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Page 120: A Source of Unity. Chapter 4: The Nile Valley. Essential Question: Why was the Nile River a source of unity in Ancient Egypt?. 6.4.02 Describe the purposes and structure of governments .

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Chapter 4: The Nile Valley

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Page 120 a source of unity

Page 120: A Source of Unity

Chapter 4: The Nile Valley


Essential question why was the nile river a source of unity in ancient egypt

Essential Question:

Why was the Nile River a source of unity in Ancient Egypt?


Standards

6.4.02 Describe the purposes and structure of governments.

6.4.spi.1 recognize types of government (i.e. formal/informal, monarchy, direct/indirect democracy, republics, theocracy).

6.4.spi.2. recognize the steps that give rise to complex governmental organizations (i.e., nomadic, farming, village, city, city-states, states).

Standards


A source of unity

Unity: [yoo-ni-tee]

–noun, plural -ties.

a whole or totality as combining all its parts into one.

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  • Most settlements were on Nile Delta & along the river

    • Between the delta & 1st (of 6) cataracts.

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Cataracts: Waterfalls (or shallow, rocky stretches of river, sometimes with whitewater rapids).

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Settlements around Nile Delta b/c part of a kingdom called Lower Egypt.

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Settlements in the Nile Valley to the south b/c known as Upper Egypt.

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  • Not known for sure who united the two kingdoms.

    • Some stories say King Menes from L.E. conquered U.E. in about 3100 BC.

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  • Formed the world’s first nation-state.

    • Nation-state: a region with a united group of people and a single government.

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  • Formed the world’s first nation-state.

    • How do you think a nation-state is different from an empire (Chapter 3)?

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  • Menes’ capital city was Memphis, in Lower (North) Egypt.

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  • Some experts think that the king who united Egypt was Narmer.

    • b/c he was pictured wearing crowns from both LE & UE

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  • Also believe Narmer began the first Egyptian dynasty.

    • Egypt was ruled by more than 30 dynasties

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  • Also believe Narmer began the first Egyptian dynasty.

    • Dynasty: a series of rulers who belong to the same family.

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The Narmer Palette is a significant Egyptian archeological find, dating from about the 31st century BC, containing some of the earliest hieroglyphic inscriptions ever found. It is thought by some to depict the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the king Narmer. On one side the king is depicted with the White crown of Upper (southern) Egypt and the other side depicts the king wearing the Red Crown of Lower (northern) Egypt.

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Chapter 4 the nile valley

Details

Deposits rich soil for planting

Main Idea:

The Importance of the Nile River.

Water source for crop irrigation

Egypt’s main transportation route


Chapter 4 the nile valley

Essential Question:

How did nature affect Egyptians’ religious beliefs?

Soldiers could travel on the Nile River to conquer Lower Egypt. People Could travel along the Nile to trade and communicate between regions


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