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Grammar – Part 2 – the Past. Past Simple – Past Continuous. Past Simple. Recapitulation: Past Simple – Verleden tijd -> simpele vorm : I worked/he worked. Gebruik nooit een –s in de verleden tijd . Examples: ‘We went out for a drink last night’

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past simple
Past Simple
  • Recapitulation:
  • Past Simple – Verledentijd -> simpelevorm: I worked/he worked. Gebruiknooiteen –s in de verledentijd.
  • Examples:
  • ‘We went out for a drink last night’
  • Vorm: helewerkwoord + -edbijregelmatigewerkwoordenzoals [I play -> I played] maarbijonregelmatigewerkwoordeneigenuniekevorm [I teach -> I taught]
  • Echter, in vraagzinnen en ontkennendezinnengebruik v/h hulpwerkwoord ‘did’. N.B. -> nahulpwerkwoord ‘did’ altijd het helew.w. gebruiken!
past simple1
Past Simple
  • John wrote an e-mail yesterday
  • Key Words Past Simple!
  • Time references:
  • - yesterday
  • - last week, last year, last month, last Christmas, etc.
  • - in 2004, in 1969, etc.
  • - two weeks ago, 4 years ago, etc.
  • - na: ‘when’
  • * Gebruik:
  • - Alsiets in het verledenplaatsvond en afgelopen is!
  • - Wanneeraangegeven is WANNEER iets is gebeurd [yesterday, last week, see other keywords above]
  • - wanneer de zinbegint met ‘when’, bijnaaltijd Past
  • Simple [“when I was young”, “whendid you go home?”]
  • Dus: N-E “hijheeftvorige week een brief geschreven” = “he
  • wrote a letter last week”.
past continuous
Past Continuous
  • Past Continuous – verledentijd -> I was working/you were working
  • *Examples:
  • - ‘They were listening to a new song when I rang’
  • - ‘Look at this photo: the sun was shining that day!’
  • - ‘Were you doing your homework while I was chatting online?’
  • Vorm:
  • Was/were+ helew.w. + ing-vorm
  • Bijvragendevorm en ontkennendevorm was/were + not + ing-vorm (omdat ‘to be’ al functioneertalseenhulpwerkwoord en dusnietnogeens ‘do’ alshulpwerkwoordnodigheeft)
past continuous1
Past Continuous
  • 1. John was writing an e-mail while his father came home
  • 2.John was writing an e-mail when his father came home
  • 3.John was writing an e-mail as his father came home
  • Keywords Past Continuous:
  • -while

-when [N.B. ‘when’ is dusookeensleutelwoord v/d Past Continuous maarkomtdanvoor in eenzin met de Past Continuous EN de Past Simple en wordtdanookweeropgevolgd door de Past Simple [see example 2 above -> came]

  • -as
  • *Gebruik:
  • - alsiets in het verledenenigetijdvoortduurde
  • Examples: As I was crossing the street, I fell and broke my leg.
  • What were you doing when the thieves came into your house?
past continuous2
Past Continuous
  • NOTA BENE!
  • De zogenaamde ‘state verbs’, gezien in de Present Continuous wordenookniet in de Past Continuous gebruikt.
  • -Je zegtdusniet: I was understanding en ooknietI was hating, etc
past simple past continuous exercises
Past Simple– Past Continuous -> exercises
  • 1. She said that she (drive) ........................... at 30 k.p.h. When the dog suddenly (cross) .............. the road.
  • 2. When we arrived they (had) ................... lunch. They apologized for starting without us but said that they always (to have lunch) ................... at 12.30.
  • 3. She said that she (hate) ............... her present job and (try) ............... to find another.
  • 4. She (say) ............... that she (knit) .......... herself a jumper and that she (think) ............... it would be ready before Christmas.
  • 5. It (snow) ..........and cars (slide) .............. all over the road.
  • 6. While I (sunbathe) ................. someone (take) ...... my shoes and I (have to) ................... walk home on my bare feet.
past simple past continuous exercises1
Past Simple– Past Continuous -> exercises
  • 7. They had turned the bike upside down and (mend) ............ the puncture. I asked how long it would take.
  • 8. The killer (carry) ............ the body down the stairs when all of a sudden he (hear) .............. a key in the front door.
  • 9. While the guests (eat) ..................., burglars (enter) .................... the house and (steal) ............... a lot of fur coats.
  • 10. She (sit) ............ at the bus stop. I asked her which bus she (wait) .............. for.
  • 11. The car was empty but the engine (run) ...............
past simple past continuous answers
Past Simple– Past Continuous -> answers
  • Key to answers:
  • 1. was driving / crossed
  • 2. were having / had lunch
  • 3. hated / was trying
  • 4. was knitting / thought
  • 5. was snowing / were sliding
  • 6. was sunbathing / took / I had to
  • 7. were mending
  • 8. was carrying / heard
  • 9. were eating / entered / stole
  • 10. was sitting / was waiting for
  • 11. was running
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