Quality Assurance Program (QAP) Manual. Objectives. Define a Quality Assurance Program (QAP) Review common terminology Discuss the fundamentals of an acceptance program Discuss the fundamentals of an independent assurance program Develop a QAP for your local agency needs
Quality Assurance Program (QAP) Manual
Caltrans Division of Local Assistance Publications
Local Assistance Procedures Manual (LAPM) ( February 10, 2009)
Quality Assurance Program
Oversight and Process Review
Quality Assurance Program (QAP) Manual for Use
by Local Agencies (January 20, 2011)
What is a QAP?
The Code of Federal Regulations (Title 23, Section 637.05) states a state transportation department shall:
“…develop a quality assurance program which will assure that the materials and workmanship incorporated into each Federal-aid highway construction project…are in conformity with the requirements of the approved plans and specifications…”
Local Assistance Procedures Manual
Chapter 16.14, “Quality Assurance Program”
“A sampling and testing program that will provide assurance that the materials and workmanship incorporated in each highway construction project are in conformance with the contract specifications.”
Quality Assurance Program (QAP) Manual for Use by Local Agencies (January 20, 2011)
Quality Assurance Program (QAP) Manual for Use by Local Agencies
(January 20, 2011)
A QAP consists of:
Developing a QAP
Acceptance Program Fundamentals
Lot size: 4500 tons
*Test every 500 cubic yards of concrete. For paving, test for flexural strength once every 500 cubic yards of concrete. For structural concrete, test two cylinders for compressive strength for every 500 cubic yards of concrete.
Websites for Additional Testing Standards
· American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
· American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
· National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
· California Test (CT) Methods
Example of a Vendor’s
Certificate of Compliance
This is to certify that the Portland Cement
Supplied by ABC Cement Company complies with all requirements for Type II Portland Cement when tested in accordance with ASTM C - 494.
Local Agency Project No. Albert Howakowa HP21L – 5055 – 111 Quality Assurance Engineer ABC Cement Company
Construction Materials Accepted by a Certificate of Compliance
Structural Metal Plate Pipe Arches and Pipe ArchesPerforated Steel PipePolyvinyl Chloride Pipe and Polyethylene TubingSteel Entrance Tapers, Pipe Downdrains, Reducers, Coupling Bands and Slip JointsAluminum Pipe (Entrance Tapers, Arches, Pipe Downdrains, Reducers, Coupling Bands and Slip Joints)Metal Target PlatesPaint (Traffic Stripe)ConductorsPainting of Electrical EquipmentElectrical ComponentsEngineering FabricsPortland Cement, Mineral Admixtures and Chemical AdmixturesConcrete Coarse Aggregate (Cleanness Value)Concrete Fine Aggregate (Sand Equivalent)PCC AdmixturesMinor Concrete Liquid AsphaltAsphaltic EmulsionsEpoxyHot Mix Asphalt (Quantities Less Than 10 Tons)
Independent Assurance (IA) Fundamentals
An Independent Assurance Program ensures the sampling and testing is performed correctly and the testing equipment used in the program is operating correctly and remains calibrated. It involves a separate and distinct schedule of sampling, testing and observation.
AASHTO Certificate of Accreditation
If the local agency has an in-house IA Program
QAP and Lessons Learned
Sample of QAP that
has been used
by most if not all.
First lesson learned:
One size does NOT fit all!
Bomasur Banzon, Lead IA Eng (HQ)
Ignocencio Herrera, Dist. 1, 2, &3
David Small, Dist. 4, 5, & 6 (northern)
Seree Yenjai, Dist. 6 (southern), 7, 8, &9
Afsaneh Ostovar, Dist. 11 & 12