Trends in international journalism 1 March 2007. The Public Service Broadcasting Model as a case Examples from South Africa, Zimbabwe and Ethiopia meet examples from UK, Denmark and Norway [email protected] Many models of journalism.
The West, the North, The first world, the developed countries
The South, the third world, the underdeveloped/ developing countries
The minority world
”few know what they want, and very few what they need”.
not always a fruitful division:
– the roles are increasingly intertwined
– more hybrid institutions
– ’public service for citizens’ can suppress some forms of expressions whereas ‘commercial broadcasting for consumers’ can be empowering
End of apartheid.
Main challenge: bring all different groups together.
The public broadcaster SABC central in this process.
The question of the appointment of ANC profiles to control the institution, I think it is very difficult. I don’t think it is necessary. The people I admire in this country mostly are aligned with the ANC, I share their views and the views of 70 percent of the population. And this is what intrigues me, if the ANC has support from more than seventy percent of the population, why do they need this control. I don’t understand those policies. I don’t understand why it is necessary to control everything. I think there are many people, many politicians in this country who want to control. It is the legacy of the apartheid we came from. And the idea that everything we will do we can do because 70 percent of the population support us. (…)
My heart belongs to the ANC, but that has nothing to do with me as a newsmaker .
a two-way road:
– towards increased openess and democracy (South Africa)
– reverseal toward authoritarianism (Zim)
– at a crossroad/ a mixture (Ethiopia)
Ghana 6 March 1957
(South Africa, Namibia...)
A member of an excluded ethnic group may have formal citizen rights, but media as a cultural mechanism may operate to hinder the genuine development as a full member of the society.
‘Cultural citizenship’ may be as important as ‘political citizenship’.
Ex: Denmark: Big Brother.