The early republic 1789 1814
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The Early Republic 1789-1814. Big Ideas: America got off to a rocky start as a new nation George Washington created the office of President Political Parties divided the nation after the Revolutionary War England never got over losing the Rev. War and brought on a second war in 1812.

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The Early Republic 1789-1814

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The early republic 1789 1814

The Early Republic 1789-1814

  • Big Ideas:

    • America got off to a rocky start as a new nation

    • George Washington created the office of President

    • Political Parties divided the nation after the Revolutionary War

    • England never got over losing the Rev. War and brought on a second war in 1812


The early republic 1789 1814

  • Constitution ratified 1789

  • Political Parties are born

    • Federalists: Washington, John Adams, Alexander Hamilton

      • Favored: THE RICH, CITIES, and MERCHANTS

    • Republicans (Anti-Federalists): Jefferson, Madison

      • Favored: THE POOR, FARMERS


Washington s presidency 2 terms 8 years

Washington’s Presidency2 terms: 8 years

  • “INVENTS” the presidency: No official party but really a Federalist

  • Vice President: John Adams

  • Strong Cabinet:

    • Jefferson (Rep) Sec. of State,

    • Hamilton (Fed) Sec. of Treasury,


Problems faced by washington

Problems faced by Washington

  • Deals with new POLITICAL PARTIES (Rep. v. Feds)

  • Britain still on US territory and bothering US ships

  • Crushes WHISKEY REBELLION: Farmers did not want to pay a Whiskey Tax.

  • Washington uses army to make them pay, shows power of new government


John adams our 2 nd president

JOHN ADAMSOur 2nd President

FEDERALIST!


John adams background

JOHN ADAMS: Background

  • Massachusetts politician

  • Federalist

  • Extremely Intelligent

  • Not well liked; difficult to get along with

  • Great American; bad politician

  • Married to Abigail; loved her a bunch

  • Loves England; Hates France


Major events of adams presidency

Major events of Adams Presidency

  • One term PRESIDENT (4 years)

    • 2 BIG EVENTS OF ADAMS PRESIDENCY:

  • 1. XYZ Affair: almost went war with FRANCE over bribery incident


Major events of adams presidency1

MAJOR EVENTS OF ADAMS PRESIDENCY

  • 2. Alien and Sedition Acts: Federalists makes it a crime to say bad things about the government

  • UNCONSTITUTIONAL (1st Amendment)

  • Adams reputation is ruined.


Adams presidency failure

ADAMS PRESIDENCY=FAILURE

  • GREATEST ACCOMPLISHMENT: 1.Avoiding war with France.

  • 2. Fights against his own party (Federalists) when he thought it was the right thing to do.

  • PROBLEMS:

    • XYZ AFFAIR

    • ALIEN AND SEDITION ACT


Thomas jefferson s presidency

Thomas Jefferson’s Presidency

  • FIRST REPUBLICAN PRESIDENT

  • AUTHOR OF DELCARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

  • SLAVEOWNER

  • VIRGINIAN

  • HIGH IDEALS, DIDN’T ALWAYS ACCOMPLISH HIS GOALS

1801-1809 2 Terms


Jefferson s presidency

JEFFERSON’S PRESIDENCY

  • Jefferson first of three Presidents in a row from Virginia = VIRGINIA DYNASTY (Jeff, Mad, Mon)

  • GREATEST ACCOMPLISHMENT

    • LOUSIANA PURCHASE

      1803 Jefferson purchases the LOUISIANA TERRITORY

      From the French

    • 2 cents an acre!

    • DOUBLES THE SIZE OF THE UNITED STATES!!!!


The early republic 1789 1814

LOUISIANA PURCHASE 1803

Jefferson sends LEWIS AND CLARK to explore the new territory.

New Western border: Rocky Mountains

US gets control of NEW ORLEANS: Critical for shipping goods down the MISSISSIPPI


Jefferson s failure

JEFFERSON’S FAILURE

  • England continued to harass AMERICAN SHIPS


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