Culture civilization
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CULTURE - CIVILIZATION. Latin – cultura : care. Man is dependent . MATERIAL AND IMMATERIAL CULTURE. NORMS & INTERNALIZATION. INTERNALIZATION: obedience to norm because it is good . NORMS & SANCTIONS. POSITIVE SANCTIONS NEGATIVE SANCTIONS PHYSICAL SANCTIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL SANCTIONS

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CULTURE - CIVILIZATION

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Culture civilization

CULTURE - CIVILIZATION

Latin – cultura: care

Man is dependent


Material and immaterial culture

MATERIAL AND IMMATERIAL CULTURE


Norms internalization

NORMS & INTERNALIZATION


Culture civilization

INTERNALIZATION: obedience to norm because it is good


Norms sanctions

NORMS & SANCTIONS

  • POSITIVE SANCTIONS

  • NEGATIVE SANCTIONS

  • PHYSICAL SANCTIONS

  • PSYCHOLOGICAL SANCTIONS

  • FORMAL SANCTIONS

  • INFORMAL SANCTIONS


Forms of social norms

FORMS OF SOCIAL NORMS

  • FOLKWAYS

  • MORES

  • LAWS


Process of culture adaptation

PROCESS OF CULTURE ADAPTATION

  • PARALLELISM

  • DIFFUSION

  • FISSION

  • CONVERGENCE


Culture civilization

MY CULTURE IS SUPERIOR

ETHNOCENTRISM

XENOCENTRISM

I DENY THE SUPERIORITY OF MY CULTURE

CULTURAL RELATIVISM

NO UNIVERSAL MORAL STANDARD


Culture civilization

PART OF A GROUP NOT MET BY THE MAIN CULTURE

SUBCULTURES

CULTURE SHOCK

DISGUST ON OTHER CULTURE

INABILITY TO ADOPT TO A NEW CULTURE

CULTURAL LAG

CULTURAL EXCHANGE

TRADE/ SHARED CULTURE

ACCULTURATION

ADOPTING ANOTHER CULTURE

AN ESTABLISHED CULTURE IS GREATLY INFLUENCED BY ANOTHER

CULTURAL DUALISM


Cultural relativism

CULTURAL RELATIVISM


Ethnocentrism

ETHNOCENTRISM


Xenocentrism

XENOCENTRISM


Subcultures

SUBCULTURES


Culture shock

CULTURE SHOCK


Cultural lag

CULTURAL LAG


Cultural exchange

CULTURAL EXCHANGE


Acculturation

ACCULTURATION


3 levels of life a person undergoes in the process of growth and development

3 LEVELS OF LIFE A PERSON UNDERGOES IN THE PROCESS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

VEGETATIVE

ANIMAL

HUMAN


Agencies of socialization

AGENCIES OF SOCIALIZATION


Socialization for sex roles

SOCIALIZATION FOR SEX ROLES


Culture civilization

VIOLATING THE SOCIALLY ACCEPTED NORMS


Approved deviation

APPROVED DEVIATION


Disapproved deviation

DISAPPROVED DEVIATION


Anomie

ANOMIE

Non-conformity to norms

People are not satisfied to accept the norms

May result to deviant behavior


Conformists

CONFORMISTS


Innovator

INNOVATOR


Ritualist

RITUALIST


Retreatist

RETREATIST


Rebellion

REBELLION


Personality

PERSONALITY

Totality of a person seen in actions and behavior


Biological inheritance

BIOLOGICAL INHERITANCE


Geographical

GEOGRAPHICAL


Cultural

CULTURAL


Social

SOCIAL

Takes place in a group where one is a member


Status and role

STATUS AND ROLE


Role as expectation

ROLE AS EXPECTATION

Obligation in reference to the status


Role as performance

ROLE AS PERFORMANCE

Actual behavior while occupying the status


Role conflict

ROLE CONFLICT

Conflicting demands from one or more statuses


Role set

ROLE SET

Inventory of performances while on a given status


Culture civilization

JOHARI WINDOW: VIEW OF ONESELF BECAUSE OF OTHERS


Groups according to social ties

GROUPS ACCORDING TO SOCIAL TIES

  • PRIMARY GROUP

  • SECONDARY GROUP


Groups according to self identification

GROUPS ACCORDING TO SELF-IDENTIFICATION

  • IN-GROUP

  • OUT-GROUP

  • REFERENCE GROUP


Groups according to purpose

GROUPS ACCORDING TO PURPOSE

  • TASK GROUP

  • RELATIONSHIP GROUP

  • INFLUENCE GROUP


Groups according to social organization

GROUPS ACCORDING TO SOCIAL ORGANIZATION

  • GEMEIMSCHAFT

  • GESSELSCHAFT


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