World history ii sol review
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World History II SOL Review . Independence Movements – World Today. Independence in Africa - Overview. Negritude Movement – a movement to celebrate African culture, heritage, and values Right to self-determination (U.N. charter) Peaceful and violent revolutions after World War II

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World History II SOL Review

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World history ii sol review

World History IISOL Review

Independence Movements – World Today


Independence in africa overview

Independence in Africa - Overview

  • Negritude Movement – a movement to celebrate African culture, heritage, and values

  • Right to self-determination (U.N. charter)

  • Peaceful and violent revolutions after World War II

  • Resentment toward imperial rule and economic exploitation


Kenya

Kenya

  • Bloody – British settlers owned prime farmland in the highlands of Kenya and resisted independence for Kenya

  • Leader – Jomo Kenyatta


Ghana

Ghana

  • West Africa – peaceful transition

  • Originally called Gold Coast under the British


Algeria

Algeria

  • War for independence from France


South africa

South Africa

  • Struggle against apartheid

  • Led by Nelson Mandela, who became the first black president of South Africa


Religious conflict palestine vs israel

Religious Conflict – Palestine vs. Israel

  • Both Palestinians and Israelis want the same land

  • Creation of Israel in 1948 led to many conflicts between Israel and countries in the Middle East (Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, etc…)

  • 1993 – creation of a Palestinian state (Gaza Strip and West Bank)


Religious conflict ireland and northern ireland

Religious Conflict – Ireland and Northern Ireland

  • Protestants vs. Catholics

  • IRA (Irish Republican Army) – wants a united Ireland (Northern Ireland – part of Great Britain)

  • Today – not an issue


Religious conflict balkans

Religious Conflict - Balkans

  • 1990s – Slovenia and Croatia separate from Yugoslavia

  • Serbian-led Yugoslav army invaded both Croatia and Slovenia – became free from Serbian rule

  • February 1992 – Bosnia Herzegovina declared independence

  • April 1992 – Serbia and Montenegro formed a new Yugoslavia

  • While Bosnian Muslims and Croats supported independence, Bosnian Serbs did not


Religious conflict balkans1

Religious Conflict - Balkans

  • Supported by Serbia, Bosnian Serbs launched a brutal war in 1992 (ethnically cleanse Bosnia Herzegovina of all Muslims)


India

India

  • Leader – Gandhi

  • Role of civil disobedience and passive resistance (boycotts and Salt March)

  • Hindu-Muslim conflict

  • 1947 partition – India (Hindus) and Pakistan (Muslims)


Pakistan

Pakistan

  • Was created based on a religious issue and divided into two territories (East and West)

  • Conflict between East and West (linguistic, religious, and regional issues)


Bangladesh

Bangladesh

  • 1971 – East Pakistan declared its independence

  • East Pakistan became Bangladesh


China

China

  • Division of China into two nations at the end of the Chinese civil war

  • Chiang Kai-shek – nationalist China (Taiwan)

  • Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong) – Communist China (mainland China)

  • Continuing conflict


Developed nations

Developed Nations

  • North America and Europe

  • Economic stability - prosperous

  • High literacy rates (most people can read and write)

  • Health care (most people have access to health care)

  • Low birth rate/lowinfant mortality rate

  • Population growth - slow


Developing nations

Developing Nations

  • Africa and Asia

  • Economic Conditions – Poverty

  • Low literacy rate

  • Health care (diseases)

  • High birth rate/high infant mortality rate

  • Growing population – rapid


Impact of new technologies

Impact of New Technologies

  • Widespread but unequal access to computers and instantaneous communications

  • Genetic engineering and bioethics


Factors affecting environment and society

Factors Affecting Environment and Society

  • Economic development (pollution)

  • Rapid population growth (strain on natural resources)


Environmental challenges

Environmental Challenges

  • Pollution

  • Loss of habitat (places to live)

  • Global climate change


Social challenges

Social Challenges

  • Poverty

  • Poor health

  • Illiteracy

  • Famine

  • Migration


Economic interdependence

Economic Interdependence

  • Role of rapid transportation, communication, and computer networks

  • Rise and influence of multinational corporations

  • Changing role of international boundaries

  • Regional integration (European Union – tariff-free trade among European nations)


Economic interdependence1

Economic Interdependence

  • Trade Agreements – North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) – tariff-free trade between U.S., Canada, and Mexico and World Trade Organization (WTO) – monitors trade among nations

  • International Organizations – United Nations + International Monetary Fund (IMF) – offers emergency funds to countries in crisis


Refugees

Refugees

  • Refugees as an issue in international conflicts (ex. Palestinian-Israeli conflict forced a lot of Palestinians into Jordan) – people who are forced to leave their homelands because of war, poverty, political problems, and environmental disasters


Migrant workers

Migrant Workers

  • People who leave their homeland to work elsewhere (Ex. Central and South Americans coming to the United States) – guest workers


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