America Joins the Allies. US Enters war. US attempted to stay neutral and Wilson encouraged neutrality . However in 1914 1/3 rd of Americans were foreign born. Many of these individuals supported their home countries though most sided with Britain and France . 3 positions on war :
Which side should the US pick?
US Exports to both sides:
3. Allied Pressure
Petrograd, 4 July 1917. Street demonstration on Nevsky Prospekt just after troops of the Provisional Government have opened fire with machine guns.
4. Zimmerman Note
5. Unlimited Submarine Warfare
“We desire no conquest, no dominion. We seek no indemnities for ourselves, no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make. We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind. We shall be satisfied when those rights have been made as secure as the faith and the freedom of nations can make them.”
President Woodrow Wilson, 1917
Asking the Congress of the United States for a Declaration of War against the Central Powers
“It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war... But the right is more precious then peace and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried in our hearts.“ - Wilson
Wilson Believed the American system would save the world
1. American economic goods
2. America's democratic political structure
3. America's blend of morality and Christianity
Americans in the Trenches
The YanksAre Coming!
America’s Army had to be built from scratch. Only the USMC had real combat experience -and then only in “ Small Wars” against poorly armed guerillas.
"90 Day Wonders"
Minimal training turned civilians into officers, NCO’s and “Doughboys”
AEF 4 million
Overseas 2 million
A modern military force by 1918 with advanced logistics, tanks, bombers and artillery.