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On the Difference between China’s Work Safety Standardization and OHSMS. Guoping-Xu, Ph.d, Professor ,President of SEPRI, China. Which is the situation in China…

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On the Difference between China’s Work Safety Standardization and OHSMS

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On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

On the Difference between

China’s Work Safety Standardization and OHSMS

Guoping-Xu, Ph.d, Professor ,President of SEPRI, China


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Which is the situation in China…

China is keeping rapid industrial development, against the challenge of insufficientcoal, power, oil and transport, frequent accidents , industrial hazard and casualty.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

The goal of work safety standardization….

work safety standardization comes into being

and becomes an important means for fostering the steady improvement of work safety situation in all sectors and establishing a constantly effective mechanism for safety management in enterprises.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

  • The origin and connotation of

  • work safety standardization


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Process of work safety standardization

In China, the construction of work safety standardization may date back to1964,when the idea “Coal Mine Quality Standardization” was proposed by the former coal ministry.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Process of work safety standardization

Up to the early 80s, to control continuous rise of accidents in coal mines, a campaign of “quality standardization and high safety level” was developed in the coal mines in 1986, which was intended to enhance work safety through quality standardization, considered that safety and quality are mutually complementary and closed connected, and safety is never independent of quality.

“Quality Standardization and High Safety Level”


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Process of work safety standardization

Then, the nonferrous metallurgy, construction material, electric power and gold sectors followed and initiated their own quality standardization , which resulted in a higher level of work safety .


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Process of work safety standardization

In 2003, a national coal quality and safety standardization site

meeting was held in Qitaihe, Heilongjiang Province by state

administration of work safety and China National Coal

Association, specific elements to be included in the quality and

safety standardization for coal mines was defined ,an“Instructive

Opinion on Quality and safety Standardization campaign in

all Coal Mines Nationwide” was put forward.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

In 2004,The state administration of work safety published an “Instructive Opinion on Quality and Safety Standardization Activities” to instruct the nation’s quality and safety standardization activities in different sectors such as coal mines, metal and nonmetal mines, hazardous chemicals, firecracker, metallurgy and machinery.

process of work safety standardization


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

On Apr. 15, 2010, the state administration of work safety officially published an industrial standard for work safety entitled“Basic Norms for Work SafetyStandardization of enterprises” (standard No. AQ/T 9006-2010)as the fundamental guideline for the nation’s work safety standardization .

Process of work safety standardization


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Process of work safety standardization

Up to now, safety standardization exam criterion Were issued for different industries and processes, such asmanufacture,

materials for building,

steel making,

coke making,

chemical Industry,

fire cracker etc.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Connotation of work safety standardization

China’s work safety standardization, in nature, requires enterprise to analyze safety risks, establish prevention mechanism, safety responsibility mechanism, work safety management system and operation rules, ensure that all production processes and duty comply with the legal regulation and standards relating to work safety;

attain, maintain a certain criterion and improve, upgrade continuously, so that the staff, machines and work site under the best safety status.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Connotation of work safety standardization

China’s work safety standardization emphasize regulated, scientific, systematic and legislated work safety effort , strengthen risk and process control, pay attention to performance management and continual improvement, agrees with the basic law of safety management.

It is an organic combination of advanced safety management ideology with China’s conventional safety management methods and the practical conditions of enterprises.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

II. Concurrence and difference between

work safety standardization and OHSMS


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

A

P

C

D

New level

A

P

C

D

Original level

Both stress on Prevention first and PDCA dynamic management

Both utilize “PDCA” philosophy, i.e. the dynamic cycle of Plan, Do, Check and Act, as their guideline, analyze, assess and evaluate hazards and risks in the production activities in advance and take reliable actions to prevent any adverse potential .


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

  • All assessment terms includes in the safety standardization assessment criteria are based on applicable Chinese national or industrial regulations, standards and safety and health rules.

  • Compliance with the national legal and other requirements is also the basic requirement for establishing OHSMS,

Both emphasize compliance with the national legal and other requirements


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

The same management approach of setting elements and indicators

Comparative correlation


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Both apply third-party assessment or audit

Both include assessment and verification of audit through a combination of internal audit, external audit and third-party audit.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

III. Difference between

work safety standardization and OHSMS


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Different applications

Work Safety Standardization is principally targeted at productive businesses in the industrial and mining sectors.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Different keystone


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Mandatory VS. Voluntary

. Any enterprises that fails to achieve the respective standard within the time so define will be

temporarily deprived of their production permit and work safety permit;

Any companies that has not attained the standard within the time granted for rectification will be closed by the local government under the law.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Quantitative Classification


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Different assessors and ways of assessment

Work Safety Standardization is actually done by enterprises, intermediary agents and experts under the instruction of government authorities.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

IV. Conclusions


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

  • 1.Both China’s work safety standardization and the globally recognized OHSMS are the methods for modern safety management methodology.

  • 2.The existence and development of them could enable systematic, scientific, institutional and efficient safety management for enterprises.

  • 3.China’s work safety standardization is a generally applicable work safety management model that agrees with China’s situation and is acceptable for the majority of Chinese enterprises.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

4.Results from the implementation of work safety standardization by Chinese enterprises over the past years indicate significant changes in safety management and field safety environment.


On the difference between china s work safety standardization and ohsms

Thank you!


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