Enlightenment and Revolution 1550-1789. Chapter 6. The Scientific Revolution. Section 1. Learning Targets. I can define the scientific revolution I can explain how the scientific revolution changed the way people looked at the world. A Little Background…. Before the Enlightenment:
I can summarize Enlightenment ideas that are found in the U.S. government.
Enlightenment ideas spread through the Western World, and influenced the arts, economies, and governments.
Became cultural center of Europe
People from Europe and the Americas came to Paris to hear these new ideas
Writers and Artists gathered in wealthy homes to discuss new ideas
Hosts “salon” discussions
Funds the research for the creation of the Encyclopedia
Uses her money to write down all the information / knowledge he can into a set of books called The Encyclopedia.
Challenges to the Encyclopedia
The Catholic Church banned it
The French Government did too
These bans were later lifted, and the Encyclopedia helped to spread Enlightenment ideas
The Middle Class:
They were already becoming wealthier
But did not enjoy the privileges of the nobles
Nor did they have much political power
Ideas of equality sounded great to them
Showed more balance and elegance
“Classical” music started to emerge
It was lighter and more elegant
The “novel” was born
Longer stories with many twists and character descriptions
The best form of government:
Many enlightenment thinkers believed that a monarchy was the best government
Only as long as the monarch respected the rights of the people
The enlightenment thinkers tried to influence the monarchs to rule fairly
There were 3 Enlightened Despots:
Frederick the Great of Prussia
Joseph II of the Roman Empire
Catherine the Great of Russia
Called himself a servant of Prussia
Religious Freedom, free speech, better education
Got rid of torture
Holy Roman Emperor
Freedom of Worship
Protestants and Jews
They undid his changes after he died!
Followed ideas of Beccaria and Montesquieu
Started to make changes for the better through commissions
Never got it done though!
The Enlightenment started to spread especially through Paris, France
Talked about ideas in “salons”
New ideas put together in Encyclopedia
Middle Class grew wealthier, but didn’t have more power
Art became simpler and more interesting
Leaders became more “enlightened”
I can explain the causes of the American Revolution.
I can describe the Enlightenment ideas that are found in the American Revolution.