World history ii sol review
1 / 24

World History II SOL Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

World History II SOL Review . Independence Movements – World Today. Independence in Africa - Overview. Negritude Movement – a movement to celebrate African culture, heritage, and values Right to self-determination (U.N. charter) Peaceful and violent revolutions after World War II

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' World History II SOL Review ' - wenda

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
World history ii sol review

World History IISOL Review

Independence Movements – World Today

Independence in africa overview
Independence in Africa - Overview

  • Negritude Movement – a movement to celebrate African culture, heritage, and values

  • Right to self-determination (U.N. charter)

  • Peaceful and violent revolutions after World War II

  • Resentment toward imperial rule and economic exploitation


  • Bloody – British settlers owned prime farmland in the highlands of Kenya and resisted independence for Kenya

  • Leader – Jomo Kenyatta


  • West Africa – peaceful transition

  • Originally called Gold Coast under the British


  • War for independence from France

South africa
South Africa

  • Struggle against apartheid

  • Led by Nelson Mandela, who became the first black president of South Africa

Religious conflict palestine vs israel
Religious Conflict – Palestine vs. Israel

  • Both Palestinians and Israelis want the same land

  • Creation of Israel in 1948 led to many conflicts between Israel and countries in the Middle East (Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, etc…)

  • 1993 – creation of a Palestinian state (Gaza Strip and West Bank)

Religious conflict ireland and northern ireland
Religious Conflict – Ireland and Northern Ireland

  • Protestants vs. Catholics

  • IRA (Irish Republican Army) – wants a united Ireland (Northern Ireland – part of Great Britain)

  • Today – not an issue

Religious conflict balkans
Religious Conflict - Balkans

  • 1990s – Slovenia and Croatia separate from Yugoslavia

  • Serbian-led Yugoslav army invaded both Croatia and Slovenia – became free from Serbian rule

  • February 1992 – Bosnia Herzegovina declared independence

  • April 1992 – Serbia and Montenegro formed a new Yugoslavia

  • While Bosnian Muslims and Croats supported independence, Bosnian Serbs did not

Religious conflict balkans1
Religious Conflict - Balkans

  • Supported by Serbia, Bosnian Serbs launched a brutal war in 1992 (ethnically cleanse Bosnia Herzegovina of all Muslims)


  • Leader – Gandhi

  • Role of civil disobedience and passive resistance (boycotts and Salt March)

  • Hindu-Muslim conflict

  • 1947 partition – India (Hindus) and Pakistan (Muslims)


  • Was created based on a religious issue and divided into two territories (East and West)

  • Conflict between East and West (linguistic, religious, and regional issues)


  • 1971 – East Pakistan declared its independence

  • East Pakistan became Bangladesh


  • Division of China into two nations at the end of the Chinese civil war

  • Chiang Kai-shek – nationalist China (Taiwan)

  • Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong) – Communist China (mainland China)

  • Continuing conflict

Developed nations
Developed Nations

  • North America and Europe

  • Economic stability - prosperous

  • High literacy rates (most people can read and write)

  • Health care (most people have access to health care)

  • Low birth rate/lowinfant mortality rate

  • Population growth - slow

Developing nations
Developing Nations

  • Africa and Asia

  • Economic Conditions – Poverty

  • Low literacy rate

  • Health care (diseases)

  • High birth rate/high infant mortality rate

  • Growing population – rapid

Impact of new technologies
Impact of New Technologies

  • Widespread but unequal access to computers and instantaneous communications

  • Genetic engineering and bioethics

Factors affecting environment and society
Factors Affecting Environment and Society

  • Economic development (pollution)

  • Rapid population growth (strain on natural resources)

Environmental challenges
Environmental Challenges

  • Pollution

  • Loss of habitat (places to live)

  • Global climate change

Social challenges
Social Challenges

  • Poverty

  • Poor health

  • Illiteracy

  • Famine

  • Migration

Economic interdependence
Economic Interdependence

  • Role of rapid transportation, communication, and computer networks

  • Rise and influence of multinational corporations

  • Changing role of international boundaries

  • Regional integration (European Union – tariff-free trade among European nations)

Economic interdependence1
Economic Interdependence

  • Trade Agreements – North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) – tariff-free trade between U.S., Canada, and Mexico and World Trade Organization (WTO) – monitors trade among nations

  • International Organizations – United Nations + International Monetary Fund (IMF) – offers emergency funds to countries in crisis


  • Refugees as an issue in international conflicts (ex. Palestinian-Israeli conflict forced a lot of Palestinians into Jordan) – people who are forced to leave their homelands because of war, poverty, political problems, and environmental disasters

Migrant workers
Migrant Workers

  • People who leave their homeland to work elsewhere (Ex. Central and South Americans coming to the United States) – guest workers