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CULTURE - CIVILIZATION. Latin – cultura : care. Man is dependent . MATERIAL AND IMMATERIAL CULTURE. NORMS & INTERNALIZATION. INTERNALIZATION: obedience to norm because it is good . NORMS & SANCTIONS. POSITIVE SANCTIONS NEGATIVE SANCTIONS PHYSICAL SANCTIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL SANCTIONS

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CULTURE - CIVILIZATION

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CULTURE - CIVILIZATION

Latin – cultura: care

Man is dependent


MATERIAL AND IMMATERIAL CULTURE


NORMS & INTERNALIZATION


INTERNALIZATION: obedience to norm because it is good


NORMS & SANCTIONS

  • POSITIVE SANCTIONS

  • NEGATIVE SANCTIONS

  • PHYSICAL SANCTIONS

  • PSYCHOLOGICAL SANCTIONS

  • FORMAL SANCTIONS

  • INFORMAL SANCTIONS


FORMS OF SOCIAL NORMS

  • FOLKWAYS

  • MORES

  • LAWS


PROCESS OF CULTURE ADAPTATION

  • PARALLELISM

  • DIFFUSION

  • FISSION

  • CONVERGENCE


MY CULTURE IS SUPERIOR

ETHNOCENTRISM

XENOCENTRISM

I DENY THE SUPERIORITY OF MY CULTURE

CULTURAL RELATIVISM

NO UNIVERSAL MORAL STANDARD


PART OF A GROUP NOT MET BY THE MAIN CULTURE

SUBCULTURES

CULTURE SHOCK

DISGUST ON OTHER CULTURE

INABILITY TO ADOPT TO A NEW CULTURE

CULTURAL LAG

CULTURAL EXCHANGE

TRADE/ SHARED CULTURE

ACCULTURATION

ADOPTING ANOTHER CULTURE

AN ESTABLISHED CULTURE IS GREATLY INFLUENCED BY ANOTHER

CULTURAL DUALISM


CULTURAL RELATIVISM


ETHNOCENTRISM


XENOCENTRISM


SUBCULTURES


CULTURE SHOCK


CULTURAL LAG


CULTURAL EXCHANGE


ACCULTURATION


3 LEVELS OF LIFE A PERSON UNDERGOES IN THE PROCESS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

VEGETATIVE

ANIMAL

HUMAN


AGENCIES OF SOCIALIZATION


SOCIALIZATION FOR SEX ROLES


VIOLATING THE SOCIALLY ACCEPTED NORMS


APPROVED DEVIATION


DISAPPROVED DEVIATION


ANOMIE

Non-conformity to norms

People are not satisfied to accept the norms

May result to deviant behavior


CONFORMISTS


INNOVATOR


RITUALIST


RETREATIST


REBELLION


PERSONALITY

Totality of a person seen in actions and behavior


BIOLOGICAL INHERITANCE


GEOGRAPHICAL


CULTURAL


SOCIAL

Takes place in a group where one is a member


STATUS AND ROLE


ROLE AS EXPECTATION

Obligation in reference to the status


ROLE AS PERFORMANCE

Actual behavior while occupying the status


ROLE CONFLICT

Conflicting demands from one or more statuses


ROLE SET

Inventory of performances while on a given status


JOHARI WINDOW: VIEW OF ONESELF BECAUSE OF OTHERS


GROUPS ACCORDING TO SOCIAL TIES

  • PRIMARY GROUP

  • SECONDARY GROUP


GROUPS ACCORDING TO SELF-IDENTIFICATION

  • IN-GROUP

  • OUT-GROUP

  • REFERENCE GROUP


GROUPS ACCORDING TO PURPOSE

  • TASK GROUP

  • RELATIONSHIP GROUP

  • INFLUENCE GROUP


GROUPS ACCORDING TO SOCIAL ORGANIZATION

  • GEMEIMSCHAFT

  • GESSELSCHAFT


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