Best Practice:. SIFT Poetry Analysis Catherine Hillman EDUR 6961. Best Practice description. SIFT Method:
SIFT Poetry Analysis
How it Works:
Before using the SIFT Method, students will know and understand poetic devices including:
This strategy aids students in their literary analysis and helps them write sustained arguments about literature, skills that are both relevant to the Common Core in terms of Reading and Writing standards.
This practice is best used in English classes as it is working primarily with poetry. It is ideal for grades 9-12.
Know enough of hate
Alliteration: “some say,” “world will,” “favor fire”
Assonance: “hold with those,” “if it”
“Fire and Ice”
by Robert Frost
Structure: Rhyme Scheme
Theme: Destruction of the world might be fire or iceand both will work but the speaker prefers ice.
Tone : matter-of-fact rather than emotional
World can end in fire or ice
Poet seems to prefer fire
Both ends would work
In the poem, “Fire and Ice,” Robert Frost uses a specific rhyme scheme to write about the destruction of the world in a single stanza lyric poem. At first, there does not seem to be a rhyme scheme, but when examined closer, a pattern emerges at the end of the lines: “fire,” “desire,” and “fire” (Frost 1-4). The main theme of the poem is that the world will end, but how it will end is unsure. These words form the specific A pattern in the rhyme scheme, showing that fire is important to this main theme since it may be how the world ends. Next, the rhyme scheme moves to the next idea with lines ending in a different rhyme: “ice,” “twice,” “ice,” and “suffice” (2, 5, 7, 9). The words in rhyme scheme pattern B emphasize the other half of the main theme. The poem now states that the world may end in ice instead of fire. Finally, a comparison of the two patterns shows the speaker’s view of the destruction of the world: “I hold with those who favor fire” (4). Despite this statement, the B rhyme scheme for ice has four rhymes, while the A rhyme scheme for fire only has three. Although the speaker states a preference for fire, the poem’s rhyme scheme shows the preference is really for ice, since ice is emphasized by more lines. Analyzing the rhyme scheme of Frost’s poem reveals the speaker’s true opinion how the world should be destroyed—by ice instead of fire.