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Trade Mainstreaming The contribution of the Enhanced IF. Luisa E. Bernal UNDP Trade and Human Development Unit Geneva. Presentation outline. Why trade mainstreaming? What is trade mainstreaming? Leading a mainstreaming process Concluding remarks. Number of people on different

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Trade Mainstreaming

The contribution of the Enhanced IF

Luisa E. Bernal

UNDP Trade and Human Development Unit


  • Why trade mainstreaming?

  • What is trade mainstreaming?

  • Leading a mainstreaming process

  • Concluding remarks

Number of people on different

income levels by region, in 1970

I why trade mainstreaming
I. Why trade mainstreaming?

  • To effectively leverage the potential of trade for poverty reduction.

  • Trade reform in isolation will not yield the expected results.

    • Broader development framework provides the anchor to decide on the design and sequence of particular trade reforms and complementary policies.

Ii what is trade mainstreaming
II. What is trade mainstreaming?

  • Articulating trade-related priorities in the strategies to reduce poverty and attain the MDGs.

  • Translating policy statements into operational objectives and action plans.

  • Linking strategies to resources.

  • Following through implementation.

  • Monitoring and evaluating results.

Development planning cycle
Development planning cycle

Situation analysis/diagnostic

Managing and using evaluation

Setting the vision/Strategic goals/ priorities

Broad consultative process

Implementation and monitoring programmes

Defining an action plan (including capacity needs)

Allocating resources

Iii leading a mainstreaming process
III. Leading a mainstreaming process

  • Mainstreaming at three levels:

    • Policy

    • Institutional framework and processes

    • Dialogue with development partners

      How can the EIF contribute to trade mainstreaming?

Iii policy level 1
III. Policy level (1)

  • Human Development - enlarging people’s choices:

    • Productivity: ability to participate in the growth process

    • Equity: access to opportunities; reduction of inequalities and disparities

    • Empowerment: ability to shape processes and events that affect one’s life

    • Sustainability: preservation of developmental achievements

    • Strategies for promoting inclusive growth

    • Vehicles for trade mainstreaming

Iii policy level 2
III. Policy level (2)

  • DTIS/updates provide the analytical underpinnings for trade mainstreaming

  • In-depth analysis of main constraints to effective integration

  • Country owned and country specific/high standards

  • Action Matrix identifies priorities for action

  • Priorities validated through broad dialogue including development partners

Iii institutional framework 1
III. Institutional framework (1)

  • Broad on-going consultative processes

    • Advocacy/dissemination of analytical findings and trade-related information

    • Long-term sustainability

  • EIF support to intergovernmental coordination on trade/ Aid for trade

    • Links with finance, development planning, aid coordination and other line ministries

    • National implementation unit

  • EIF support to NIA –broad group of stakeholders

    • Private sector, business community, women councils, civil society, development partners

    • National steering committee

Iii institutional framework 2
III. Institutional framework (2)

  • Addressing capacity gaps

    • Build and sustain capacity to mainstream

    • Funding is available to address human resources and institutional support needs

    • DTIS and Action matrix identify priority TRTAs

    • Available support from EIF partners to prepare actionable plans

    • Complementary funding for project development and implementation

Iii dialogue with development partners
III. Dialogue with development partners

  • Mainstreaming is joint responsibility

    • Aligning development assistance to NDP/DTIS

    • Send consistent messages (NDP/DTIS basis of dialogue)

    • Raise trade-related priorities in dialogues with donors

    • Enhanced role for the donor facilitator in country

    • M&E focuses partnership on results/mutual accountability

Iv concluding remarks 1
IV. Concluding remarks (1)

  • Trade figures more prominently in PRSPs (UNDP 2008).

  • Trade mainstreaming requires strong leadership and advocacy.

  • It is a continuous process; not a one-off exercise.

  • Broad national ownership and sustainability depend on effective engagement of stakeholders.

Iv concluding remarks 2
IV. Concluding remarks (2)

  • The EIF architecture and funding structure is better suited to support trade mainstreaming by LDCs.

  • Trade mainstreaming joint responsibility.

  • The wider AfT agenda has raised awareness.

  • The CEB Cluster on Trade and Productive Capacity advocates and mainstreams trade in UNDAFs.