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1. Copy the following on NB p. 33. (Skip a line between each.) The War of 1812 led to
Henry Clay was
Henry Clay’s plan to make the United States economically self-sufficient was called
The three parts of the American System were
The National Road was
Water transportation improved because
The Erie Canal resulted in
Another form of transportation in use by 1830 was
As a result of improvements in rail travel
2. CHAPTER 11 – NATIONAL AND REGIONAL GROWTH Section 3 – Nationalism and Sectionalism Today we will explain how improvements in transportation led to greater national unity.
3. Vocabulary explain – give reasons why
transportation – what moves people or goods from place to place
national unity – measure of how well people in the nation are in agreement
nationalism – strong feelings of support for one’s country
4. What We Already Know From 1812 to 1815, the United States and Britain fought a war over impressment and freedom of the seas.
5. What We Already Know The war was spurred on by a group of young Congressmen known as the War Hawks, led by Henry Clay from Kentucky.
6. What We Already Know Men like Robert Fulton and Henry Shreve Miller had developed steam ships that opened much of the nation’s interior to trade.
7. After the War of 1812, a wave of nationalism swept across the United States. Nationalism is a feeling of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward your country.
8. After the War of 1812, a wave of nationalism swept across the United States. Nationalism is a feeling of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward your country.
9. Clay’s plan to strengthen the country and unify its regions was based on making the country more self-reliant. “Every nation should anxiously endeavor to establish its absolute independence, and consequently be able to feed and clothe and defend itself. If it rely upon a foreign supply that may be cut off . . . it cannot be Independent.”
10. Nationalism Unites the Country In 1815, President Madison presented a plan to Congress for making the United States economically self-sufficient.
11. Nationalism Unites the Country The plan – which Henry Clay promoted as the American System – included three main actions:
a system of protective tariffs
a national bank
a series of improvements to the country’s transportation systems (roads and canals)
These are often referred to as internal improvements.
12. The protective tariff made European goods more expensive and encouraged Americans to buy cheaper American-made products.
13. A national bank would make trade easier by promoting a single currency.
14. Improving the country’s transportation systems would contribute to a strong economy, because poor roads made transportation slow and costly.
15. Roads and Canals Link Cities Between 1806 and 1841, Congress had funded the construction of the National Road linking Cumberland, Maryland, to Vandalia, Illinois.
Water transportation also improved between 1825 and 1850, which is often called the Age of Canals.
16. Roads and Canals Link Cities The first canal major canal project completed was the massive Erie Canal.
The Erie Canal created a water route between New York City and Buffalo, New York.
Completed in 1825, the canal opened the upper Ohio Valley and the Great Lakes region to settlement and trade.
17. The Erie Canal stimulated nationalism.
18. Trade stimulated by the canal helped New York City become the nation’s largest city.
19. A New Way to Travel
Around the 1830s, the nation began to use steam-powered trains for transportation.
In 1830, only about 30 miles of track existed in the United States.
By 1850, the number had climbed to 9,000 miles.
Improvements in rail travel led to a decline in the use of canals.