The Family as a Primary Agent of Socialization. Learning Goals : Definition of family Functions of the family Types of families Case studies : what happens to a person when the family does not socialize their children properly ? Genie Harlow’s Monkey Experiment
The Family as a Primary Agent of Socialization
Definition of family
Functions of the family
Types of families
Case studies: what happens to a person when the family does not socialize their children properly?
Harlow’s Monkey Experiment
2 Year Old Goes to the Hospital Experiment
“Any combination of two or more persons who are bound together over time by ties of mutual consent, birth and/or adoption or placement and who, together, assume responsibilities for variant combinations of some of the following:
Feral Children - The Case of Genie - Mocking bird Don’t Sing (movie)
Harlow’s Monkey Experiment
2 Year Old Goes to the Hospital
So…what happens when the process of Socialization is absent or abnormal in childhood?
Genie – Wild Child – Feral and Isolated Children
Modern Examples of Isolated Children
Attachment Theory – Harlow’s Monkey Experiment & A Two year old goes to the hospital
A feral child is a human child who has lived away from human contact from a very young age, and has little or no experience of human care, loving or social behavior, and, crucially, of human language. Feral children are confined by humans (often parents), brought up by animals, or live in the wild in isolation.
Oxana Malaya (born November 1983) was found as an 8-year-old feral child in Ukraine in 1991, having lived most of her life in the company of dogs.
Genie was a feral child who spent nearly all of the first thirteen years of her life locked inside a room. She was discovered by authorities on November 4, 1970. Genie is the fourth (and second surviving) child of unstable parents, Irene and Clark. An elder brother also lived in the home.
Psychologist, linguists and other scientists exhibited great interest in the case due to its perceived ability to reveal insights into the development of language and linguistic critical periods.
TORTURED BY HIS OWN FAMILY: THE SIX-YEAR-OLD CHAINED IN A CLOSET
A Two Year Old Goes to the Hospital
A film showing the suffering of a little girl in hospital separated from her mother
If going to hospital means losing the care of the mother, the young child will fret for her -- no matter how kind the doctors, nurses, and play ladies. This film classic, made in 1952, drew attention to the plight of young patients at a time when visiting by parents was severely restricted.
Laura, aged 2, is in hospital for 8 days to have a minor operation. She is too young to understand her mother's absence. Because her mother is not there and the nurses change frequently, she has to face the fears, frights and hurts with no familiar person to cling to. She is extremely upset and becomes quiet. But at the end of her stay she is withdrawn from her mother, shaken in her trust.
In recent years there have been great changes in children's wards, partly brought about by this film. But many young children still go to hospital without the mother, and despite the play ladies and volunteers the depth of their distress and the risks to later mental health remain an insufficiently recognized problem.
Harry F. Harlow, Monkey Love Experiments
In a well-known series of experiments conducted between 1957 and 1963, researcher Harry Harlow removed baby rhesus monkeys from their mothers, and offered them a choice between two surrogate mothers, one made of terrycloth, the other of wire.
In Harlow's classic experiment, two groups of baby rhesus monkeys were removed from their mothers. In the first group, a terrycloth mother provided no food, while a wire mother did, in the form of an attached baby bottle containing milk. In the second group, a terrycloth mother provided food; the wire mother did not. It was found that the young monkeys clung to the terrycloth mother whether or not it provided them with food, and that the young monkeys chose the wire surrogate only when it provided food.
Whenever a frightening stimulus was brought into the cage, the monkeys ran to the cloth mother for protection and comfort, no matter which mother provided them with food.