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Present time. Я читаю ( щовечора ) . I read every evening . – Present Simple Я читаю ( зараз ) . I am reading now. – Present Continuous Я читаю (вже три години / з ранку). I have been reading for three hours / since morning. – Present Perfect Continuous. Present time( Я ЧИТАЮ ).

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Present time

Present time


Present time1

  • Я читаю (щовечора).

    I readevery evening. – Present Simple

  • Я читаю (зараз).

    I am reading now. – Present Continuous

  • Я читаю (вже три години / з ранку).

    Ihave been reading for three hours / since morning. – Present Perfect Continuous

Present time(Я ЧИТАЮ)


Present simple formation

Present simple (formation)

(+) We likeEnglish.

1st form of the verb

He likes English.

1st form +s/es

(-) We don’t like English.

do + not + 1st form of the verb

He doesn’t like English.

does + not + 1st form of the verb

(?) Do you like English?

Whydo you like English?

Does he like English?

Whydoes he like English?

  • Pronunciation of –(e)s

    • [z]

      ends, plays, plans, fills, does

    • [s]

      asks, puts, stops

    • [iz]

      passes, washes, teaches

    • Spelling

    • -ch, -sh, -s, -x +escatches, wishes, passes, fixes

    • A conconant +-y +es = ies

      carries, studies


Present simple use

Present simple (use)

  • Regular repeated / routine action

    neverseldomsometimesoftenusually always

    every Sunday morning, three times a week

  • Permanent situations

  • Scientific facts

  • With stative verbs (instead of continuous forms)

  • Future (in timetables, regulations, programmes)

  • Time clauses with future meaning (as soon as, when, after, before, till, until, if)

  • We go swimming every Saturday.

  • He never gets home after 10 p.m.

  • They don’t often travel abroad.

  • He comes from Canada.

  • Water melts at 00 C.

  • Does she hear?

  • I’m sorry, but I strongly disagree.

  • The train leaves at 9.05.

  • When do the lessons begin?

  • I’ll see him as soon as/when I am free.

  • Give this to Jane if you can.


Present continuous formation

Present continuous (formation)

(+) I am sitting in class.

He is sitting in class.

We are sitting in class.

be+ Ving

(-) I am not chewing.

He is not chewing now.

We are not chewing now.

be+ not + Ving

(?) Are you sleeping?

Whereare you going?

Is she sleeping?

Whereis she going?

  • Spelling –ingform

  • A consonant + -e = drop –e and add –ing

    smile – smiling

  • One vowel + one consonant = double the consonant and add –ing

    run - running

  • -ie + -ing = ying

    die + ing = dying

  • Contracted forms


Present continuous use

Present continuous (use)

With action verbs to talk about

  • actions happening now/ around now

  • changing / developing situations

  • temporary situations

  • annoying habits with always

  • arrangements and plans in future

  • I think he is watching a hockey match.

  • She’scarrying out an experiment.

  • The weather is getting better.

  • He is staying in the hotel.

  • He’s always buying her presents.

  • Are you leaving tomorrow?


Present perfect continuous formation

Present perfect continuous (formation)

(+) I’vebeen cleaning the house.

He’sbeen cleaning the house.

have/has + been + Ving

(-) I haven’t been living inthe hotel.

Shehasn’t been living in the hotel.

have/has + not + been + Ving

(?) How long have you beenreading the book?

  • Contractions

    (+) have = ’ve

    has = ’s

    (-) have + not = haven’t

    has + not = hasn’t


Present perfect continuous use

Present perfect continuous (use)

  • An action is not complete

  • An activity is temporary

  • A recent activity (effects are seen)

  • To emphasize how long an action has been going on

  • I’vebeen studying English.

  • I’vebeen living here for a year but I’m going to move.

  • I’vebeen running. I’ll take a shower.

  • He’sbeen replying to e-mails all morning.


Non continuous verbs

Non-continuous verbs


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