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INSTRUCTIONS. Take a copy of RT 8-1 on the bookshelf in the back Take a copy of the 6-2 Notes Make sure your name is on the worksheet and place your finished work in the basket on the back bookshelf You have 10 minutes to do this. U.S. HISTORY CHAPTER 6-2 FOREIGN AFFAIRS TROUBLE THE NATION.

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INSTRUCTIONS

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Instructions

INSTRUCTIONS

  • Take a copy of RT 8-1 on the bookshelf in the back

  • Take a copy of the 6-2 Notes

  • Make sure your name is on the worksheet and place your finished work in the basket on the back bookshelf

  • You have 10 minutes to do this


Instructions 5733052

U.S. HISTORY

CHAPTER 6-2

FOREIGN AFFAIRS TROUBLE THE NATION


U s response to events in europe

U.S. RESPONSE TO EVENTS IN EUROPE

  • In 1789, the French Revolution began

  • Most Americans supported the Revolution as it was seen as a struggle against tyranny


U s response to events in europe1

U.S. RESPONSE TO EVENTS IN EUROPE

  • In 1793, a radical group called the Jacobins seized power in France

  • They launched the Reign of Terror, beheading thousands of “enemies of the state”

  • They then declared war on other monarchies, including Great Britain


U s response to events in europe2

U.S. RESPONSE TO EVENTS IN EUROPE

  • The war between France and Britain split the American people

  • Democratic-Republicans wanted to support France

  • Federalists wanted to support Great Britain


U s response to events in europe3

U.S. RESPONSE TO EVENTS IN EUROPE

  • Washington took a middle position and issued a Proclamation of Neutrality

  • This meant the United States would support neither side

  • Washington felt that entering a war was not in the national interest


Treaty with spain

TREATY WITH SPAIN

  • The United States had several unresolved issues with Spain

  • Both the U.S. and Spain claimed land southwest of the Appalachian mountains

  • The U.S. also wanted to gain shipping rights on the Mississippi River

  • The U.S. and Spain signed the Pinckney Treaty in 1795


Instructions 5733052

  • In the treaty :

    • Spain gave up all claims to land east of the Mississippi, except Florida

    • Recognized the 31st Parallel as the U.S.-Florida border

    • Opened up the Mississippi River to the U.S. for travel

    • Allowed American traders use of the port of New Orleans


Instructions 5733052

  • In the Treaty of Paris of 1783, which ended the Revolutionary War, Great Britain gave the U.S. its land rights west of the Appalachians

  • Settlers poured into the West after the Revolution

  • This lead to Tennessee and Kentucky becoming states in the 1790s


Instructions 5733052

  • The British, however, continued to maintain forts in the Northwest Territory, in violation of the Paris Treaty


Native americans resist white settlers

NATIVE AMERICANS RESIST WHITE SETTLERS

  • Pioneers also conflicted with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory

  • To gain control of the area, the federal government sent troops to try to control the area

  • They were defeated twice by a chieftain of the Miami Confederacy, Little Turtle


Native americans resist white settlers1

NATIVE AMERICANS RESIST WHITE SETTLERS

  • Washington sent Revolutionary war hero Anthony Wayne to handle the situation

  • Little Turtle urged his people to seek peace, but they replaced him

  • Wayne defeated the Shawnee, Ottawa, and Chippewa at the Battle of Fallen Timbers


Instructions 5733052

  • A year later the Miami Confederacy signed the Treaty of Greenville

  • It required the Confederacy to surrender most of present day Ohio


Jay s treaty

JAY’S TREATY

  • When news of the Battle of Fallen Timbers reached Great Britain, the British signed the Jay Treaty of 1794

  • They agreed to evacuate their posts in the Northwest Territory

  • Western settlers, however, were angry that the treaty allowed the British to continue their fur trade in the Northwest Territory


Farewell address

FAREWELL ADDRESS

  • Washington decided not to run for a 3rd term

  • This became a precedent that presidents followed until 1940 and FDR

  • In his farewell address Washington warned the nation against entanglement in the affairs of other countries


Adams provokes criticism

ADAMS PROVOKES CRITICISM

  • The election of 1796, pitted Federalist John Adams

  • against Democrat-Republican Thomas Jefferson


Instructions 5733052

  • Due to the way the Constitution was set up, Adams became President and Jefferson V.P.


Adams provokes criticism1

ADAMS PROVOKES CRITICISM

  • The election showed the growing danger of sectionalism

  • Sectionalism is placing the interest of one region over those of the nation as a whole

  • Almost all the southern electors voted for Jefferson while the northern electors voted for Adams


Adams tries to avoid war

ADAMS TRIES TO AVOID WAR

  • Relations with France turned hostile after the signing of the Jay Treaty

  • France viewed it as a violation of the French-American alliance

  • President Adams sent envoys to negotiate a treaty with France

  • When the American envoys arrived the French demanded a $250,000 bribe to speak to the French foreign minister


Adams tries to avoid war1

ADAMS TRIES TO AVOID WAR

  • This angered Americans against the French

  • It became known as the XYZ Affair

  • In 1798, Congress created a navy department and authorized American ships to seize French vessels

  • For the next two years there existed an undeclared naval war with France


Instructions 5733052

  • http://www.ignitelearning.com/media.shtml#eah


The alien and sedition acts

THE ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS

  • Many Federalist believed that French agents were plotting to overthrow the U.S. government

  • New immigrants, especially the Irish, were vocal critics of the Adam’s pro-British policies

  • In 1798, Congress passed four measures which came to be know as the Alien and Sedition Acts


The alien and sedition acts1

THE ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS

  • It made it a crime to speak or publish anything false or malicious against the federal government or any of its officers

  • Many Democrat-Republican editors, publishers and politicians were put in prison under the Acts

  • The Acts was seen as a violation of free of speech


Virginia and kentucky resolutions

VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY RESOLUTIONS

  • In protest of the Alien and Sedition Acts, the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were adopted

  • The Kentucky Resolution was drafted by Thomas Jefferson

  • It argued for nullification

    • This theory said a state could nullify any law they deemed unconstitutional


Virginia and kentucky resolutions1

VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY RESOLUTIONS

  • The Virginia Resolution was drawn up by James Madison

  • It said a state could disobey any act of the federal government that exceeded the authority granted to it by the Constitution

  • Other states denounced these resolutions as a threat to the Union


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