Hinduism
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Hinduism. Do Now. List any information you know about Hinudism. Essential Question. What are the teachings of Hinduism?. Hinduism. Hinduism began in India. The religion dates back to 1500 B.C.E., making it the worlds oldest religion. There are 750 million Hindus in the world today.

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Hinduism

Hinduism


Do now

Do Now

List any information you know about Hinudism


Essential question

Essential Question

What are the teachings of Hinduism?


Hinduism1

Hinduism

  • Hinduism began in India.

  • The religion dates back to 1500 B.C.E., making it the worlds oldest religion.

  • There are 750 million Hindus in the world today.

  • Most Hindus still live in India.

  • Gave birth to Buddhism


How did hinduism begin

How did Hinduism begin?

  • No particular founder

  • Indus River Valley Civilization >5000 years ago

  • Aryansenter 4000 - 3500 years ago

  • Vedic Tradition 3500 – 2500 years ago:

    • rituals and many gods (polytheism)

    • sacred texts (Vedas)

    • social stratification (caste system)


Hindu beliefs

Hindu Beliefs

  • Hindus believe in a single Divinity or supreme god that is present in everything called Brahman.

  • Hindus also believe in other gods who are aspects of that supreme God= polytheistic


Reincarnation

Reincarnation

  • Reincarnation is the belief that the soul repeatedly goes through a cycle of being born into a body, dying, and being reborn again in a new body.


Karma

Karma

Karma, a force that determines the quality of each life, depending on how well one behaved in a past life.

Create karma by our actions on earth. If you live a good life, you create good karma. If you live a bad life, you create bad karma.


Do now1

Do Now

Please answer the following questions:

1) What is the oldest religion?

2) What is the name of the scared Hindu text?

3) Who is the top god?

4) List two reasons Hinduism is different from Christianity?


Hinduism

All these deities are but

Manifest forms (attributes

and functions) of the

impersonal Brahman


Moksha

Moksha

  • Each time a Hindu soul is born into a better life, it has the opportunity to improve itself further, and get closer to ultimate liberation=Moksha.

  • One attains Moksha when they no longer desire anything at all.

    G.D. Why do you think Hindus believe in karma?

    AND

    Why are desires bad? What are the benefits/drawbacks of reincarnation?


Sacred writings

Sacred Writings

  • The Vedas (written down 1200-900BCE, but based on older oral versions).

  • The Upanishads which means the inner or mystic teaching that were passed down from guru (teacher) to disciple (student).


Hindu life goals

Hindu Life Goals

  • Hinduism is about leading your life in a good way in order to be born into a better life next time and ultimately achieve liberation.

    There are 4 goals in life:

  • dharma (appropriate living)

  • artha (the pursuit of material gain by lawful means)

  • kama (delight of the senses)

  • moksha (release from rebirth).


Hindu duties

Hindu Duties

  • Each Hindu has 4 daily duties:

  • Revere the deities (gods)

  • Respect ancestors

  • Respect all beings

  • Honor all humankind

  • G.D. Are the Hindu Life Goals and duties similar/different to other religions we have studied?


Rest of the class activities

Rest of the Class Activities

Please complete the following:

Test Corrections (Write out the question and the corrections x2 including the essay)

Islam Sheet

Workbook p 8-9

Reading Guide p 23-26


Do now2

Do Now

Please answer the following questions:

1) List the sacred texts for the following religions: Judaism, Hindu, Christianity and Islam

2) Define karma and reincarnation


The hindu caste system

The Hindu Caste System

Social Structure in India


Essential question1

Essential Question

Is the caste system fair/just?


Hinduism

How Caste Shapes Society

Definition:

A type of social organization/hierarchy in which a person’s occupation and position in life is determined by the circumstances of their birth.


Hinduism

How Caste Shapes Society

  • Rigid, hereditary membership into birth caste

  • Marriage only among member of same caste

  • Occupation choices restricted

  • Personal contact with other castes restricted

  • Acceptance of fixed place in society


Hinduism

Reincarnation

Karma

Dharma

Code of behavior or set of moral and ethical rules

How One’s Caste is Determined


Hinduism

The Four Castes

  • Brahmins – Priests, Teachers, Judges; usually don’t own land therefore need other castes to work the land and provide for them

  • Kshatriyas– Warriors and Rulers (landowners)

  • Vaisyas – Skilled Traders, Merchants, Farmers


Hinduism

The Four Castes

  • Sudras – Unskilled Workers—Laborers and Craft workers

  • Untouchables – Outcastes

  • Concept of pollution…the most pure at the top (Brahmins) and the most polluted at the bottom (Untouchables)


Hinduism

G.D.

In your GD groups answer the following questions:

After studying the beliefs of Hindus, do you believe the caste system is a fair/just system? Explain and write down arguments to support your answer


Class activity

Class activity

Finish work from yesterday

Workbook p 8-9

Reading Guide p 23-26

And using page 64

Draw the what the caste system looked like in India


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