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Money Ethic Scale Part 4. OCB. Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Bateman & Organ, 1983; Organ, 1988; Organ & Ryan, 1995; Smith, Organ, & Near, 1983; OCB: Altruism Generalized Compliance (Conscientiousness). OCB.

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slide2
OCB

Organizational Citizenship Behavior:

Bateman & Organ, 1983; Organ, 1988; Organ & Ryan, 1995; Smith, Organ, & Near, 1983;

OCB: Altruism

Generalized Compliance (Conscientiousness)

slide3
OCB

Altruism: a class of helping behaviors aimed directly at specific persons

Generalized Compliance (Conscientiousness): a good soldier or good citizen syndrome of doing things that are right and proper, for the sake of the system

ocb motives
OCB Motives
  • A single undifferentiated helping motive (Cnaan & Goldberg-Glen, 1991)
  • A two-dimensional structure:
  • Altruistic, Instrumental (Allen & Rush, 1998; Eastman, 1994)
ocb motives1
OCB Motives

4. Altruistic, Egoistic (Frisch & Gerranrd, 1981)

  • Other-serving, Self-serving (Batson & Shaw, 1991)
  • Personal Value, Egoistic (Puckett & Wagner, 1996)
ocb motives2
OCB Motives

Public Self vs. Private Self (Baumeister, 1986)

Private Self-Serving Motives

Public Other-Serving Motives

private motives
Private Motives

Impression Management

Self-handicapping

Social Exchange

Receiver Characteristics

public motives
Public Motives

Concern for Organization

Organizational Culture

Concern for People

Situational Variable

slide9
OBSE

Organizational members believe that they can satisfy their needs by participating in roles within the context of an organization (Pierce, Gardner, Cummings, & Dunham, 1989)

slide10
OBSE

As such, it is the self-perceived value that employees have of themselves within their employing organization.

slide11
OBSE

OBSE predicts both the Altruism and Conscientiousness dimensions of OCB in American and Mid-eastern cultures (Tang & Ibrahim, 1998)

money and ocb
Money and OCB

The lowest levels of helping behavior have been documented among participants assigned difficult goals and paid on the basis of goal attainment (Wright, George, Farnsworth, & McMahan, 1993)

mes motives obse ocb
MES, Motives, OBSE, & OCB

Whole

.21

.42

Private

Motives

Altruism

.46*

-.18*

.38

.65*

MES

Success

OBSE

.61*

.00

.38

.07

.59*

Public

Motives

Conscientiousness

mes motives obse ocb1
MES, Motives, OBSE, & OCB

The US

.21

.43

Private

Motives

Altruism

.46*

-.17*

.37

.65*

MES

Success

OBSE

.61*

.00

.37

.06

.59*

Public

Motives

Conscientiousness

mes motives obse ocb2
MES, Motives, OBSE, & OCB

Non-US

.19

.69

Private

Motives

Altruism

.43*

-.15*

.64

.83*

MES

Success

OBSE

.38*

.02

.15

-.13*

.78*

Public

Motives

Conscientiousness

mes motives obse ocb3
MES, Motives, OBSE, & OCB

The US

.21

.43

Private

Motives

Altruism

.46*

-.17*

.37

.65*

MES

Success

OBSE

.61*

.00

.37

.06

.59*

Public

Motives

Conscientiousness

mes motives obse ocb4
MES, Motives, OBSE, & OCB

.24

Taiwan

.58

Private

Motives

Altruism

.49*

-.02

.43

.76*

MES

Success

OBSE

.56*

.16

.31

.40*

.66*

Public

Motives

Conscientiousness

mes motives obse ocb5
MES, Motives, OBSE, & OCB

Poland

.35

.34

Private

Motives

Altruism

.59*

.02

.29

.59*

MES

Success

OBSE

.27*

.02

.07

.13

.54*

Public

Motives

Conscientiousness

mes motives obse ocb6
MES, Motives, OBSE, & OCB

Egypt

.16

.93

Private

Motives

Altruism

.39*

-.26*

.50

.96*

MES

Success

OBSE

.89*

.01

.80

-.11

.64*

Public

Motives

Conscientiousness

culture free etic paths
Culture Free (etic) Paths

1. MES  Private Motives

2. Public Motives  OBSE  Altruism

mes motives obse ocb7
MES, Motives, OBSE, & OCB

etic

Private

Motives

Altruism

*

*

MES

Success

OBSE

*

Public

Motives

Conscientiousness

materialism and money ethic
Materialism and Money Ethic

In popular usage, materialism more often refers to a “devotion to material needs and desires (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989)

The importance a consumer attaches to worldly possessions (Belk, 1985; p. 265)

materialism and money ethic1
Materialism and Money Ethic

The worship of things (Bredemeier & Toby, 1960, p. 77)

3 elements:

1. Acquisition Centrality

2. Acquisition as the pursuit of Happiness

  • Possession-defined Success

(Richins & Dawson, 1990, 1992)

materialism and money ethic2
Materialism and Money Ethic

Materialism  Money Ethic

Money Ethic  Materialism

mes materialism
MES  Materialism

.54*

Materialism

Age

.74*

-.14*

Sex

-.02

.03

MES

-.17*

Education

materialism mes
Materialism  MES

Age

-.09*

.01

Materialism

-.04

Sex

-.07

.57*

Education

.32

MES

discussion
Discussion
  • Money is important for people in the USA and around the world.
  • Income has a significant impact on the American people’s Money Ethic endorsement.
  • Money can be used to attract, retain, and motivate employees.
discussion1
Discussion
  • American people who value money have high voluntary turnover regardless of their intrinsic job satisfaction. Money attitude (Money Ethic) has a significant impact on work-related attitudes and behavior.
  • Money Ethic Scale will be a useful tool for researchers and practitioners in HRM and OB fields.
thank you
Thank You

Danke

Dankeshen

Grazie

Merci

Muchas Gracias

money and the agency theory
Money and the Agency Theory
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  • It provides a theoretical framework to predict the basis of pay for “nonprogrammable” jobs, or jobs consisting of tasks that are difficult to structure and where incumbents enjoy extensive discretion (Gomez-Mejia & Balkin, 1992)
pay performance linkage 190 private universities
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  • Research Institutions
  • Doctorate-Granting I Institutions
  • Liberal-Arts Institutions
  • Expenditures
  • Type of Institution
  • Academic Reputation Ranking
  • Mid-point SAT Scores
  • Tang, Tang, & Tang
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  • Research/Doctoral**
  • Law, Business, Medical Schools*
  • Region
  • Reputation**
  • SAT, Year Founded
  • Faculty, Student
  • Tuition
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CEO Benefits
  • Expenditures***
  • Research/Doctoral***
  • Law, Business, Medical Schools
  • Region
  • Reputation**
  • SAT, Year Founded
  • Faculty, Student
  • Tuition*
ceo total compensation
CEO Total Compensation
  • Expenditures***
  • Research/Doctoral**
  • Law, Business, Medical Schools
  • Region
  • Reputation*
  • SAT, Year Founded
  • Faculty, Student
  • Tuition**
derek bok 1993 the cost of talent
Derek Bok (1993):The Cost of Talent
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  • Are some people paid too much and others too little?
  • What effect do differences in earnings have on the career choices of the talented?
  • Do we pay executives and professionals in ways that motivate them to work hard at the right things?
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