola had no safety belt to use, a seat in a passenger vehicle is considered to be equipped with a safety belt if the vehicle is required to be equipped with safety belts. §545.413(c)
transportation code 547 601
Transportation Code § 547.601
  • A motor vehicle required by Chapter 548 to be inspected shall be equipped with front safety belts if safety belt anchorages were part of the manufacturer’s original equipment on the vehicle.
juveniles and alcohol in municipal courts
Juveniles and Alcohol in Municipal Courts
  • In 2009, there were:
    • 34,745 non-driving juvenile ABC cases filed in municipal courts alone.
    • 2,852 DUI of Alcohol cases filed in municipal courts.
  • Over 37,500 Juvenile Alcohol related cases under the ABC
    • This doesn’t include any Public Intoxication cases filed (which reside in the Penal Code)
minor alcoholic beverage code offenses
Minor Alcoholic Beverage Code Offenses
  • Purchase of alcohol by a minor
  • Attempt to purchase alcohol by a minor
  • Consumption of alcohol by a minor
  • Driving (or boating) under the influence of alcohol by a minor
  • Possession of alcohol by a minor
  • Misrepresentation of age by a minor
  • All are found in the Chapter 106 of the Alcoholic Beverage Code
  • Public Intoxication under the Penal Code (also punished under the ABC)
question 5 the party
Question 5: The Party
  • Let’s read the hypothetical for Question 5 and decide if it is…
  • FACT or FICTION!
question 5 the party1
Question 5: The Party
  • Johnny is 17 and gets invited to a party at his friend Todd’s house. When Johnny arrives, Todd greets him and tells him to have some lemonade. Johnny takes a sip and it tastes awful. Todd laughs and tells him that the lemonade is spiked with alcohol. Johnny didn’t know there would be alcohol at the party and decides to leave and drive home.
question 5 the party2
Question 5: The Party
  • Upon leaving, he forgets to turn on his lights. He gets pulled over and the officer asks if he has been drinking because he smells alcohol. Johnny tells him that his friend tricked him into having one sip and then he left. Johnny is arrested. Johnny has committed the offense of Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol.
  • FACT or FICTION?
question 5 answer
Question 5: Answer
  • FACT!
  • It is an offense for a minor to operate a motor vehicle or a watercraft in a public place while having any detectable amount of alcohol in system.
dui penalties 106 041 abc
DUI Penalties: 106.041 ABC
  • 1st Conviction
    • Max $500 fine
    • Mandatory alcohol awareness class
    • Mandatory 20-40 hrs of alcohol-related community service
    • Administrative DL suspension
dui penalties 106 041 abc1
DUI Penalties: 106.041 ABC
  • 2nd Conviction
    • Max $500 fine
    • Optional alcohol awareness
    • Mandatory 40 to 60 hours of alcohol-related community service
    • Administrative DL suspension
  • 3rd Conviction
    • Enhanceable to include jailtime
statistics
Statistics
  • Underage alcohol use is more likely to kill young people than all illegal drugs combined
  • Approximately 5,000 persons under age 21 die from alcohol-related injuries involving underage drinking each year
  • Approximately 120,000 alcohol-related visits to the emergency department involving people under the age of 21
statistics1
Statistics
  • Compared with non-drinking classmates, teens who drink are more likely to:
    • Die in a car crash
    • Get pregnant
    • Flunk school
    • Be sexually assaulted
    • Become an alcoholic later in life
    • Take their own life through suicide
any other questions
Any other questions?
  • Thank You!
  • Add contact information
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