Exploring the historic landscape of
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 17

Fotheringhay Prepared by Rachel Shaw PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 46 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Exploring the historic landscape of. Fotheringhay Prepared by Rachel Shaw. Fotheringhay. Like the rest of Rockingham Forest, the landscape of Fotheringhay went through a process of change. The change that made most impact on the appearance of the countryside was Enclosure.

Download Presentation

Fotheringhay Prepared by Rachel Shaw

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

Exploring the historic landscape of

Fotheringhay

Prepared by Rachel Shaw


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

Fotheringhay


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

  • Like the rest of Rockingham Forest, the landscape of Fotheringhay went through a process of change.

  • The change that made most impact on the appearance of the countryside was Enclosure.

  • The surviving evidence shows the stages of this process.


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

A description of Fotheringhay in the reign of Henry VIII, by Leland, quoted in John Bridges ‘History of Northamptonshire’ 1791


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

Permission for a Deer Park, stocked from Rockingham Forest, was granted in 1230. The 5m wide boundary bank still survives in many places.

The remaining land, too wet or poor for ploughing was left as open pasture for the animals to graze.

By 1300, most available land was under the plough, to grow food. People worked communally. They owned scattered strips of arable land throughout the parish.


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

Around the village you can see earthwork remains, including the old back lane and the boundaries of individual tenements (’back gardens’) and the castle.

RAF Vertical Air Photo 1940s, showing the ridge and furrow of the old open fields still surviving under the network of newer field boundaries. Since this photo was taken, much of the old ridge and furrow has been obliterated by modern ploughing.


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

By the 1600s, some of the pasture areas had been enclosed, making small individually owned meadows. But most of the land is taken up by the great open fields.

Fotheringhay township: early C17thCliffe Bailiwick map (The National Archives)


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

In 1635 the land in Fotheringhay was reorganised.

With a reduced population there was less demand for food and less available labour.

Now the demand was for cloth so it was more economical to farm sheep. For this you needed enclosed fields.

The system of common farming came to an end. Strip-owners were reallocated the equivalent amount of land as privately owned fields.

The loss of common rights could cause great hardship to those who had depended on it and had little or no land of their own. It was often resisted.


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

This is what the land looked like in 1716, 80 years after the common fields were enclosed. In some places you can see that the new fields reflected the old arrangement of strips. The field names can hint at how the fields were used.

Fotheringhay township: 1716(Northamptonshire Record Office)


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

Fotheringhay in the 1880s (Ordnance Survey)


1880s

1880s

1880s

Use the detailed mapping of the village to identify where you might still see evidence of earlier buildings/ streets/ field layout etc.

Work out your route for fieldwork and plot it on your base map.


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

1716

Fotheringhay village: 1716Northamptonshire Record Office


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

Composite map of Fotheringhay in 1716


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

Close-up of the village, showing the Church and the College (or Priory) It was buit in the 1400s, dissolved in 1539, sold off and eventually demolished.

Fotheringhay Village: early C17thCliffe Bailiwick map (The National Archives)


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

RAF Vertical Air Photo 1940s,


Fotheringhay prepared by rachel shaw

John Bridges ‘History of Northamptonshire’ 1791


  • Login