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Climate Change Research Initiatives in EU Member States. Dr. Frank McGovern, Ireland (EU Presidency). Side event : Research in response to the IPCC TAR 21 June, 2004, Bonn SB20. Research capacity in EU: Global and European level. Large research capacity in Europe

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Climate Change Research Initiatives in EU Member States

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Climate Change Research Initiatives in EU Member States

Dr. Frank McGovern,

Ireland (EU Presidency)

Side event:

Research in response to the IPCC TAR

21 June, 2004, Bonn SB20

Research capacity in EU:Global and European level

  • Large research capacity in Europe

    • Several centres of global importance in climate research e.g. Hadley Centre, UK; Max Planck, Germany; IIASA, Austria; CNRS, Meteo France, France; KNMI, Netherlands; Rossby Centre, Sweden; and others…

  • Several powerful global climate change models

  • At European level, very significant support for CC research from DG Research, particularly under Global Change and Ecosystems programme within the 6th Framework Programme.

Research capacity in EU: Member State level

  • Extensive, diverse, adapted to national and regional needs and interests

  • Significant socio-economic research on adaptation and mitigation; development of indicators of climate sensitivity; increasing capacity for regional modelling of agricultural, ecosystem, social, economic impacts of CC

  • Several important regional models have been developed – extensive work on downscaling (e.g. Hungary, Ireland…)

  • Co-operation with non-EU countries including developing countries (Italy and China, Finland and a number of DCs, Netherlands and Bhutan…)

Responding to the Gaps

  • Main issues of WG2 on Adaptation Information Needs

    • Vulnerability, adaptive capacity, long-term monitoring systems, data availability and access, socio-economic factors influence exposures of different communities, modelling, limits to adaptation…

Responding to the Gaps

  • Main issues of WG3 on Mitigation - Gaps in Knowledge

    • Regional and sector specific potential and costs of mitigation options as well as barriers

    • Identification of opportunities in area of social innovation leading to decreased GHG emissions

    • Capacity building: Research, integrated assessment, modelling…etc

    • Synergies between mitigation, adaptation and sustainable development

    • Equity issues

How are EU countries responding to these gaps?

  • Adaptation

    • Regional Modelling: UK, Germany, Hungary, Ireland and others

    • Local capacity development: Combination of Local/Regional/National decision levels in the French National Heat Wave Plan

    • Extreme events: e.g. Netherlands, UK

    • Socio-economic factors: e.g. Italy, Germany, Finland

    • Long-term monitoring: e.g. Sweden, Italy

    • Vulnerability and risk assessment: e.g Italy, UK

    • More…

How are EU countries responding to these gaps?

  • Mitigation

    • Understanding technology diffusion: Finland (involvement of National Technology Agency)

    • Vulnerability modelling: Potsdam

    • Scenario analysis: IIASA

    • Developing research capacity esp. in developing countries: many co-operations of this type…

Climate change research: taking place in many forms

  • Difficult to characterise CC research in EU!

  • CC research in EU countries is taking place in many forms,

  • Some countries have extensive research on forestry management, alternative energy sources, … all are relevant to CC, but are not explicitly and directly being done for that reason.

Retaining independence of EU research

  • Caution against imposing research priorities on countries

  • Independence of research at country level should be protected

  • WG2 and WG3’s moves towards prioritising climate change research are well-intentioned, but should not be allowed to compromise the valuable independence and diversity of research going on in EU countries.

Thank you for your attention!

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