Demography. Recreation of Ukraine population. Demography is the science about population (from Greek “dēmos“ - the populace, "graphein" - to write), or the statistics of population. The statistical study of population is conducted in two basic directions:.
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Demography is the science about population (from Greek “dēmos“ - the populace, "graphein" - to write), or the statistics of population.
The census of population is a large-scale statistical research, the purpose of which is getting exact information about quantity and structure of population of this or that country.
In the world practice the censuses of population are taken once in 5-10 years. The first and unique general census in the Tsar Russia was taken in 1897.
The purpose of the first all-Ukrainian censuswas to get objective information about the changes which took place during the last decade in social-economic life and under independent Ukraine, creation of database of demographic and social-economic information both for the whole country and for all of its administrative-territorial levels in relation to the quantity of population, its national, linguistic, domestic composition, structure by age, sex, citizenship, level of education, sources of income, professional criteria, employment, migratory activity, etc. Basic features of modern censuses of population are: generality, unity of the program, registration for certain date.
The process of decrepitude of population pulls out the important problems before the system of organs and establishments of health protection:
By the territorial principle:
By the duration:
In the item 159 of the Code it is defined, that the acts of the civil state are registered in district centers, districts of cities of Kiev and Sevastopol by the appropriate departments of registration of registry Office of local state administrations, in towns and in the districts of cities of regional submission by the departments of registry Office of executive committees of the proper Rada of national deputies, and in rural area and settlements.
Pursuant to the item 163 of the Code, the registration of birth is conducted after a birth-place of the child or his/ her parents, or one of them, on the written or oral statement of parents or one of them, and in the case of illness, or the death of parents or impossibility for them on other reasons to register the birth - on the statement of relatives or other persons or administration of medical establishment, which a mother during birth of child was in.
Responsibility for the report in the organs of civil registration about a birth of dead child, about birth and death of child, which died on the first week of life, is laid:
Together they make from 85 to 95 % of all cases of death.
A maternal death rate is the statistical concept related to the death of woman during pregnancy or during 42 days after its ending, regardless of duration and localization of pregnancy, from some reason related to pregnancy either by burdened by its conduct, but not from an accident or other casual reasons.
Main groups of factors that influence on the formation of death rate
The parent’s health
The quality of health care
The state of environment
The way of life
The middle expected life-span that is the middle number of years, that it is required to live to the generation which was born (to the persons of the same age of certain age) subject to the condition, if during a next life the indices of death rate will be the same, as well as in years, for which it was figured on.