Climate change research initiatives in eu member states
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Climate Change Research Initiatives in EU Member States. Dr. Frank McGovern, Ireland (EU Presidency). Side event : Research in response to the IPCC TAR 21 June, 2004, Bonn SB20. Research capacity in EU: Global and European level. Large research capacity in Europe

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Climate Change Research Initiatives in EU Member States

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Climate change research initiatives in eu member states

Climate Change Research Initiatives in EU Member States

Dr. Frank McGovern,

Ireland (EU Presidency)

Side event:

Research in response to the IPCC TAR

21 June, 2004, Bonn SB20


Research capacity in eu global and european level

Research capacity in EU:Global and European level

  • Large research capacity in Europe

    • Several centres of global importance in climate research e.g. Hadley Centre, UK; Max Planck, Germany; IIASA, Austria; CNRS, Meteo France, France; KNMI, Netherlands; Rossby Centre, Sweden; and others…

  • Several powerful global climate change models

  • At European level, very significant support for CC research from DG Research, particularly under Global Change and Ecosystems programme within the 6th Framework Programme.


Research capacity in eu member state level

Research capacity in EU: Member State level

  • Extensive, diverse, adapted to national and regional needs and interests

  • Significant socio-economic research on adaptation and mitigation; development of indicators of climate sensitivity; increasing capacity for regional modelling of agricultural, ecosystem, social, economic impacts of CC

  • Several important regional models have been developed – extensive work on downscaling (e.g. Hungary, Ireland…)

  • Co-operation with non-EU countries including developing countries (Italy and China, Finland and a number of DCs, Netherlands and Bhutan…)


Responding to the gaps

Responding to the Gaps

  • Main issues of WG2 on Adaptation Information Needs

    • Vulnerability, adaptive capacity, long-term monitoring systems, data availability and access, socio-economic factors influence exposures of different communities, modelling, limits to adaptation…


Responding to the gaps1

Responding to the Gaps

  • Main issues of WG3 on Mitigation - Gaps in Knowledge

    • Regional and sector specific potential and costs of mitigation options as well as barriers

    • Identification of opportunities in area of social innovation leading to decreased GHG emissions

    • Capacity building: Research, integrated assessment, modelling…etc

    • Synergies between mitigation, adaptation and sustainable development

    • Equity issues


How are eu countries responding to these gaps

How are EU countries responding to these gaps?

  • Adaptation

    • Regional Modelling: UK, Germany, Hungary, Ireland and others

    • Local capacity development: Combination of Local/Regional/National decision levels in the French National Heat Wave Plan

    • Extreme events: e.g. Netherlands, UK

    • Socio-economic factors: e.g. Italy, Germany, Finland

    • Long-term monitoring: e.g. Sweden, Italy

    • Vulnerability and risk assessment: e.g Italy, UK

    • More…


How are eu countries responding to these gaps1

How are EU countries responding to these gaps?

  • Mitigation

    • Understanding technology diffusion: Finland (involvement of National Technology Agency)

    • Vulnerability modelling: Potsdam

    • Scenario analysis: IIASA

    • Developing research capacity esp. in developing countries: many co-operations of this type…


Climate change research taking place in many forms

Climate change research: taking place in many forms

  • Difficult to characterise CC research in EU!

  • CC research in EU countries is taking place in many forms,

  • Some countries have extensive research on forestry management, alternative energy sources, … all are relevant to CC, but are not explicitly and directly being done for that reason.


Retaining independence of eu research

Retaining independence of EU research

  • Caution against imposing research priorities on countries

  • Independence of research at country level should be protected

  • WG2 and WG3’s moves towards prioritising climate change research are well-intentioned, but should not be allowed to compromise the valuable independence and diversity of research going on in EU countries.


Thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention!


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