Cities at Risk
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

Cities at Risk : PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 59 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Cities at Risk : Building Adaptive Capacity For Managing Climate Change in Asia’s Coastal Megacities. Governance Challenges and Opportunities. David Dodman and David Satterthwaite [[email protected] / [email protected]]

Download Presentation

Cities at Risk :

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Cities at risk

Cities at Risk:

Building Adaptive Capacity For Managing Climate Change in Asia’s Coastal Megacities

Governance Challenges

and Opportunities

David Dodman and David Satterthwaite

[[email protected] / [email protected]]

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)


Cities at risk

Governance Challenges and Opportunities

Outline

  • impacts of climate change and distribution of vulnerability

  • the roles and responsibilities of urban authorities

  • the role of urban authorities in climate change adaptation

  • specific governance interventions for adaptation

  • supporting effective urban governance

  • governance for mitigation


Cities at risk

Climate Change Impacts in Urban Areas:

Changes in Means


Cities at risk

Climate Change Impacts in Urban Areas:

Changes in Extremes


Cities at risk

Climate Change Impacts in Urban Areas:

Changes in Exposure


Cities at risk

The Distribution of Vulnerability

  • People most at risk from climate change are those who are:

  • least able to avoid the direct or indirect impacts

  • likely to be most affected

  • least able to cope with the illness, injury, premature death or loss of income, livelihood or assets caused by climate change impacts

Mandaue City, Philippines


Cities at risk

Roles and Responsibilities of Local Authorities

  • Finance

  • Engineering/Public works

  • Development planning and development control

  • Environmental health

  • Public health

  • Social/community/safety services

  • Emergency services

  • Administration


Cities at risk

How does the quality of government influence levels of climate change risk for the urban poor?

  • quality of provision for infrastructure

  • quality of provision for disaster-preparedness

  • quality of disaster preparedness

  • quality of disaster response

  • extent to which poorer groups can buy, build or rent ‘safe’ housing in ‘safe’ sites

  • degree to which local government creates an enabling environment for local civil-society action


Cities at risk

Urban authorities and disaster risk

Built Environment

* It is important that these do not inhibit rapid responses


Cities at risk

Urban authorities and disaster risk

Infrastructure

* Particularly important prior to extreme rainfall – which is often anticipated


Cities at risk

Urban authorities and disaster risk

Services

* Particularly important prior to extreme rainfall – which is often anticipated


Cities at risk

Key Messages for Urban Authorities

There are large overlaps between most of the measures needed now for local development and those required for adaptation.

There are large overlaps between climate-change adaptation and building resilience to extreme weather and disasters.

Dhaka, Bangladesh


Cities at risk

Urban Adaptation: Strategic Actions

  • Identify current conditions and vulnerability

  • Adjust existing, conventional city development plans and strategies

  • Adjust the planning and regulatory framework to support adaptation by households, community organizations, NGOs and the private sector

  • Respond to bottom-up pressures and support community capacities


Cities at risk

Strategic Actions for Adaptation

Durban, South Africa

  • ‘Climate Future for Durban’ programme including ‘Headline Climate Change Adaptation Strategy’

  • increasing water-absorbing capacity of urban landscape

  • improving urban drainage and storm-sewer design

  • increasing height of natural shoreline stabilization measures

  • utilizing storm-water retention / detention ponds and constructed wetlands

  • land-use planning and zoning to avoid locating structures in risky areas

  • working with industry to reduce water demand


Cities at risk

Strategic Actions for Adaptation

Cape Town, South Africa

Source: Mukheibir P, Ziervogel G (2007). ‘Developing a Municipal Adaptation Plan for climate change: the city of Cape Town’ Environment and Urbanization 19(1): 143-158.


Cities at risk

Physical Pressures (Climate Change)

Demographic Pressures (Urbanization)

Supporting Effective Urban Governance

National

Governments

Donors

Funding

Financial and

Legal Frameworks

Local

Authorities

Citizen Pressure

and Accountability

Urban Residents


Cities at risk

Governance for Mitigation

Source: Dodman D (2009). ‘Blaming cities for climate change? An analysis of urban greenhouse gas emissions inventories’ Environment and Urbanization 21(1).


Cities at risk

Cities at Risk:

Building Adaptive Capacity For Managing Climate Change in Asia’s Coastal Megacities

Governance Challenges

and Opportunities

David Dodman and David Satterthwaite

[[email protected] / [email protected]]

International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)


  • Login