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Famous Psychology Experiments PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Famous Psychology Experiments. Conducting Psychology Experiments. Hypothesis. Scientific method Hypothesis formulation. =. Operationalization. Operationalization: to put an experiment into a form that allows researchers to test the hypothesis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Famous Psychology Experiments

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Famous psychology experiments l.jpg

Famous Psychology Experiments


Conducting psychology experiments l.jpg

Conducting Psychology Experiments


Hypothesis l.jpg

Hypothesis

  • Scientific method

  • Hypothesis formulation

=


Operationalization l.jpg

Operationalization

  • Operationalization: to put an experiment into a form that allows researchers to test the hypothesis

  • Independent variable: the variable that researchers control

  • Dependent variable: the variable that researchers are studying

  • What other questions should the researchers ask?

Independent variable

Dependent variable


Operationalization continued l.jpg

Operationalization (continued)

  • Confounding variables

  • Reliability

  • Validity

SCARY

= ?

What makes a movie scary?

How can we tell if a child has had a nightmare?

What else might cause nightmares?


Experimenting recording results conclusion l.jpg

Conducting the experiment

Experimenting, Recording Results, Conclusion

Recording the results

Drawing conclusions

does cause


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Correlation vs. Causation

Correlation versus causation: just because two things are related doesn’t mean one thing caused the other

Just because

happened

happened and then

doesn’t necessarily mean that

caused


Replication and theory development l.jpg

Replication and Theory Development

  • Replication

  • Theory development

=

Experiment 1 results

=

Experiment 2 results

=

Experiment 3 results

=

THEORY:


Ethical issues l.jpg

Ethical Issues

  • Is it right to experiment on people?

  • What limits should there be?


Ethical issues10 l.jpg

Ethical Issues

  • Is it right to experiment on animals?

  • What limits should there be?