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CULTURE - CIVILIZATION. Latin – cultura : care. Man is dependent . MATERIAL AND IMMATERIAL CULTURE. NORMS & INTERNALIZATION. INTERNALIZATION: obedience to norm because it is good . NORMS & SANCTIONS. POSITIVE SANCTIONS NEGATIVE SANCTIONS PHYSICAL SANCTIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL SANCTIONS

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Culture civilization
CULTURE - CIVILIZATION

Latin – cultura: care

Man is dependent





Norms sanctions
NORMS & SANCTIONS

  • POSITIVE SANCTIONS

  • NEGATIVE SANCTIONS

  • PHYSICAL SANCTIONS

  • PSYCHOLOGICAL SANCTIONS

  • FORMAL SANCTIONS

  • INFORMAL SANCTIONS


Forms of social norms
FORMS OF SOCIAL NORMS

  • FOLKWAYS

  • MORES

  • LAWS


Process of culture adaptation
PROCESS OF CULTURE ADAPTATION

  • PARALLELISM

  • DIFFUSION

  • FISSION

  • CONVERGENCE


MY CULTURE IS SUPERIOR

ETHNOCENTRISM

XENOCENTRISM

I DENY THE SUPERIORITY OF MY CULTURE

CULTURAL RELATIVISM

NO UNIVERSAL MORAL STANDARD


PART OF A GROUP NOT MET BY THE MAIN CULTURE

SUBCULTURES

CULTURE SHOCK

DISGUST ON OTHER CULTURE

INABILITY TO ADOPT TO A NEW CULTURE

CULTURAL LAG

CULTURAL EXCHANGE

TRADE/ SHARED CULTURE

ACCULTURATION

ADOPTING ANOTHER CULTURE

AN ESTABLISHED CULTURE IS GREATLY INFLUENCED BY ANOTHER

CULTURAL DUALISM










3 levels of life a person undergoes in the process of growth and development
3 LEVELS OF LIFE A PERSON UNDERGOES IN THE PROCESS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

VEGETATIVE

ANIMAL

HUMAN


Agencies of socialization
AGENCIES OF SOCIALIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT




Approved deviation
APPROVED DEVIATION AND DEVELOPMENT


Disapproved deviation
DISAPPROVED DEVIATION AND DEVELOPMENT


Anomie
ANOMIE AND DEVELOPMENT

Non-conformity to norms

People are not satisfied to accept the norms

May result to deviant behavior


Conformists
CONFORMISTS AND DEVELOPMENT


Innovator
INNOVATOR AND DEVELOPMENT


Ritualist
RITUALIST AND DEVELOPMENT


Retreatist
RETREATIST AND DEVELOPMENT


Rebellion
REBELLION AND DEVELOPMENT


Personality
PERSONALITY AND DEVELOPMENT

Totality of a person seen in actions and behavior


Biological inheritance
BIOLOGICAL INHERITANCE AND DEVELOPMENT


Geographical
GEOGRAPHICAL AND DEVELOPMENT


Cultural
CULTURAL AND DEVELOPMENT


Social
SOCIAL AND DEVELOPMENT

Takes place in a group where one is a member


Status and role
STATUS AND ROLE AND DEVELOPMENT


Role as expectation
ROLE AS EXPECTATION AND DEVELOPMENT

Obligation in reference to the status


Role as performance
ROLE AS PERFORMANCE AND DEVELOPMENT

Actual behavior while occupying the status


Role conflict
ROLE CONFLICT AND DEVELOPMENT

Conflicting demands from one or more statuses


Role set
ROLE SET AND DEVELOPMENT

Inventory of performances while on a given status



Groups according to social ties
GROUPS ACCORDING TO SOCIAL TIES AND DEVELOPMENT

  • PRIMARY GROUP

  • SECONDARY GROUP


Groups according to self identification
GROUPS ACCORDING TO SELF-IDENTIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT

  • IN-GROUP

  • OUT-GROUP

  • REFERENCE GROUP


Groups according to purpose
GROUPS ACCORDING TO PURPOSE AND DEVELOPMENT

  • TASK GROUP

  • RELATIONSHIP GROUP

  • INFLUENCE GROUP


Groups according to social organization
GROUPS ACCORDING TO SOCIAL ORGANIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT

  • GEMEIMSCHAFT

  • GESSELSCHAFT


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