The Medieval Era. 500 – 1500 A.D. The Norman Conquest. Led by William, Duke of Normandy, the Normans (from France) invaded in the year 1066. The King of England was killed in the Battle of Hastings, and William emerged victorious.
500 – 1500 A.D.
Led by William, Duke of Normandy, the Normans (from France) invaded in the year 1066. The King of England was killed in the Battle of Hastings, and William emerged victorious.
During the next several centuries, the Old English language and culture merged with Old French. They continued to be two separate languages, but many French words and customs were incorporated into the English way of life.
O. E. + O. Fr. Middle English
Result: literature no longer needed to be hand-copied by church scribes.
The Poets Corner of Westminster Abbey was established around the tomb of Chaucer. It is also the resting place for other British literary greats such as William Shakespeare and Charles Dickens.
Whan that aprill with his shoures sooteThe droghte of march hath perced to the roote,And bathed every veyne in swich licourOf which vertu engendred is the flour;Whan zephirus eek with his sweete breethInspired hath in every holt and heethTendre croppes, and the yonge sonneHath in the ram his halve cours yronne,And smale foweles maken melodye,That slepen al the nyght with open ye (so priketh hem nature in hir corages);Thanne longen folk to goon on pilgrimages,
(the frame) and 24 tales, but it is
considered a complete work
The tales are divided into different types (genres) of stories:
Each pilgrim tells a type of tale consistent with his / her own character (for example, the Knight tells a romance, etc).