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Famous Psychology Experiments. Conducting Psychology Experiments. Hypothesis. Scientific method Hypothesis formulation. =. Operationalization. Operationalization: to put an experiment into a form that allows researchers to test the hypothesis

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Presentation Transcript
hypothesis
Hypothesis
  • Scientific method
  • Hypothesis formulation

=

operationalization
Operationalization
  • Operationalization: to put an experiment into a form that allows researchers to test the hypothesis
  • Independent variable: the variable that researchers control
  • Dependent variable: the variable that researchers are studying
  • What other questions should the researchers ask?

Independent variable

Dependent variable

operationalization continued
Operationalization (continued)
  • Confounding variables
  • Reliability
  • Validity

SCARY

= ?

What makes a movie scary?

How can we tell if a child has had a nightmare?

What else might cause nightmares?

experimenting recording results conclusion

Conducting the experiment

Experimenting, Recording Results, Conclusion

Recording the results

Drawing conclusions

does cause

correlation vs causation
Correlation vs. Causation

Correlation versus causation: just because two things are related doesn’t mean one thing caused the other

Just because

happened

happened and then

doesn’t necessarily mean that

caused

replication and theory development
Replication and Theory Development
  • Replication
  • Theory development

=

Experiment 1 results

=

Experiment 2 results

=

Experiment 3 results

=

THEORY:

ethical issues
Ethical Issues
  • Is it right to experiment on people?
  • What limits should there be?
ethical issues10
Ethical Issues
  • Is it right to experiment on animals?
  • What limits should there be?
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