Death penalty
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Death Penalty. Katie Schofield John Grib Doug MacDonald . Introduction. “Sentence of death upon a person by the state as a punishment for an offence” Crimes punishable by death are called capital crimes or offences Currently 58 countries practice the death penalty. History.

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Death Penalty

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Death penalty

Death Penalty

Katie Schofield

John Grib

Doug MacDonald


Introduction

Introduction

  • “Sentence of death upon a person by the state as a punishment for an offence”

  • Crimes punishable by death are called capital crimes or offences

  • Currently 58 countries practice the death penalty


History

History

  • Used in colonial America for murders and other crimes

  • Karla Faye Tucker: first woman to be executed in Texas

  • Furman vs. Georgia- 1972 ruled all capital punishment unconstitutional. Determined to be “cruel and unusual”

  • 1976- death penalty was reinstated as constitutional

  • By 2009 1,167 prisoners had been executed in the U.S.


Death penalty

Pros

  • Helps deter crime

  • Is an appropriate punishment- serves justice

  • Not using death penalty risks criminals killing again

  • Helps control over population in prisons


Death penalty

Cons

  • Religions believe all killing is wrong

  • Bad way to teach that killing is wrong

  • Biased (those sentenced to death are mostly men, minorities, and people who can’t afford a good defense team

  • Expensive ($2-3.5 million to execute one person)

  • Some argue it isn’t a significant deterrent

  • Possibility of executing innocent people


Interest groups

Interest Groups

  • Amnesty International- working to abolish the death penalty

    • They believe it is a denial of human rights

    • Campaigns to abolish the death penalty

    • Focus on individual cases, supporting repeal efforts

  • Justice for All (prodeathpenalty.com) - pro death penalty

    • Exert social and legislative influence

    • An organization to reform the criminal justice system through private and corporate membership


Evidence statistics

Evidence/ Statistics

  • Pro


Evidence statistics1

Evidence/ Statistics

  • Con

    • Costs

• The California death penalty system costs taxpayers $114 million per year beyond the costs of keeping convicts locked up for life.

Taxpayers have paid more than $250 million for each of the state’s executions. (L.A. Times, March 6, 2005)

• In Kansas, the costs of capital cases are 70% more expensive than comparable non-capital cases, including the costs of incarceration.

(Kansas Performance Audit Report, December 2003).

• In Maryland, an average death penalty case resulting in a death sentence costs approximately $3 million. The eventual costs to

Maryland taxpayers for cases pursued 1978-1999 will be $186 million. Five executions have resulted. (Urban Institute 2008).


Evidence statistics2

Evidence/ Statistics


Evidence statistics3

Evidence/ Statistics

  • • A comprehensive study of the death penalty in North Carolina found that the odds of receiving a death sentence rose by 3.5 times among those defendants whose victims were white. (Prof. Jack Boger and Dr. Isaac Unah, University of North Carolina, 2001).

  • • A study in California found that those who killed whites were over 3 times more likely to be sentenced to death than those who killed blacks and over 4 times more likely than those who killed Latinos. (Pierce & Radelet, Santa Clara Law Review 2005).


Evidence statistics4

Evidence/ Statistics


Evidence statistics5

Evidence/ Statistics


Recent developments

Recent Developments

  • Death sentences are at their lowest rates since 1976

  • Illinois signed an abolition bill of the death penalty in 2011

  • It looks like Connecticut will be the next state to abolish the death penalty

  • Current Governor Dannel Malloy said he would sign a death penalty bill if passed by the House and Senate.

  • North Carolina Governor Beverly Perdue vetoed a bill that would essentiall repeal a former bill that gave death row inmates a new way to argue that their skin color influenced their sentences


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • White, Deborah. "Pros & Cons of the Death Penalty and Capital Punishment." Liberal & Progressive Politics & Perspectives. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://usliberals.about.com/od/deathpenalty/i/DeathPenalty.htm>.

  • "Death Penalty." Issues & Controversies On File: n. pag. Issues & Controversies. Facts On File News Services, 1 May 1998. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.2facts.com/article/i0300920>.

  • "Abolish the Death Penalty | Amnesty International USA." Amnesty International USA | Protect Human Rights. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/campaigns/abolish-the-death-penalty?id=1011005>.

  • Justice For All - A Criminal Justice Reform Organization. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.jfa.net/index.html>.


Bibliography1

Bibliography

  • Baynes, Terry. "Study Finds Death Penalty Use in Decline| Reuters." Business & Financial News, Breaking US & International News | Reuters.com. 15 Dec. 2011. Web. 16 Dec. 2011. <http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/12/15/us-study-finds-death-penalty-idUSTRE7BE29M20111215>.

  • "Executing Prisoners From a Financial Viewpoint « Stew!" Stew! Web. 16 Dec. 2011. <http://bradnehring.wordpress.com/2011/01/24/executing-prisoners-from-a-financial-viewpoint/>.

  • "What We Sacrifice on Death Row - SFGate." Featured Articles From The SFGate. 30 June 2008. Web. 16 Dec. 2011. <http://articles.sfgate.com/2008-06-30/opinion/17164745_1_death-penalty-penalty-system-executions>.


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