Ss6g10 b location climate and natural resources
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SS6G10.b Location, Climate, and Natural Resources. Germany and Italy. Key Question. How do location, climate, and natural resources affect where people live in Germany?. Vocabulary. Urban- city; heavily populated areas Rural- country side ; less populated areas

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SS6G10.b Location, Climate, and Natural Resources

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SS6G10.bLocation, Climate, and Natural Resources

Germany and Italy


Key Question

How do location, climate, and natural resources affect where people live in Germany?


Vocabulary

  • Urban- city; heavily populated areas

  • Rural- country side ; less populated areas

  • Densely populated- many people in an area

  • Marine climate- warm, humid

  • Arable- land good for farming

  • Landlocked- completely surrounded by land; does not border a body of water


Germany’s Location

  • North-central Europe on European Plain

  • Densely populated

  • 85% of population live in urban areas

  • Land-3 zones

    1. Alps is in southern Germany

    2. Hilly – mountainous (middle)

    3. Plains (north)

    4. Rhine River starts in the Alps


Where People Live in Germany

  • Population: 82,000,000

  • Germany is one of the most densely populated

    countries in Europe

  • 85% of population live in urban areas

  • Berlin is the largest city and capital


Rhine River

  • Rhine River-

  • many Germany cities lie along the Rhine

    trade

    800 miles long

    used for transportation of goods and people


  • Germany- travel and trade

    excellent highway system

    ports (exports & imports)

    airports (14 major airports)

    Which would be easier for transportation of good, the Alps or the European Plain? Why?


Germany’s Climate

  • Marine climate

  • waters of the Gulf Stream warm the region in winter and cool it in the summer

    produces good crops

  • In the west winters are mild and summers are cool,

    with rain fall all year

  • In the east winters are very cold

    with long hot summers with very little rain


Germany’s Natural Resources

  • Many Natural Resources

    Mining: iron, coal, potash

    Nuclear Fuel: Uranium

    Nickel, natural gas, copper

    Renewable Resources

    timber

    Arable Land- 1/3 (used for crops)


Italy


Italy’s Location

  • Southern Europe

  • Peninsula

  • Northern border-Alps

  • Shares a border with France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia

  • About ½ the people in Italy live in the most northern 1/3 of the country.


  • Landforms- Alps, Apennine Mountains

    Islands: Sicily, Sardinia (located in the

    Mediterranean Sea)


Italy

  • Ships- Long history of trade because of its location on the Mediterranean Sea. It ships to and from Europe and Asia.

  • There are more than 800 ports

  • 7 major airports

  • 8 major seaports

  • Excellent highways, bridges, and tunnels


Italy’s Climate

  • Mediterranean Climate- temp is comfortable most of the year

  • Dry summers-Rain is rare in summer

  • Sea helps it from getting too hot in summer and too cold in winter

  • The Alps block cold air coming down from the north.

  • The warm dry air form Sahara Desert in northern Africa sends flows into Italy for much of the year.


Italy’s Different Climate Zones

  • Mountains- climate changes with the altitude

    (Alps have snowy winters)

  • South is drier than the north

  • Northern Italy gets enough rain for growing crops


Italy’s Natural Resources

  • Few mineral resources

  • Natural gas is the most valued- used to help supply the energy needs of the country

  • Marble and granite (buildings and artwork)

  • Coal, mercury, zinc, and potash


Italy’s Natural Resources

  • Arable land

    small farms cover Italy

    grow grapes and olives

    top wine making country

  • Sea

    fishing -anchovies and sardines (important to the economy)

    gather sponges and coral


Where People Live in Italy

  • Population: 58,000,000

  • 7 out of 10 Italians live in Urban areas

  • About ½ of the people of Italy live in the northern 1/3 of the country


Questions

  • What geographic feature makes it more difficult for Italian merchants to trade with countries north of Italy?

  • What has helped Italian merchants become successful traders?

  • Describe the Italian climate.

  • What industry is MOST helped by Italy’s arable land and good amounts of rainfall?

  • What type of climate is found in Germany?

  • What types of resources are found in Germany?

  • Name 2 natural resources found in Italy and 2 found in Germany.

  • Which river starts in the Alps?


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