Ss6g10 b location climate and natural resources
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SS6G10.b Location, Climate, and Natural Resources. Germany and Italy. Key Question. How do location, climate, and natural resources affect where people live in Germany?. Vocabulary. Urban- city; heavily populated areas Rural- country side ; less populated areas

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SS6G10.b Location, Climate, and Natural Resources

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Ss6g10 b location climate and natural resources

SS6G10.bLocation, Climate, and Natural Resources

Germany and Italy


Key question

Key Question

How do location, climate, and natural resources affect where people live in Germany?


Vocabulary

Vocabulary

  • Urban- city; heavily populated areas

  • Rural- country side ; less populated areas

  • Densely populated- many people in an area

  • Marine climate- warm, humid

  • Arable- land good for farming

  • Landlocked- completely surrounded by land; does not border a body of water


Germany s location

Germany’s Location

  • North-central Europe on European Plain

  • Densely populated

  • 85% of population live in urban areas

  • Land-3 zones

    1. Alps is in southern Germany

    2. Hilly – mountainous (middle)

    3. Plains (north)

    4. Rhine River starts in the Alps


Where people live in germany

Where People Live in Germany

  • Population: 82,000,000

  • Germany is one of the most densely populated

    countries in Europe

  • 85% of population live in urban areas

  • Berlin is the largest city and capital


Rhine river

Rhine River

  • Rhine River-

  • many Germany cities lie along the Rhine

    trade

    800 miles long

    used for transportation of goods and people


Ss6g10 b location climate and natural resources

  • Germany- travel and trade

    excellent highway system

    ports (exports & imports)

    airports (14 major airports)

    Which would be easier for transportation of good, the Alps or the European Plain? Why?


Germany s climate

Germany’s Climate

  • Marine climate

  • waters of the Gulf Stream warm the region in winter and cool it in the summer

    produces good crops

  • In the west winters are mild and summers are cool,

    with rain fall all year

  • In the east winters are very cold

    with long hot summers with very little rain


Germany s natural resources

Germany’s Natural Resources

  • Many Natural Resources

    Mining: iron, coal, potash

    Nuclear Fuel: Uranium

    Nickel, natural gas, copper

    Renewable Resources

    timber

    Arable Land- 1/3 (used for crops)


Ss6g10 b location climate and natural resources

Italy


Italy s location

Italy’s Location

  • Southern Europe

  • Peninsula

  • Northern border-Alps

  • Shares a border with France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia

  • About ½ the people in Italy live in the most northern 1/3 of the country.


Ss6g10 b location climate and natural resources

  • Landforms- Alps, Apennine Mountains

    Islands: Sicily, Sardinia (located in the

    Mediterranean Sea)


Italy

Italy

  • Ships- Long history of trade because of its location on the Mediterranean Sea. It ships to and from Europe and Asia.

  • There are more than 800 ports

  • 7 major airports

  • 8 major seaports

  • Excellent highways, bridges, and tunnels


Italy s climate

Italy’s Climate

  • Mediterranean Climate- temp is comfortable most of the year

  • Dry summers-Rain is rare in summer

  • Sea helps it from getting too hot in summer and too cold in winter

  • The Alps block cold air coming down from the north.

  • The warm dry air form Sahara Desert in northern Africa sends flows into Italy for much of the year.


Italy s different climate zones

Italy’s Different Climate Zones

  • Mountains- climate changes with the altitude

    (Alps have snowy winters)

  • South is drier than the north

  • Northern Italy gets enough rain for growing crops


Italy s natural resources

Italy’s Natural Resources

  • Few mineral resources

  • Natural gas is the most valued- used to help supply the energy needs of the country

  • Marble and granite (buildings and artwork)

  • Coal, mercury, zinc, and potash


Italy s natural resources1

Italy’s Natural Resources

  • Arable land

    small farms cover Italy

    grow grapes and olives

    top wine making country

  • Sea

    fishing -anchovies and sardines (important to the economy)

    gather sponges and coral


Where people live in italy

Where People Live in Italy

  • Population: 58,000,000

  • 7 out of 10 Italians live in Urban areas

  • About ½ of the people of Italy live in the northern 1/3 of the country


Questions

Questions

  • What geographic feature makes it more difficult for Italian merchants to trade with countries north of Italy?

  • What has helped Italian merchants become successful traders?

  • Describe the Italian climate.

  • What industry is MOST helped by Italy’s arable land and good amounts of rainfall?

  • What type of climate is found in Germany?

  • What types of resources are found in Germany?

  • Name 2 natural resources found in Italy and 2 found in Germany.

  • Which river starts in the Alps?


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