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Linear Perspective

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Linear Perspective

The Illusion of Space

- Is a drawing technique used for creating an illusion of space where parallel lines converge on the viewer’s horizon line

- The following items play a major role in creating the illusion of space:
- Horizon Line: viewer’s point of where the vanishing point lies; distant convergence of the sky and ground
- Vanishing Point: point where all perspective lines converge
- Perspective Lines: lines that recede to the horizon line
- Overlap: objects closer appear in front of distant objects
- Scale: objects farther away appear smaller than those that are closer
- Ellipse: circle placed into perspective
- Atmospheric/Aerial Perspective: object far away appear less distinct, bluer in color and light is reduced

- Horizon Line: viewer’s point of where the vanishing point lies; distant convergence of the sky and ground

- Vanishing Point: point where all perspective lines converge

- Perspective Lines: lines that recede to the horizon line

- Overlap: objects closer appear in front of distant objects

- Scale: objects farther away appear smaller than those that are closer

- Ellipse: circle placed into perspective

- Atmospheric Perspective: object far away appear less distinct, bluer in color and light is reduced

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- Perspective Lines: lines that recede to the horizon line

- Two vanishing points

Vanishing point

Horizon line

Perspective lines

The shape

Egyptian Wall Painting. 2548-1350 B.C.

Leonardo da Vinci. The Last Supper. 1499.

GustaveCaillabotte. La place de l'Europe, temps de pluie; 1877

Thomas Cole. View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm. 1836.