Wechselpr positionen
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Wechselpräpositionen. Translation: two-way prepositions. There are 9 prepositions that can either be used with dative OR accusative. This is why they are frequently called 2-way prepositons. Die Liste!. an auf hinter in neben über unter vor zwischen. How do two - way preps work?.

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Wechselpräpositionen

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Wechselpr positionen

Wechselpräpositionen

Translation: two-way prepositions


Wechselpr positionen

  • There are 9 prepositions that can either be used with dative OR accusative.

    This is why they are frequently called 2-way prepositons.


Die liste

Die Liste!

  • an

  • auf

  • hinter

  • in

  • neben

  • über

  • unter

  • vor

  • zwischen


How do two way preps work

How do two-way preps work?

  • Well, they work in two different ways

  • Hence the name: two-way preps

  • They can be accusative if there is action/motion towards the object (wohin?)Bewegung

  • Ich gehe unter den Tisch.

    • I am going under the table.


Wechselpr positionen

  • Or they can be dative if there is no action towards the object , OR if there is motion within a limited location (wo?) Stillstand

  • Ich bin unter dem Tisch.

    • I am (located) under the table.


Accusative changes

Accusative changes

  • der – den

  • die stays

  • das stays

  • die plural stays

  • So the only thing to worry about in accusative is changing der to den.


Dative changes

Dative changes

  • der – dem

  • die – der

  • das – dem

  • die plural – den, and add –n to word unless the plural ends in –s or already ends in –n.


An accusative to onto for upright things

an – accusative—to, onto(for upright things)

  • action = accusative

  • die stays die

  • Ich hänge das Foto an die Wand.

    (I am hanging the picture on the wall.)


An dative at

an—dative = at

  • dormant = dative = Stillstand

  • die changes to der

  • Das Foto hängt an der Wand.

    • The picture is hanging on the wall./The picture hangs on the wall.


Auf accusative on on top of onto upon for horizontal things

auf – accusative—on, on top of, onto, upon (for horizontal things)

  • action= accusative

  • der changes to den

  • Ich stelle das Buch auf den Tisch.

    I place/put the book on the table.


Auf dative on in

auf—dative—on, in

  • dormant = dative

  • der changes to dem

  • Das Buch steht auf dem Tisch.

    • The book stands/is located on the table.


Hinter accusative behind

hinter – accusative--behind

  • action = accusative

  • der changes to den

  • Ich stelle das Fahrrad hinter den Baum.

    • I put/I am putting the bike behind the tree.


Hinter dative behind

hinter—dative—behind

  • dormant = dative

  • der changes to dem

  • Das Fahrrad ist hinter dem Baum.

    • The bike is behind the tree./is located….


In accusative in into to

in – accusative—in, into, to

  • active = accusative

  • das stays das

  • in + das combines to ins

  • Ich trage den Stuhl ins Haus.

    • I carry/am carrying the chair into the house. (notice—from one location to another)


In dative in to be located in

in—dative—in, to be located in

  • dormant = dative

  • Das changes to dem

  • in + dem combines to im

  • Der Stuhl ist im Haus.

    • The chair is in the house./is located in…


Neben accusative beside near next to

neben – accusative--beside, near, next to

  • active = accusative

  • die plural stays die plural

  • Ich stelle den Kuli neben die Bücher.

    • I place/am placing the pen near/next to the books.


Neben dative beside next to near

neben—dative—beside, next to, near

  • dormant = dative

  • die plural changes to den, and add an –n to the word

  • Der Kuli ist neben den Büchern.

    • The pen is next to the books.


Unter accusative under below among

unter –accusative-- under, below, among

  • action = accusative

  • die stays die

  • Ich fahre mein Auto unter die Brücke.

    • I drive/am driving my car under the bridge.


Unter dative under below beneath

unter—dative—under, below, beneath

  • dormant = dative

  • die changes to der

  • Das Auto explodiert unter der Brücke.

    • The car explodes under the bridge.


Ber accusative over above across

über – accusative—over, above, across

  • action = accusative

  • der changes to den

  • Ich springe über den Tisch.

    • I jump/am jumping over the table.


Ber dative above over

über—dative—above, over

  • dormant = dative

  • der changes to dem

  • Das Licht hängt über dem Tisch.

    • The light hangs/is hanging above the table.


Vor in front of before

vor – in front of, before

  • action = accusative

  • das stays das

  • Ich gehe vor das Klassenzimmer.

    • I go/am going before the classroom.


Vor dative in front of before

vor—dative—in front of, before

  • dormant = dative

  • das changes to dem

  • Ich stehe vor dem Klassenzimmer.

    • I stand/am standing in front of/before the classroom.


Zwischen accusative between

zwischen – accusative--between

  • action = accusative

  • die plural stays die

  • Ich stelle den Tisch zwischen die Stühle.

    • I place/am placing the table between the chairs.


Zwischen dative between

zwischen—dative—between

  • dormant = dative

  • die plural changes to den, with -n

  • Der Tisch ist zwischen den Stühlen.

    • The table is / is located between the chairs.


Verbs of direction use with accusative

Verbs of direction—use with accusative

  • These verbs denote direction—motion from one place to another. When used in combination with one of the 2-way preps., you need to use the accusative case.

    legen—to lay, to put, to place

    setzen—to place, to set, to sit down

    stellen—to put, to place, to set


Legen to lay to put to place

Legen—to lay, to put, to place

z. B. Ich lege die Zeitung aufs (auf das) Sofa.

Du legst das Buch auf den Tisch.

Markus legt sein Heft unter die Zeitung.


Setzen to place to set to sit down

Setzen—to place, to set, to sit down

z.B. Er setzte sich neben das Mädchen.

Wir setzten uns neben den Männern.


Stellen to put to place to set

Stellen—to put, to place, to set

z. B. Du stellst den Stuhl neben den Tisch.

Ich stelle das Buch auf den Tisch.


Verbs of location use with dative

Verbs of Location: Use with Dative

  • These verbs denote location. When they are used with 2-way preps, you must use dative case.

    liegen—to lie, to rest

    sitzen—to sit

    stehen—to stand


Liegen to lie rest

Liegen—to lie, rest

z. B. Warum liegst du unter deinem Bett?

Ich liege auf dem Sofa.

Der Hund liegt neben der Katze.


Sitzen to sit

sitzen—to sit

z. B. Ich sitze auf diesem Sofa.

Du sitzt auf ihrem Mantel.


Stehen to stand

stehen—to stand

z. B. Warum steht er neben meinem Bruder?

Du stehst in dem (im) Zimmer.

Die Lampe steht zwischen dem Sofa und der Stereoanlage.


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