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QTP. Prepared By Ashish Kumar Srivastava. What is Automation-. Test Automation is the use of software to control the execution of tests & the comparison of results- actual with the predicted/expected.

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Qtp

QTP

Prepared ByAshish Kumar Srivastava


What is automation

What is Automation-

  • Test Automation is the use of software to control the execution of tests & the comparison of results- actual with the predicted/expected.

  • A software program that is used to test another software program, this is referred to as Automated software testing.

  • A third party tool is used to test the application.

  • Use of automation tools reduces the test time as well as the cost.

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Why automation

Why Automation-

. Avoid the errors that human make when they get tired after multiple repetitions.

. The test program wont skip any test by mistakes.

. Each feature test cycle will take less time & Required less

human intervention.

. Required for Easy cycle of Regression Testing.

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Benefits of test automation

Benefits of Test Automation-

. Allows more testing to be done

. Strengthen Test Cycle

. Testing is Consistent, repeatable

. Useful when new patches released

. Makes configuration testing easier

. Test battery can be continuously improved

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


False benefits

False Benefits-

. Fewer tests will be needed

. It will be easier if it is automated

. Compensate for poor design

. No more Manual Testing

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


What are the different tools available in the market for functional testing

What are the different tools available in the market (for functional testing)-

. Rational Robot

. Win Runner

. QTP

. Silk Test

. QA Run

. Web FT

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Life cycle of automation

Life Cycle Of Automation-

Analyze the Application

Select The Tool

Identify the session

Design/ Record Test Scripts

Run the test scripts

Finding & Reporting the defects

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


What is the diff between wr qtp

What is the diff. between WR & QTP-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Introduction to qtp

Introduction to QTP -

. Developed by Mercury interactive But Now by HP

. Developed for web functionality

.QTP supports both web applications & windows applications

. QTP Developed in 2002

. Test Script developed on VB Script

. QTP supports Languages is

.NET. J2EE, Main Frame, XML,Java

ERP -> SAP, Seibel, People soft

. QTP Supports both Technical & Non Technical People

. QTP run on only windows platform not supporting UNIX, Linux etc

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Versions of qtp

Versions of QTP -

QTP 5.5 2002

5.6

6.0 Industry started from this version

6.5

8.0

Rapidly working on(8.0,,9.0)

9.0

9.2 Current Version

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Environment needs for qtp

Environment needs for QTP -

System Requirement : IBM-PC (or) Equivalent to P3

Hardware Drive : 250MB of Free Memory space

RAM : 256MB of RAM

OS : M/S windows 2000 server with 3-4 service pack

M/S windows XP with 1-2 SP

M/S windows 2003 with no service pack

Web Browser : MS Internet Explorer 5.5

Netscape Navigator 6.11, 6.22, 6.23, 7.02, 7.1

AOL 8.0, 9.0

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Overview of qtp

Overview of QTP -

  • Testing Process of QTP

  • Windows Structure of QTP

  • Add Ins of QTP

  • Architecture of QTP

  • Execution process in QTP

  • Development of Automation Test

  • Recording Modes in QTP

  • Object Repository

  • Object Spy

  • Transaction

  • Virtual Object

  • Check Points

  • Actions

  • Exception Handling

  • Object identification

  • Ordinal Identifier

  • Smart Identification

  • Output Values

  • Synchronization point

  • QTP Run Modes

  • Regular Expressions

  • Descriptive Programming

  • Environment Variables

  • VB-Script

  • Hoe to work with Functions

  • Associated Library

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Testing process of qtp

Testing Process of QTP -

1) Record & Run Settings

2) Develop Automation Testing

3) Enhance/ Customize Automation test

4) Debug Automation Test

5) Execute Automation Test

6) Analyze Test Results

7) Report defects in bug tracking tool

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Window structure of qtp

Window Structure of QTP -

1) Test Pane

2) Active Screen

3) Data Table

4) Debug Viewer

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Add ins of qtp

Add Ins of QTP -

It gives information about the technology supported by the QTP

By default three Add Ins are there in QTP

1) ActiveX

2) VB

3) Web

Additional Add ins:

1) Java

2) Oracle

3) People soft

4) .NET

5) Terminal Emulator

6) SAP

7) Siebel

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Add in manager

Add In Manager

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Architecture of qtp

Architecture Of QTP -

  • Execution Process in QTP

  • Development of Automation Test

    • Recording

    • Writing

    • Function Generator

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Recording modes of qtp

Recording Modes of QTP -

There are three recording modes in QTP -

1)Normal Recording Mode

2) Analog Recording Mode

3) Low Level Recording Mode

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Record a test

Record a Test

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Record run settings

Record & Run Settings-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Run a test and save results

Run a Test and Save Results-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


View test results

View Test Results-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Object repository

Object Repository-

Object Repository is nothing but a storage location. It contains the collection logical name and physical description of a particular object.

Logical Name: For Naming Convention

Physical Description : is Nothing but expected physical properties

Two types of Object Repositories are available in QTP-

1) Per Action (.mtr)

2) Shared Object Repository (.tsr)

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Open the object repository dialog box

Open the Object Repository Dialog Box-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Object spy

Object Spy-

Object spy is used to display or view all the physical properties and methods of an object or a window based on the requirement.

Example: If window(“Login”). Exists Then

Msgbox(“Pass”)

else

Msgbox(“Fail”)

End If

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Virtual object

Virtual Object-

Virtual Object is used to identify the properties of similar objects in a particular Area.

Example: In normal recording if we select the paint brush window, the script will look like this-

window(“Paint”).Activate

Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Click 72,16

Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Click 80,14

window(“Paint”).Close

If we are using Virtual object, the script will look like this-

window(“Paint”).Activate

Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Virtual Button(“RED”)

Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Virtual Button(“BLUE”)

window(“Paint”).Close

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Check points

Check Points-

Check Point is a verification point that compares the current value of the specified property with the expected value for that property.

There are 9 types of check points are available in QTP.

They are-

1) Standard Check Point

2) Text/ Text Area Check Point

3) Bitmap Check point

4) Database Check Point

5) Table Check Point

6) Page Check Point

7) XML Check Point

8) Image Check Point

9) Accessibility Check Point

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Checkpoint types

Checkpoint Types

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Inserting a checkpoint during recording

Inserting a Checkpoint During Recording-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Insert a checkpoint after recording

Insert a Checkpoint After Recording-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Identifying a failed checkpoint

Identifying a Failed Checkpoint-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Actions

Actions-

Action is nothing but a logical portion to entire script file based on the requirement. Each and every action should have meaningful result.

Types of Actions:

1) Regular (By default)

2) Reusable

3) External

How to work with Actions:

1) Call to copy of Action

2) Call to Existing Action

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Data driven test

Data Driven Test-

Testing the same application with multiple sets of data.

How to use parameterization:

Ex:

Before parameterization

Dialog(“Login”).Activate

Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“name”).Set ”Axis”

Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“Password).SetSecure”axisitt”

Dialog”Login”.Close

After Parameterization

Dialog(“Login”).Activate

Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“Login name”).Set DataTable(”name”, dtglobalsheet)

Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“Password). (”password”, dtglobalsheet) Dialog”Login”.Close

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Using data sheet global local location

Using Data Sheet (Global, Local & Location)-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Setting the parameter value

Setting the Parameter Value-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Test results iterations

Test Results Iterations-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Exception handling

Exception Handling-

It enables Quick test to detect and handle when unexpected

error occurred during execution time.

Types of Exception Handling:

1) Popup Exception Handling

2) Object State Exception Handling

3) Test Run Exception Handling

4) Application Crash

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Object identification

Object Identification-

By using object identification we can map “customer user defined object” to “standard Class”.

Two types of properties are their in object Identification:

1) Mandatory Properties

2) Assistive properties

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Ordinal identifier

Ordinal Identifier-

By using ordinal identifier options quick test able to identify an

object under ordinal identifier.

Three Components are available in ordinal identifier

1) Index

2) Location

3) Creation time

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Smart identification

Smart Identification-

Quick test unable to identify the object, it is change randomly. To identify such object we need to use Smart Identification.

Two properties are available in Smart identification

They are-

1) Base Filter Properties

2) Optional Filter Properties

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Synchronization point

Synchronization Point-

Synchronization point maintains the time coordination between testing process and your application process.

There are 4 types of synchronization points:

1) Sync

2) Wait, wait(5) or wait 5

3) Wait Property

4) Exist

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Qtp test run modes

QTP Test Run Modes-

In QTP, we have 2 types of run modes-

1) Normal

2) Fast

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Regular expressions

Regular Expressions-

It enables quick test to identify test string with varying value (varying means changing)

Regular Expressions can be used in the following areas:

1) Check Points

2) In parameterization

3) Data Driven test

4) Actions

5) Exception Handling….etc

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Using a regular expression

Using a Regular Expression-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Some regular expressions

Some Regular Expressions-

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Descriptive programming

Descriptive Programming-

Without using the object repository test engineer can develop automation test in this particular accept, we need to use a technique called as descriptive programming.

Script:

Dialog(“test:=Login”).Activate

Dialog(“text;=Login”).wineidt(“attached text:= Login name”). Set “Axisitt”

Dialog(“text:=Login”).wineidt(“attached text:= Password”). Set “88888” .

Dialog(“text:=Login”).Close

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


How to work with environmental variables

How to work with Environmental variables-

It is a special type of variable which is use to expose the data related to environment.

Environment Variables

Built Inuser defined

InternalExternal

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Qtp

  • VB Script

  • Associated library

  • How to work with methods

  • How to work with functions

  • Back End testing

  • How to work with Win Runner

  • How to connect Quality center

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Comments queries

Comments & Queries-

Queries are always welcome.

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


Feedback

Feedback-

-Please spend few minutes from your

valuable time to provide your feedback.

-It will help us to improve in next sessions.

Thanks & Happy Testing..

Ashish Kumar Srivastava


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